Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
‡KEVEL, n.1, v.1 Also kev(i)l, kevole, kefl, cavell, kaevel, kaivle, and vocalised form ‡kewl. [kevl, kɛvl]
I. n. 1. A twitch or rope-bit for an intractable horse (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Now obs. in this sense in Eng.
Rxb. 1825 Jam.:
One who rides a horse, that is not under proper command, with a halter, when he brings the halter under the horse's jaws and makes it pass through his mouth, is said to put a kewl on. Sc. 1871 P. H. Waddell Psalms xxxii. 9:
Be-na ye like naig or like mule . . . whase chowks maun be chackit wi' branks an' kewl.
2. A wooden bit or gag inserted into the mouth, to prevent a horse from eating grain (Ork. 1929 Marw.), or a lamb from sucking (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XII. 121, 1866 Edm. Gl., Sh. 1959).
Ork. 1734 P. Ork. A.S. I. 65:
Three sufficient harrows and harrowing irons, . . . Eighteen Cavells.
3. A staff, cudgel.
Sc. 1839 Wilson's Tales of the Borders (1888) VII. 23:
For ae stroke wi' this kevel at the head o' yon culroun caitiff o' an executioner.
II. v. 1. To fit a wooden bit into a lamb's mouth to prevent it from sucking (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XII. 121, 1908 Jak. (1928), Sh. 1959). Hence kevlin tree, = I. 1. (Ags. 1959); ¶2. to clench (between the jaws).
2. Wgt. 1804 R. Couper Poems II. 81:
A brankin' greyhound cam; And kevil't in his weel fang't jaws, A gusty bacon ham.
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"Kevel n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Feb 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/kevel_n1_v1>
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