Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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KAIL, n. Also kaill, kale, cale, cail, keal(l), kell; keil(l); keel (I.Sc.). Sc. forms of Eng. cole, also in n.Eng. dial. [Sc. kel, Sh. kɛl, Ork. kil, Cai. Keɪl]

1. Borecole, esp. the curly variety, Brassica oleracea acephala, freq. also called green kail (Sth. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 III. 580). See Green, adj., II. 3. Gen.Sc. and now also adopted by Eng. Also applied to cabbage (Sh., Cai., Ags., wm.Sc. 1959). Bnff. 1700  S.C. Misc. (1846) III. 188:
The Egiptians . . . took possession of his house, and stole his peats and kaill.
Sc. 1746  J. Clerk Memoirs (S.H.S.) 193:
I had brought my Distemper upon me by a large quantity of Green Kail which I chanced to eat at Dinner.
Sc. 1760  R. Pococke Tours (1887) 127:
A porridge made of oatmeal, cale, and sometimes a piece of salt meat in it, is the top fare.
Lth. 1819  J. Thomson Poems 121:
I've seen you workin' at your kail Upo' the Sabbath, fu' wi' drink.
Abd. 1827  J. Imlah May Flowers 21:
Ahint my laigh housie blooms nae leafie bower, But a divot-dyk'd yard for my corn-rucks an' kale.
Uls. 1879  W. G. Lyttle Readings 69:
The man that eats muckle kail wull be curly.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 135:
The meal wus deun, the keil wus ga'n, — O I hed naethin' forrow!
Ags. 1889  Barrie W. in Thrums i.:
It is only a garden of kail and potatoes.
Dmf. 1912  J. L. Waugh Robbie Doo 21:
When ither fouk had routh o' kail and cabbage and tatties.
Dmb. 1949  E. G. Murray Old School Cardross 80:
Another rite which lingered long and was still practised in my youth was that of “pulling the green kail” when youths and maidens went hand in hand with shut eyes into a bachelor's garden, to pull up the first kail stalks which came their way. Were the stems strong and straight with a plentiful supply of earth at their roots, then the future husbands or wives would be young, good-looking and rich. If on the other hand the stalks were crooked or small with little earth at their roots, the future spouses would be lacking both in looks and fortune; according as the heart or stem proved sweet or sour to the taste, so would be the temper of the future partner.
Sh. 1959  Shetland News (27 Jan.) 4:
I had this planted with kell-plants.

Hence kailie, -y, adj. “producing many leaves fit for the pot; a term applied to coleworts, cabbage, etc.” (Cld. 1825 Jam.; Cai. 1959); fig., of the nature of the Kailyard School of writing, see 5. (35) (b) below. Sc. 1898  Academy (3 Dec.) 378:
It is impossible to avoid the term “Kailyard” in this connexion. More than a little kaily is the work.

2. A dish made of this, gen. by boiling and mashing the leaves and adding milk, butter, salt and pepper (Sc. 1755 Johnson Dict., s.v. kell, 1929 F. M. McNeill Sc. Kitchen 102). Gen.Sc. Examples of this usage are not always distinguishable from 3. below. Sc. c.1730  E. Burt Letters (1815) I. 192:
Your ordinary fare has been little else beside brochan, cale, stirabout, sawings, etc.
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Works (S.T.S.) 150:
I'll seek but bree out of the pot, Frae 'mang your boiling kail, To be my supper brose.
Ork. 1908  Old-Lore Misc. I. vi. 223:
He hed hed naithin a' day bit a tristoo o' kail afore lavan hame i' the mornin.
Abd. 1934  D. Scott Stories and Sk. 64:
Ye've surely had kail t' yer denner the day.

3. Broth, soup made with vegetables (Sh., ne.Sc., em.Sc.(a), Edb., Bwk., Lnk., Kcb. 1959), with or without the addition of meat. Freq. prefixed by the name of the principal ingredient, as meal(y)-kail (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 126), nettle-kail, pea-kail, pork-kail (Bwk. 1942 Wettstein 31), raisin-kail, salmon-kail, water-kail, etc., and sometimes construed as a pl., like Broth, Porridge. Also fig. For lenten kail, lentrin-, lantrin-, muggart-, see Lenten, Muggart. Sc. 1721  J. Kelly Proverbs 135:
The Scots, for their first Dish have Broth (which they call Kail) and their Flesh-meat, boil'd or roasted, after.
Edb. 1731  Bk. Old Edb. Club XVII. 71:
Beef to the value of 18 pence will make Twenty four Pynts of Broth or Kail, which is sufficient to serve 24 Persons two days. To make the said 24 pynts of Kail it will require Eight pence worth of Barley or Grotts and Greens.
Sc. 1736  Ramsay Proverbs (1776) 80:
Ye breed of nettle-kail and cock-laird ye need muckle service.
Per. 1738  Ochtertyre Ho. Bk. (S.H.S.) 182:
Dinner cabage Keall.
Edb. 1773  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 137:
The readied kail stand by the chimley cheeks.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Ordination vi.:
For lapfu's large o' gospel kail Shall fill thy crib in plenty.
Sc. 1796  G. Paton MS. letter to R. Gough (12 April):
While you have Soups in England, we use Kail and Broths i.e. the former cooked with Barley unhuskt or outter husk or rough Coat taken off at the Milln, then boil'd with flesh and Green herbs: the latter is the Barley boiled with the flesh, Beef, mutton etc. without Green herbs.
Peb. 1817  R. Brown Lintoun Green 91:
He'd singed the sheep's heads to the fell, Tae mak' the sheep-head kale.
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xii.:
Our kail is like to be cauld eneugh too.
Slg. 1835  Trans. Highl. Soc. 14:
The servants in the Carse of Blackgrange are said to have stipulated that they were not to get salmon kail oftener than twice in the week.
Per. 1836  G. Penny Traditions 23:
Their dinner [consisted] usually of water kail; that is, green kail and other vegetables boiled with field pease and groats — barley not being then in use.
Sc. 1874  A. Hislop Sc. Anecdotes 70:
D'ye think that religion's naething but a pease-kail for chicken-cocks to cackle about?
Sc. 1884  Chambers's Jnl. (8 March):
The common stinging nettle of Europe . . . in Scotland is occasionally used for making a kind of soup termed nettle kail.
Lnk. 1890  H. Muir Reminisc. 246:
“Raisin Kail”, another old custom, . . . is now defunct; probably but a few of our readers ever heard of it . . . When the marriage ceremony was over the party adjourned to some neighbouring barn, where the “kail”, made from raisins, was served round in plentiful supply.
Ags. 1903  T. Fyfe Lintrathen 47:
Mealy kail being broth, with a slight sprinkle of meal to give it more substance.
Lnk. 1926  W. Queen We're a' Coortin 29:
I've a pat o' kail on for the denner, an' I'm a wee feart it micht burn.
Ags. 1942 17 :
Pea-kail is broth made with fresh green peas, as distinguished from pea-soup which is made with split brown peas.

Hence kaily, smeared with broth, greasy. Sc. c.1760  J. Maidment Ballads (1859) 38:
She had tauchy teeth, and kaily lips.

4. Extended to mean a main meal, dinner (Sc. 1825 Jam.; ne.Sc., em.Sc.(a), Bwk. 1959). Sc. 1807  J. Hall Travels I. 233:
I told my landlady, to whom I presented the conquests of my fishing-rod, that if she had no objection, I would take my kail with her.
Sc. 1816  Scott B. Dwarf i.:
I will be back here to my kail against ane o'clock.
Ayr. 1822  Galt Sir A. Wylie lxxxvii.:
I hope, Sir Andrew, ye'll no objek to tak your kail wi' us.
Gall. 1843  J. Nicholson Tales 68:
Step doon to Mr M'Kie, and wi' my compliments say to him that he maun come up, and tak' his kail wi' me to-morrow.
Fif. 1894  J. Menzies Our Town 10:
I maun awa' doon to my kail.

5. Combs.: (1) barefoot-kail, see Barefit; (2) bow-kail, see Bow-kail, n.; (3) cabbage-kail, see Cabbage; †(4) kail-baillie, the servant who stays at home on the farm on Sunday to prepare dinner and feed and water the cattle (Per. a.1838 Jam. MSS. X. 161). See Bailie; (5) kail-bell, a bell once rung at the dinner-hour in Edinburgh, hence familiarly of any call to dinner (Sc. 1887 Sc. N. & Q. (Ser. 1) I. 2.; Ags., Per. 1959); (6) kail-blade, a leaf of kail (Ayr. 1786 Burns Death & Dr Hornbook xix.; I., n. and em.Sc.(a), wm.Sc., Dmf. 1959), a cabbage-leaf (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 190; Uls. 1908 Traynor (1953)). See also Blade; (7) kail-broo, -breu, -bree, the juice of boiled kail (I.Sc., Cai., Abd. 1959, -bree). See also Bree; (8) kail-brose, †kaily-, Brose made with the scum of broth (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Cai. 1959), or with the juice from boiled kail (n.Sc., Per., Ayr. 1959); (9) kail-broth, broth in which kail is a principal ingredient (n.Sc., Per., Wgt. 1959); (10) kail caster, a mischievous person who throws stalks of kail, cabbage, etc., down chimneys for sport (Sh. 1902 E.D.D., Sh. 1959); (11) kail-castock, -ick, -custock, see Castock; †(12) kail-cog, a wooden dish of the Cog type for holding broth; †(13) kail-court, a justice of the peace court which dealt with cases of kail-plucking. See (21) below; (14) kail gullie, -y, a blade fixed at right-angles to the end of an upright handle, used for cutting and chopping kail stems (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Ork., Cai., ‡Abd., Kcd., Ags. 1959); †(15) kail jockie, the hedge-sparrow (Bnff. 1900). See Jock, n., 2.; †(16) kail-kenny, -kennin, cabbage and potatoes mashed (Lnk. 1825 Jam.; ne.Sc. 1929 F. M. McNeill Scots Kitchen 147; Cai., Kcb. 1959), a variant form of Ir. colcannon, id.; (17) kail-kirk(ie), the Glasite sect, or one of its churches (see quot. and cf. broth-kirkie s.v. Broth, n.1) (Sc. 1913 J. Hastings Encycl. Religion VI. 231). Now only hist.; †(18) keill-knife, = (14) (Rs. 1727 W. MacGill Old Ross-shire (1909) II. 133); (19) kail-ladle, a tadpole (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 156; Fif., Dmf. 1959). Cf. Ladle, id.; (20) kail-pat, (a) a pot in which broth is made. Also attrib. and fig. Gen.Sc., obsol. Comb. †kail-pat whig, see 1887 quot.; †(b) one of the two divisions or squares at the far end of the “bed” or court in hop-scotch; †(21) kail-plucker, one who pulls kail for the purposes of divination, cf. 1949 quot. under 1. and pulling the castoc s.v. Castock. Vbl.n. kail-plucking, the act of doing this; (22) kail-reet, -root, the stump left after the head of the kail has been cut off (Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Uls. 1953 Traynor; n.Sc., Lth., Ayr. 1959). See Ruit; (23) kail runt, (a) the stalk of the kail plant, esp. when the leaves have been stripped (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl., 1953 Traynor; I. and n.Sc., em.Sc.(a), wm.Sc., sm.Sc. 1959); †(b) a full-grown kail-plant (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 289); (c) a term of contempt, applied esp. to an old woman (Ags., Fif., Kcb. 1959). Also ¶kail-runtle (Ags. 1896 Barrie M. Ogilvy vii.); (24) kail shank, the stem of kail (Ork., Cai. 1959). Cf. (23) (a); (25) kail-stick, a stick used for stirring broth; (26) kail-stock, (a) a stem of kail (Sc. 1808 Jam.; I. and n.Sc., Ags., Fif., Rnf., Lnk., Kcb., Dmf. 1959). Cf. Castock; (b) a full-grown kail-plant. Cf. (23) (b); (27) kail-straik, -strike. See Kill, n.1, 1.; (28) kail-supper, -sipper, (a) one who is fond of broth, specif. a nick-name given to the people of Fife; (b) a member of the Glasite sect. See (17) above; (29) kail-ticht, able to hold one's food, unwounded (see quot.); (30) kail-time, dinner-time (Ags., Per., Fif., Lth., Lnk. 1959); (31) kail-tree, = (25) (Rs. 1919 T.S.D.C., keltry); (32) kail-whittle, = (14); (33) kail-wife, (a) a woman who sells vegetables and herbs, a female green-grocer (Ags. 1959). Fig. applied to a scold, a coarse brawling woman; (b) the cook in a school canteen (Ags.17 1942); (c) an effeminate man (Per. 1959); (34) kail(ie)-worm, a caterpillar (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Cai.8 1934, kailie-; Ork., n.Sc., Ags., Fif., Ayr. 1959). Also fig.; (35) kail-ya(i)rd, †-yeard, (a) a small plot where kail and similar vegetables are grown, a kitchen-garden, esp. of a small cottage. Gen.Sc. For phr. to ca' oot o' a kailyard, see Ca, III. 18.; (b) a name applied to a type of fiction, popular in Scotland from about 1880, dealing mainly with rural domestic life, containing a good deal of dialect speech and written in a heavily sentimental vein. The main exponents were “I. Maclaren” (John Watson), S. R. Crockett and J. M. Barrie and the name was apparently coined by W. E. Henley or J. H. Millar, suggested by the line from the Jacobite song “There grows a bonny brier bush in our kailyard”, which gave “Ian Maclaren” the title of his first work, Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush (1894), a typical specimen of the class (Gsw. 1951 G. Blake Barrie and the Kailyard School 16–17). Gen. used attrib. Deriv. kailya(i)rder, a writer of this school; (36) Kilmaurs kail, a strong, hardy type of kail, gen. used for feeding cattle (wm.Sc. 1959); (37) Kilmeny kail, broth made from a rabbit cut in pieces, a lump of pickled pork, and vegetables (Fif. 1929 F. M. McNeill Sc. Kitchen 103); (38) lang-kail, a variety of borecole, also called Great, or Scotch kail, with less wrinkled leaves than the ordinary borecole, and purplish in colour (Sc. 1736 Ramsay Proverbs (1776) 15, 1808 Jam.); a dish or soup made with this; (39) open-kail, borecole, Brassica sabellica (Dmf. 1812 W. Singer Agric. Dmf. 227); (40) pan kail, = 2. (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Per. c.1890 D. M. Forrester Logiealmond (1944) 146); (41) Pencuir kale, snakeweed, Bistorta bistorta (Ayr. 1886 B. and H. 282); (42) red kail, rid —, = (38); (43) short kale, broth made with cabbage; (44) slake kail, a name given to various seaweeds, Porphyra laciniata or Ulva lactuca (Inv. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 XIV. 467; Cai. 1959); (45) wil(d) kail, the wild radish, Runch, Raphanus raphanistrum (Dmf. 1812 W. Singer Agric. Dmf. 167). (5) Sc. 1740  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) II. 131:
But hark! — the kail-bell rings, and I Maun gae link aff the pot.
Per. 1775  T. L. K. Oliphant Lairds of Gask (1870) 385:
The Bell on the Kirk of Aberdagie had of old been the Kail Bell of the Lords Oliphant, when they resided at Duplin.
Abd. 1824  G. Smith Douglas 125:
Lang, lang the laird's kale-bell had rung, And our brose hour returning.
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xiv.:
His tongue gaed like the clapper o' a kail bell.
Abd. 1933 4 :
Said of a loud and constant chatterer, “Lassie, ye've a tongue like a kale bell.”
(6) Lnk. a.1779  D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 141:
Mony a pickle well butter'd kail bleds I gi'd him.
Sc. 1818  Scott H. Midlothian xvii.:
But the moon, and the dew, and the night-wind, they are just like a caller kail-blade laid on my brow.
Ayr. 1823  Galt R. Gilhaize II. xxii.:
[A] black ram . . . they had laid in Mysie's bed and keepit frae baaing with a gude fothering of kail-blades.
(7) Dmf. 1877  R. W. Thom Jock o' the Knowe 17:
Being ower rash wi' his cutty spoon, Had sca'ded his mouth wi' het kail-broo.
Rnf. 1880  W. Grossart Shotts 203:
A very old custom at marriages was to run a race called “The Broose”, . . . The winner of the race or bruse . . . had a ladleful of kail-broo presented to him.
Ork. 1904  Dennison Sketches 13:
De wife he ca'd a coolter neb poured a sap o' soor keel breu doon on his heed.
(8) Bnff. 1766  Scots Mag. (Nov.) 566:
The deceased took a very little supper, either of ale-berry or kail-brose.
Rxb. 1815  J. Ruickbie Poems 237:
Stuff my wame wi' guid kail brose. To fleg the caul'.
Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality xxv.:
A pot of kail-brose which she herself had hung on the fire.
Sc. 1821  Blackwood's Mag. (Dec.) 693:
Their apology for not appearing earlier at the fishing of the ring in the kail-brose.
Per. 1835  J. Monteath Dunblane Trad. (1887) 83:
A charter of right . . . upon presenting to the Scottish king when he passed that way, a ram-horn spoon and a dish of Kaily-brose.
Sc. 1873  Trans. Highl. Soc. 310:
Kail brose, or greens boiled and oatmeal stirred into it, formed one of the chief dishes during winter in the farmer's kitchen to a very recent date.
Abd. 1923  B. R. M'Intosh Scent o' Broom 75:
It was coorse words at mornin' and kail-brose at nicht.
(9) Bnff. 1891  A. Gordon Carglen iii.:
Kail-broth . . . brewed from a huge shin or sirloin of beef.
(10) Sh. 1899  Shetland News (9 Dec.):
“Kail casters, kail casters!” Scottie roar'd, “Come, boys, lets pay dem fir dis.”
(12) Edb. 1866  J. Smith Poems 7:
Wi' meal-cogs an' kail-cogs For stumpies when they cam'.
(13) Cai. 1842  J. T. Calder Sketches 230:
There was regularly held, after Hallowe'en, what was called a “kail court,” where the detected offenders were punished by fine.
(14) Sc. 1716  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 66:
The bauld Good-wife of Braith Arm'd wi' a great Kail Gully, Came bellyflaught.
Ork. 1795  Stat. Acc.1 XIX. 408:
There are employed in tillage 100 Orkney ploughs, and two Highland ones . . . The former is of a very singular construction, having only one stilt, a small pointed sock, with a coulter, resembling a kail gully.
Slk. 1818  Hogg B. of Bodsbeck vi.:
Heaving over her shoulder a large green-kale gully.
Ayr. 1822  H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 111:
I wou'd liket just as muckle o't as wou'd made a heft to a kail gully.
Ork. 1914  Old-Lore Misc. VII. i. 33:
A large knife used for butchering pigs and cutting cabbages and hence called the butching-gullie or kale-gullie.
(17) Ags. 1936  Scots Mag. (Aug.) 340:
Since the breaking of bread had been one act performed when Christ's disciples came together on the first day of the week, they would observe this ordinance weekly. Thus began the Love-Feast, the sitting-down after the morning service on Sunday to a common table, which resulted in the name “The Kail Kirk.”
Ags. 1957  Bulletin (25 Oct.) 14:
At the middle of last century, in Arbroath's Kail Kirkie alone, there were around 100 members.
(20) (a) Sc. a.1706  in J. Watson Choice Coll. i. 69:
A Kaill-pot-lid gently to lift.
Sc. 1763  Scots Mag. (Oct.) 579:
Throwing poison into the kailpot of William Roxburgh, weaver in that place.
Sc. 1822  Scott Pirate xi.:
Set ane of their noses within the smell of a kail-pot.
Lnk. c.1850  Rymour Club Misc. (1911) I. 4:
And efter that they skin the cat And plump it intae the kail-pat.
Ags. 1880  J. E. Watt Poet. Sk. 26:
He'd a heid like a kail-pat.
Cld. 1887  Jam. Add.:
During the reign of Prelacy in Scotland those who would not go to church were called Whigs. And since then, those who stay at home to prepare the family meal, or because they have no inclination for church, are called kail-pat whigs.
Rxb. 1921  Kelso Chron. (21 Oct.) 4:
His kail-pot swung over a fire burning in his neighbour's property.
Sc. 1950  F. D. Gullen Trad. Number Rhymes 26:
First she got the kail pot, Syne she got the ladle.
Dmf. 1958  :
There is a children's game in which they join hands in a circle and try to prevent the “man in the middle” from escaping, to the chant: “The paddock's in the kail-pot An he'll no get oot the day.”
(b) Gall. 1824  MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 253:
This bed is divided into eight parts, the two of which at the farther end of it are called the kail pots.
(21) Cai. 1731  D. Beaton Eccl. Hist. Cai. (1909) 147:
T — H —, in Seatter, delated for Kaill-plucking superstitiously on Hallow Eve. . . . J — B —, Conjunct superstitious Kaill-plucker, Cited, Call'd, Compear'd not.
(23) (a) Lnk. a.1779  D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 17:
He's out in the yard powing Kail runts.
Ayr. 1787  Burns Death and Dr Hornbook xvii.:
When I lookèd to my dart, It was sae blunt, Fient haet o't wad hae pierc'd the heart Of a kail-runt.
Lth. 1819  J. Thomson Poems 148:
Friends that help her in her need, Will mount a kail-runt or rag-weed, And come and see ye.
Fif. 1876  A. Laing Lindores Abbey 389:
Boys . . . filled the house with Smoke, by blowing a hollowed kail-runt, filled with burning tow.
Ags. 1893  F. Mackenzie Cruisie Sk. vi.:
He wad mak' a saunt swear. I hae broken a kail-runt ower the back o' 'im.
Ork. 1922  J. Firth Reminisc. 128:
Kail-runts, pulled at random in the dark, symbolised the stature and build of one's future spouse.
Abd. 1928  P. Grey Making of a King 11:
Fancy me in the minister's castock — did ye ca't? Soun's like a kale runt!
(c) Abd. 1875  G. Macdonald Malcolm I. x.:
Jist Meg Horn, the auld kail-runt.
Ags. 1875  J. Watson Samples 31:
Black coat nor petticoat spare they, Kail-runt or daisy.
m.Sc. 1934  Chambers's Jnl. (Jan.) 5:
The sapless kail-runts of the Senatus.
(24) Per. 1830  Perthshire Advert. (1 July):
A certain constable in the western suburbs of this city, having been under the influence of the “drappie,” a wag took the opportunity to take from his pocket his baton of office, and to substitute a kail shank in its stead.
Cai. 1891  D. Stephen Gleanings 93:
He meant to go to the Edinburgh Infirmary where they would brak' his leg ower like a kail shank and set her richt.
(25) Edb. 1791  J. Learmont Poems 58:
For gif we soud mak ony obstic Our dams wad clank us wi' the kail-stick.
(26) (a) Mry. 1739  Caled. Mercury (29 May):
Miln had a Sword, and Schand said he was sufficient for him with a Kail-stock.
Sc. 1871  C. Gibbon For Lack of Gold I. xviii.:
Others had made tubes of pieces of kail-stocks and filled them with cotton, which they lighted. Then they applied one end of the tube to the keyhole and blew.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona xxi.:
She cared no more for Alpin than what she did for a kale-stock.
Gall. 1895  Trans. Dmf. & Gall. Antiq. Soc. 42:
The pulling of the kail stock was a part of the [Halloween] celebration now quite obsolete in the parish.
(b) Ayr. 1821  Galt Annals xxviii.:
Many, among the kail-stocks and cabbages in their yards, had planted groset and berry bushes.
Arg. 1914  N. Munro New Road xx.:
They came stumbling after him in darkness clashing into walls and tripping among kail-stocks.
Sh. 1949  J. Gray Lowrie 33:
Afore shu ever boils a kail stock, shu aye gies him a dad apo da lip o' da tub.
(28) (a) Sc. 1765  Boswell Grand Tour Italy (1955) 263:
Lady Inverness, helping me to soup said, “Are you a kail-supper?”
Sc. 1816  Scott Antiquary iv.:
Aiken was ane o' the kale-suppers o' Fife.
wm.Sc. 1854  Laird of Logan 519:
One of the “kail sippers” of Fife used to say of his digestive powers — “Never onything fashes my stomach.”
(b) Fif. 1936  St Andrews Cit. (11 July) 3:
He had knowledge of the tenets of the Cameronians, the Morrisonians, and perhaps even the “Kail suppers”.
(29) Ags. 1909  A. Reid Kirriemuir 114:
We'll hae the gully hauden owre the dyke at's wi' a vengeance, an', maybe, some o's'll no' be very kail ticht ir a' be 's dune.
(30) Lnk. a.1779  D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 233:
My Lord . . . ordered them . . . to come up before his gate, directly the morn about kail-time.
Ayr. 1787  Burns Letters (Ferguson) No. 112:
I got myself sae noutouriously bitchify'd the day after kail-time, that I can hardly stoiter but and ben.
Sc. 1813  Scott Letters (Cent. ed.) III. 250:
I am very sorry it will not be in my power to wait upon you again at Kale-time.
Gall. 1843  J. Nicholson Tales 68:
The minister dropped in about kail time, as if by accident.
Fif. 1851  R. P. Gillies Memoirs I. vi.:
I'll come at kale-time on my way back.
Ags. 1864  D. Allan Kirriemuir 36:
We have only a love-darg before our hands till kail-time.
(32) Ayr. 1787  Burns Letters (Ferguson) No. 112:
Ye wad see twa nicks i' the heart o' me like the mark o' a kail-whittle in a castock.
(33) (a) Sc. 1706  Just Reflections on a Nonsensical Pasquil 8:
I am apt to apprehend that a Kail-wife at Edinburgh hath been his Nurse.
Sc. 1747  Lyon in Mourning (S.H.S.) I. 189:
He had seen him frequently at Deel speed the leers with the Prince, who humour'd the joke so well that they would have flitten together like twa kail wives.
Abd. 1754  R. Forbes Jnl. from London 29:
They began to misca ane anither like kail-wives.
Ayr. 1822  Galt Steam-boat x.:
The King's kail-wife, or, as they call her in London, his Majesty's herb-woman.
Abd. 1879  G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie liii.:
I promised to tak my dish o' tay wi' auld Mistress Green — the kail-wife, ye ken.
(34) Edb. 1772  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 81:
Braid Claith lends fock an unco heese, Makes mony kail-worms butter-flies.
Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality iv.:
I heard that green kail-worm of a lad name his Majesty's health.
Ayr. 1822  Galt Sir A. Wylie xxv.:
The bonny butterflies begin the warld in the shape o' crawling kailworms.
Ags. 1830  A. Balfour Weeds and Wildflowers 127:
The cabbages are just like ferns wi' the kail-worm.
m.Sc. 1927  J. Buchan Witch Wood x.:
Write it down that Andra Shillinglaw couldna see an honest man beat, and that he didna like kail-worms.
(35) (a) Sc. 1706  Lamont Papers (S.R.S.) 321:
He disponed to him the house, kailyaird, kiln and acre of Moninacre.
Kcd. 1712  Urie Court Bk. (S.H.S.) 116:
Noe cottar nor grass man . . . shall not hinder nor impead the entering tennent to labour the emptie ground of ther kaill yeards at Pasch yeirlie.
Sc. 1715  Hogg Jacobite Relics (1819) I. 83:
A wee wee German lairdie . . . And when we gade to bring him hame, He was delving in his kail-yardie.
Ags. 1749  Dundee Charters, etc. (1880) 127:
That piece of ground or kail yard lying at the south-west end of the Bucklemaker Wynd.
Edb. 1773  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 155:
Poor Butterfly! thy case I mourn, To green Kail-yeard and fruits return.
Sc. 1814  J. Sinclair Agric. Scot. II. 61:
Those who work as day-labourers, in the capacity of hedgers, ditchers, dikers, village-shoemakers, tailors, wrights or joiners, and the like, have now almost universally little gardens, called kail-yards, attached to them.
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xii.:
They . . . had contrived to get feu-rights to their little possessions, their huts, kailyards and rights of commonty.
Rxb. a.1860  J. Younger Autobiog. (1881) 235:
[An] orchard and garden, separated from our kail-yard simply by a gooseberry hedge.
Abd. 1872  W. Forsyth Idylls 167:
Fareweel my auld kail-yard, ilk bush an' ilk tree!
Dmf. 1894  J. Cunningham Broomieburn iii.:
Geordie, ye muckle sumph, ye've letten the auld sow into the kailyard.
Sh. 1952  Shetland News (2 April):
The House of Binnaness, . . . with concrete Boat House, two Piers and Outhouses, partly habitable, Garden and Kaleyard.
(b) Sc. 1895  J. H. Millar in New Review (April) 384:
Mr J. M. Barrie is fairly entitled to look upon himself as pars magna, if not pars maxima, of the Great Kailyard Movement.
Sc. 1896  Dundee Advertiser (1 Aug.):
The Kailyard School is quite photographic in its reproduction of Scottish life and character.
Sc. 1896  Westminster Gazette (7 Nov.):
Among its contributors lately has been one of the minor “Kailyairders.”
Sc. 1903  J. H. Millar Lit. Hist. Scot. 657:
The vogue of Mr Barrie's weaver-bodies and elders of the Original Secession was not long in bringing into the field a host of rivals; and the “Kailyard” School of Literature, as it has been termed, presently burst into existence.
Abd. 1923  A. Shewan Spirat Adhuc Amor 235:
It was a fad of the Head's that we should speak with the accent which the Kailyarders call “Englishy.”
Gsw. 1931  N. Munro Brave Days 146:
Finding myself in danger of being regarded as an earnest adherent of the Kailyard School, I switched off.
Sc. 1933  Edb. Essays on Sc. Lit. 156:
It is this overgrowth of sentiment that stifles almost all life in the “Kail-yard” novels.
Sc. 1945  J. M. Reid Mod. Sc. Liter. 17:
The promise of a new “realistic” school of Scots novel writing which showed itself in George Douglas Brown's House with the Green Shutters seemed to have flickered out — to be, in fact, nothing more than a momentary reaction against the false sentimentality of the “Kailyaird” authors of whom Barrie himself had been by far the ablest.
(36) Sc. 1754  J. Justice Sc. Gardiner 183:
The Kilmaurs Kail are the best of any for boiling in Winter.
Bwk. 1794  A. Bruce Agric. Bwk. 132:
The kind called Kihnaurs, or Scotch kail, are the properest for this purpose [feeding cattle].
Sc. 1803  Prize Essays Highl. Soc. 182:
It approaches nearest, to the red curled colewort of Ayrshire, known in the west by the name of Kilmaurs Kail: but it is still more hardy, and of a stronger growth. Where the seeds of it cannot be procured, the Kilmaurs kail is certainly a good substitute, and the best of all our coleworts, for field culture.
(38) Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 20:
With crowdy mowdy they fed me, Lang-kail and ranty-tanty.
Ayr. 1789  Burns Grose's Peregr. viii.:
It was a faulding jocteleg, Or lang-kail gullie.
Sc. c.1805–18 Jolly Beggars in Child Ballads No. 279 A. 9  :
Out spak our goudwife, an she was not sae shay, He'se gett a dish of lang kell, besids a puss pay.
Sc. 1826  M. Dods Manual (1837) 20:
Popery and made-dishes, eh, Mr Cargill? — Episcopacy, roast-beef and plum-pudding, — and what is left to Presbytery, but its lang-kail, its brose, and mashlum bannocks?
Per. 1845  Royal Caled. Curling Club Annual 82:
The roun' o' beef, in lang kail set, Now smokes upon the table.
Rxb. 1848  R. Davidson Leaves 151:
He ne'er wanted langkail, wi' bannocks and brose.
Abd. 1882  W. Alexander My Ain Folk 141:
Lucky that some fowk cud get plenty o' lang kail an' peel-an' aet potawtos.
(39) Rxb. 1798  R. Douglas Agric. Rxb. 116:
Every cottager has a garden, in which little is planted except potatoes, and sometimes a few cabbages for summer, and, for winter, green or open kail.
(40) Per. 1737  Ochtertyre Ho. Bk. (S.H.S.) 63:
Dinner pan keall.
n.Sc. 1808  Jam.:
Pan-kail. Formerly a superstitious rite pretty generally prevailed in making this species of broth. The meal, which rose as the scum of the pot, was not put in any dish, but thrown among the ashes; from the idea, that it went to the use of the Fairies, who were supposed to feed on it.
Per. c.1890  D. M. Forrester Logiealmond (1944) 146:
Lady Katrine of Logie had “pan-kail” on her table almost every day for dinner, — what we call “meal-kail”, i.e. without any butcher-meat in it.
(42) Sc. 1716  Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1908) 580:
To William Martine, gardiner, for rid kaill apprysed to six pund Scots.
Ayr. 1733  Sc. Journal (1847) I. 223:
The very bow kail and red kail were smitend by the roots.
Sc. 1773  Sc. Farmer I. 241:
I would advise the red Scots kail, as the most hardy plant yet known in this country.
s.Sc. 1793  T. Scott Poems 324:
A wee bit groun', To set red-cail, an' saw a lock Lint-seed upon.
Abd. 1877  W. Alexander Rural Life 130:
Common greens or the not too delicate “red kail”, which had latterly become the exclusive perquisite of the bovine race, and seem now to be much neglected as an article of cultivation.
(43) Sh. 1899  J. Spence Folk-Lore 177:
Cabbage entered largely into the winter dietary, in such preparations as lang kale, short kale, and tartanpurry.
(44) Inv. 1845  Stat. Acc.2 XIV. 467:
It is known by the people as slake kail and is considered, when dressed, good in consumption and scrofula.
(45) Dmf. 1795  Stat. Acc.1 XXI. 450:
Annuals infest it, and destroy the crops; of this kind are gule, wild-kail' day-nettle, charlock, mugwort.
Kcb. 1814  W. Nicholson Poems 18:
O! never saw thy wil,-kail seed Near by the poet's houseless head.

6. Phrs.: (1) caul(d) kail het again. See Cauld, I. 2. (2); (2) kail an' tartan, cabbage and meal porridge (Rs. 1919 T.S.D.C.); (3) kale out of the water, cabbage boiled without stock, as of bacon or pork (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1959); (4) land of kail, Scotland, where broth is a national dish; (5) to earn (get, mak) saut to ane's kail, to make a living (Ork., n.Sc., em.Sc.(a), Lnk., Ayr., Dmf. 1959), to gie ane saut to his kail, (a) to provide one with a living (Per. 1959); (b) to give one a scolding (Fif. 1959); (6) to get one's (gie one his) kail through the reek, to get (give one) a severe scolding or censure, to get (give one) “what for”. Gen.Sc.; (7) to get or hae ane's kail het, id. (Mry., Bnff., Ags., Per. 1959); ¶(8) to gie ane kail o his ain groats, to pay one back in his own coin, to give one tit for tat. Cf. (10); ¶(9) to hae our (your, etc.) kail through the reek, to quarrel, have a set-to, scold (Cai. 1959). Cf. (6); (10) to ken ane's ain groats in ither folk's kail, to recognise one's own ideas when retailed by others; (11) to lep o' somebody's cauld keil, to take another's leavings, esp. fig. in a love affair; (12) to run or win the kail, to win the race at a wedding. See also Kiles and cf. Broose; (13) to scaud ane's lips (tongue) in (wi') ither folk's kail, to interfere, to meddle, “burn one's fingers,” with other people's affairs (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 191; Cai., Ags., Per., Fif. 1959). (4) Sc. 1826  M. Dods Manual (1837) 140:
In some parts of the “land of kail”, broth made of fresh beef would scarcely be tolerated.
(5) Sc. a.1730  A. Pennecuik Collect. Sc. Poems (1787) 26:
I canna' get salt to my kail.
Ayr. 1833  J. Kennedy G. Chalmers 30:
Ye'll no mak saut to your kail o't. Teachin' here, sir, is awee like sellin' gin — plenty to tak it for naething, but unco few willin' to pay for't.
Sc. 1887  A. S. Swan Gates of Eden ii.:
I'm no that auld nor that failed but I can earn saut to my kail yet.
Fif. 1897  G. Setoun G. Malcolm iv.:
John Murdoch couldna mak' saut to his kail at the loom.
(a) Gsw. 1904  J. J. Bell Jess & Co. i.:
He's ower fond o' growin' roses an' pansies — a' vera' fine, . . . but no' the kin' o' things that'll gi'e ye saut to yer kail.
(6) Sc. 1705  Atholl MSS. (18 Jan.):
Ther was something in it [a letter] which made her Gr[ace] give my Lord deuk his kail throw the rike.
m.Lth. 1812  P. Forbes Poems 137:
In the days o' lang syne when wi' Jamie MacFeal, I aft thro' the reek frae him got my kail.
Sc. 1817  Scott Rob Roy xxx.:
If he brings in the Glengyle folk, and the Glenfinlas and Balquidder lads, he may come to gie you your kail through the reek.
Dmb. 1846  W. Cross Disruption ii.:
Whan your auntie's in an ill key, she gars folk hear that's no hearknin'; an' ye ken yoursel', if she did nae gi'e you your kail through the reek.
Abd. 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb iii.:
Tam . . . spoke widely of giving the two disturbers of his enjoyment their “kail throu' the reek some day.”
Ags. 1890  Arbroath Guide (4 Jan.) 6:
Gin I dinna gie her het kale through the reek it cheats me.
Sh. 1899  Shetland News (22 July):
Jeemson an' da boy wis baith gettin' der kail trow da reek.
m.Sc. 1927  J. Buchan Witch Wood i.:
David Leslie gave the King's horsemen their kail through the reek.
(7) Kcb. 1893  Crockett Raiders xxxvi.:
You an' me wull eyther be suppin' oor parritch in Earlstoun kitchen or gettin' oor kale het in anither place, according to circumstances an' upbringin'.
Per. 1894  I. Maclaren Brier Bush 191:
Ma certes, he's had his kail het this mornin'.
(8) Sc. 1819  J. Rennie St Patrick I. v.:
An' how keen ye war tae gie the warlocks kail o' their ain groats.
(9) Sc. 1757  Smollett Reprisal ii. i.:
Traiter me nae traiter, . . . or gude faith you and I maun ha' our kail through the reek.
(10) Sc. 1861  E. B. Ramsay Reminisc. (Ser. 2) 93:
An old lady . . . from whom the “Great Unknown” had derived many an ancient tale, was waited upon one day by the author of “Waverley”. On endeavouring to give the authorship the go-by, the old dame protested, “D'ye think, Sir, I dinna ken my ain groats in ither folk's kail?”
(11) Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 107:
Gin I wad lep o' thee cauld keil, I doot no' that wad plais' thee weel.
(12) ne.Sc. 1874  W. Gregor Olden Time 117:
On coming near the house a few of the swiftest runners of the unmarried set out “to win the kail,” and he or she who did so was the first of the party to be married.
Mry. 1897  C. Rampini Hist. Mry. 310:
About 200 yards from the house the young men [at weddings] formed a line with the object of “running the keal.” This was nothing more than a race. The prize of the winner was a kiss from the bride.
(13) Ayr. 1822  Galt Sir A. Wylie cii.:
Settle thysel', Mizy, and dinna scaud thy lips in other folks' kail.
Lth. 1920  A. Dodds Songs 5:
Never scaud yer ain tongue wi' ither folk's kail.

[O.Sc. kaill = 1., 1546, = 3., c.1530, kaill-bell, 1685, kaill-pot, 1584, kaitl runtt, 1602, kail-stock, a.1646, kaill wiff, 1569, kailȝard, 1568, O.E. cāl.]

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"Kail n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/kail_n>

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