Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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JAUD, n. Also ja(a)d, jadd, jawd, jaude. Dims. ja(u)die, -y. [dʒ:d, dʒɑ:d]

1. A mare, a horse, gen. contemptuously (ne.Sc., Ags., Rxb. 1959). Fif. c.1700  R. Ford Vagabond Songs (1904) 281:
There was hay to ca', and lint to lead . . . And yet the jaud to dee!
Sc. 1822  Scott F. Nigel iii.:
I had the ill-luck to hit his jaud o' a beast on the nose with my hat, and scaur the creature.
Rxb. 1826  A. Scott Poems 108:
I never stood to fidge an' fling, Like jads that take the fret.
Abd. 1933  N. Shepherd Pass in Grampians v.:
Swearin' at me like a carter at his jaud.

2. Extended uses, gen. also with a pejorative force, though sometimes merely playfully: (1) of other animals. Gen.Sc. Kcb. 1897  T. Murray Frae the Heather 44:
The jad [cow] frae the first had inclined for to fling.
m.Sc. 1917  J. Buchan Poems 46:
And syne he [a fish] turned a dorty jaud, Sulkin' far doun amang the stanes.
Abd. 1929  J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 93:
Some aul' wily jauds o' kye wisna mowse to keep richt.

(2) of a woman, usu. as a term of reprobation: a hussy, a perverse female. Gen.Sc. Also fig. of Fortune, etc. Rarely applied to a man. Phr. to play the jad, to play the wanton, be false. Freq. with playful force in the dim. (Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie x.; Sc. 1887 Jam.). Wgt. 1704  Kirkinner Session Rec. MS. (4 Dec.):
He called the landlady bitch and jadd when refuseing him more ale.
Sc. 1715  Letters relating to the '15 (1730) 68:
I suppose you know that Lawers has play'd the Jad; tho' a great many of his Men have deserted him.
Edb. 1720  A. Pennecuik Helicon 54:
An ill natur'd Jad, with Besom of Hairs, Sweeps me and my Plenishing down the Stairs.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Holy Fair ix.:
Here sits a raw o' tittlan jads, Wi' heaving breasts an' bare neck.
Peb. 1805  J. Nicol Poems I. 120:
Yet Fortune's sic a thrawart jad, Nae man can drive her wi' a gaud.
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xiii.:
And you, ye thowless jadd, to sit still and see my substance disponed upon to an idle . . . serving-man, just because he kittles the lugs o' a silly auld wife wi' useless clavers.
Sh. 1891  J. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 46:
O sic a jadd as Baabie is — I wiss some man wid tak her.
Ork. 1904  Dennison Sketches 6:
De witless jads kent no' whar tae stick the fish.
Slk. 1914  Southern Reporter (17 Dec.) 9:
Impident jaud! Her an' her “feart”.
Abd. 1946  J. C. Milne Orra Loon 13:
Cursed be the clypin, kecklin', reid-faced jauds!

(3) Of a thing: an old, or useless article (ne.Sc., Fif. 1959). Edb. 1844  J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie ii.:
I screwed up the auld jaud [a fiddle]'s heart strings and gaured her speak.

3. Phr.: Yeel's jaad, one who has nothing new to wear at Christmas (ne.Sc. 1881 W. Gregor Folk-Lore 157). See also Yuil, Eel's shard s.v. Eel, n.3, Yaud, and Pace.

[O.Sc. jad, of a horse, 1609, of a woman, 1624. Of uncertain orig. but prob. a conflation of Yaud, q.v. with Eng. jade (of unknown etym.), both of which have similar meanings.]

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"Jaud n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2018 <>



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