Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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IVER, adj. Also ivver, ever, eever. Upper; in place-names applied to the higher of two places of the same name (Rxb. 1825 Jam., Sc. 1911 S.D.D., eever; ne.Sc. 1919 T.S.D.C. III. 25; Ork., Abd., Rxb. 1958), gen. compounded as in Iverha, Iver Mains, Iverton, Everbist. [′ɪvər, ′i:v-, ′v-] Rxb. 1767  Craig & Laing Hawick Trad. (1898) 235:
Down the Iver Burn.
Rxb. 1825  Jam.:
A term applied to places where there are two of the same name, denoting that which is uppermost, or farthest up the hill, reckoning from the bed of the nearest river; as Iver Nisbet, Iver Crailing.
Ork. 1915  Old-Lore Misc. VIII. I. 44:
Awa ap api' da breck abeun Biggins, on da iver side o da Burn o Villis.

Combs.: 1. iver-sell, see quot.; 2. ivver-ski, see quot. and cf. Earsky. 1. Mry. 1909  Colville 147:
The rope which passed over the cow's head and connected the two wooden checks of the branks or headstall was the iver or over-sell.
2. Ork. 1903  G. Marwick Old Roman Plough (1936) 8:
The wing or sproll of the markal pin sticks out from the right hand side of the plough and does duty the same as the mouldboard or cupper of the present day . . . has three holes bored in it perpendicular to the plane of the ground. . . . The next and last is the ivver ski — or upper ski; the lower end of this pin must project four fingers' breadth below the wing of the markal pin.

[A variant of Over (for phonology cf. Ither); O.Sc. uvir, O.E. yferra, uferra, id. The I.Sc. forms represent O.N. yfir-, efri-, id.]

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"Iver adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2018 <>



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