Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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KILPINSTEN, n. Also kelpinsten, kjolpin-, kilper-, kelper-; hjelpin-, hjalpin-, hjolpin-, hjelper-, hjilper-; hjolkin-; jalpin-, jalper- (Jak.); chylpin-stane. A flat stone placed at the top of the mouth of a kiln, above the fire, and projecting into the kiln space so as to shield the drying floor of wood and straw from the flames, and to catch any corn that trickles through (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), 1914 Angus Gl.). [′kɪlpɪnsten, ′ɪl-, ′(h)jal-, -stin] Sh. 1899  J. Spence Folk-Lore 171:
The fire burned under the chylpin-stane in the kiln huggie, and needed constant watching.

[Phs. orig. Kill, n.1 + Pend, an arched or covered-in passage or entry, + Seane. The large variety of forms indicates considerable confusion, phs. with words like Hellek, Hellio, etc. The interchange of hj- and kj-, subsequent to palatalisation of k- in the suggested first element, is analogous to similar variations in Norw. dials. See H, 6.]

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"Kilpinsten n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Mar 2018 <>



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