Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

ITHER, adj., pron., adv. Also idder (Sh., ne.Sc.), edder (Bnff. 1949 Banffshire Jnl. (8 Nov.)). Sc. forms and usages of Eng. other. See also Tither. [Sc. ′ɪðɛr, Sh., ne.Sc. ′ɪdɪr, s.Sc. ′ðɛr]

Sc. usages:

I. adj. 1. Esp. with def. art. or before a numeral: further, additional, successive, more. Gen.(exc. I.)Sc. Now obs. or dial. in Eng. Wgt. 1725  Session Rec. Whithorn MS. (6 May):
To Jean Stewart . . . 00 12 0 To other two people . . 00 02 0
Edb. c.1730  W. Mitchell Tinklarian 10:
The king was turn'd canty with the other gill.
Ayr. 1786  Burns To J. Smith ii.:
And ev'ry ither pair [of shoes] that's done, Mair taen I'm wi' you.
m.Lth. 1788  J. Macaulay Poems 120:
An' gin you will nae mair your laddie scorn, I'll maybe bring you ither ten the morn.
Abd. 1847  G. Rust Poems 110:
Buildin' up the ither shell O' iron ships.
ne.Sc. 1884  D. Grant Lays 100:
An aye the ither stoup gaed roun'.
Ags. 1887  A. D. Willock Rosetty Ends 141:
Auld Ebenezer toddled oot an' in, gettin' aye the ither bit troke dune for him.
Sc. 1902  P. H. Brown Hist. Scot. II. 363:
The victory of Worcester . . . shortened the reign of Charles [II] by other nine years.

2. Combs.: (1) ithergates, (a) otherwise; (b) elsewhere (em.Sc.(a) 1958); (2) itherroads, = (1) (a) (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Fif., Lnk., Uls. 1958); (3) ither some, pron., some others, others. Arch. or dial. in Eng.; (4) itherwhere(s), adv., elsewhere, in or to another place (n.Sc., m.Lth., Lnk., Kcb. 1958); (5) otherwhiles, at other times (Sc. 1903 E.D.D.; Abd., Ags., Uls. 1958); (6) itherwise, -wyse, otherwise, in another manner. Gen.Sc. See also III. (3) Ayr. 1792  Burns John, come Kiss i.:
And ither some will kiss and daut.
Sc. 1827  W. Motherwell Minstrelsy 298:
Some of them has roosed their hawks, And other some their hounds.
Bnff. 1869  W. Knight Auld Yule 104:
Some tak' their seats, and ithersome Stan' chattin' wi' their joes.
Cld. 1882  A. Nimmo Cld. Songs 110:
When old John Knox and other some Began to plott the bags of Rome.
(4) Ayr. 1786  Burns Ep. to Davie vii.:
There's wit there, ye'll get there, Ye'll find nae other where.
Cai. 1896  J. Horne Canny Countryside 48:
His mind's aye itherwheres fan it should be here.
Fif. 1933  J. Ressich Thir Braw Days 44:
If things wis poorly here they micht be a thocht brichter ither-where.
(6) Fif. 1894  J. Menzies Our Town 58:
When I was young I thocht itherwise.

II. pron. 1. recipr.: each other, one another (‡Sh., ne.Sc., w., sm. and s.Sc., Uls. 1958). Sc. 1710  R. Sibbald Fife & Knr. (1803) 77:
After they had viewed other a while, the Scots fell in upon them with a loud shout.
Abd. 1755  R. Forbes Jnl. from London 34:
They might aet ither . . . for ony thing that I car'd.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Twa Dogs 221:
But hear their absent thoughts o' ither.
Rxb. 1808  A. Scott Poems 32:
Sin' we twa thus began to crack wi' ither.
Edb. 1864  W. Fergusson Poems 55:
But ithers' thochts we weel could read, And ithers' hearts divine.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona xv.:
Lookin' at ither like daft folk.
Uls. 1897  A. M'Ilroy When Lint was in the Bell v.:
Fallin' doon on the grun', rowin ower ither a time or twa, an' then jumpin' up, shootin' “Hallelujah”?
m.Sc. 1927  J. Buchan Witch Wood ix.:
Me and the minister has something to say to ither.

Phrs.: (1) aither wi ither, one with the other, together (of two); (2) in o ither, together, in(to) one compacted whole (Cai., ne.Sc., Ags., Per. 1958); into grips. To lat in o ither, to allow to fight (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 101); (3) out o ither, apart, in(to) pieces, in disorder or disintegration, the opposite of (2) (Cai., ne.Sc., Per. 1958); (4) through or throw ither, see Throughither. (1) Cld. 1887  Jam.:
Jist see thae twa aither wi' ither how thai gae on!
(2) Abd. 1929  J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 38:
Gin they wid learn them 'at they cud pit a troch in o' idder.
ne.Sc. 1958  :
The twa dogs flew in o ither.
(3) Bnff. 1866  W. Knight Auld Yule 10:
The puir scawt duds upon my back Are hinging oot o' ither.
Abd. 1952 29 :
Ye'll hae tae get redd o that aul' cheer, it's a' hingin' oot-o-idder.

2. Each preceding one, of a sequence, esp. in phr. eftir ither, †ithers, in turn, in succession, one after another (n. and em.Sc., Lnk., Slk. 1958). Obs. in Eng. Edb. 1728  Private MS. per
I past to the mercate cross of [Edinburgh], pear and shoar of Leith respective and successive ane after others and there at each one of the said respective places after my crying of three severall oyeses open proclamations.
Ags. 1897  G. A. Mackay Where the Heather Grows 165:
Ane efter ither, the lads I kent tak' their ain wye.

3. As pl.: others, other people [the orig. pl. form, now obs. in Eng., O.E. ōðre]. Sc. 1710  T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis s.v. hoppand:
In some places of Scotland they call it Hipping, in other Happing.
Abd. 1826  D. Anderson Poems 98:
The lasses look'd what ither had Roun' them o' braw clouts on O' claise that day.
Abd. 1899  W. Geddes J. Geddes 46:
Deil hurry them 'at hurries ither.

III. Used adv.: otherwise, else (I., n., e. and wm.Sc., Uls. 1958). Ony ither, nae(thing) ither, anything (nothing) else; nae ither o't, nothing else for it; what (fat) ither, what else? naturally, of course (ne. and wm.Sc. 1958). See also I. 2. Ayr. 1786  Burns Jolly Beggars Song iii. iii.:
But what could ye other expect Of ane that's avowedly daft?
Abd. 1787  A. Shirrefs Jamie & Bess v. i.:
'Bout naething ither maist he thinks or speaks.
Abd. 1868  G. Macdonald R. Falconer i. xx.:
“Is he yer brither, than?” asked Robert. “Ay, what ither?”
Lnk. 1880  Clydesdale Readings 141:
I had nae ither o't but swallow my mortification.
Sh. 1900  Shetland News (10 March):
We öt dem, av coorse. What idder wir we gaen ta dü. . . . Der nae idder for hit.
Abd. 1915  H. Beaton Benachie 205:
Far are ye gaun? Turra! Far sorra idder?
Bnff. 1924  Swatches o' Hamespun 12:
Catch a dominie deein ony idder.
Bnff. 1956  Banffshire Jnl. (21 Aug.):
Sometimes fin I hae naething ither tae dee.

[The i forms are not found in O.Sc. which has gen. uther, O.E. ōðer. This suggests that there was a shortening of the vowel at the ui [ø:, y:] stage with unrounding, as in Brither, Fit, Mither. Cf. P.L.D. § 35.]

Ither adj., pron., adv.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Ither adj., pron., adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Dec 2017 <>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND:

Browse Up
Browse Down