Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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KEAVE, v., n. Also kave. Obsol. variants of Cave, n.3, v.1, q.v.

I. v. To toss, gen. of cattle: to toss the horns in a threatening way (Slk. 1825 Jam.; Bwk., Wgt. 1959); also fig., to threaten. Sc. 1821  Jacob. Relics (Hogg) 40:
Deil claw the traitors wi' a flail, That took the midden for their bail, And kiss'd the cow ahint the tail, That keav'd at kings themsel.
Gall. a.1900  “Mulciber Veritatis” Gallowa' Herds 6:
The creest-leydit wratch wad ye kaved 'neath the hatch. That's lid to the sink o' perdition.

II. n. A toss, hoist. Clc. 1862  D. Taylor Poems 31:
We'll see an' get seven great elephants sunk To gie't a most powerful keave up wi' their trunk.

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"Keave v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Dec 2018 <>



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