Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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ILK, adj.2, pron. Also ilke.

I. adj. Each, every, of two or more. Now mainly liter. and replaced by Ilka. Ayr. 1709  Arch. & Hist. Coll. Ayr. & Wgt. IV. 240:
The persewer to prove that ilk yokeing of land gave 7 merk.
Gsw. 1717  Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1908) 628:
Ilk person who laid doun the said dung or gathered the said midden.
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 34:
Intill her face ilk sweet an' bony draught Came till it sell.
Edb. 1772  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 83:
Whare I was keppit wi' the heavy tale That sets ilk dowie sangster to bewail.
Ayr. 1790  Burns Tam o' Shanter 220:
Ilk man, and mother's son, take heed.
Sc. 1817  Scott Bonnie Dundee iii. in Doom of Devorgoil (1834) ii. ii.:
As he rode down the sanctified bends of the Bow, Ilk carline was flyting and shaking her pow.
Rnf. 1870  J. Nicholson Idylls 51:
Ye've heard hoo the de'il, as he wauchel'd through Beith Wi' a wife in ilk oxter, an' ane in his teeth.
Ags. 1923  V. Jacob Songs of Ags. 42:
But time drives forrit; and on ilk December There waits a New Year yet.

Comb.: ilk-day's, everyday, customary, ordinary. Cf. Ilka, 2. (3). Sc. 1720  T. Boston Fourfold State 374:
He must take up his ilk Day's Cross.

II. pron. Each one, every one. Sc. 1756  Scots Mag. (Jan.) 17:
Ableins they'll tak it in their heads, Ilk to tak wives to warm their beds.
Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 6:
Straight down the steep they slide wi' canny care, Ilk at the ither's en', frae stump to stane.
Rxb. 1821  A. Scott Poems 25:
For by this time nae bands are made, Ilk down their handfu's lay.
Edb. 1869  J. Smith Poems 4:
The foremost three held ilk the croon O' story-tellin' craft.
Sc. a.1894  Stevenson New Poems (1918) 38:
When it's time to take the gate Tak' ilk his ain.
Abd. 1916  G. Abel Wylins 22:
We'll see, when ilk comes till his ain, fa wis the biggest feel.
m.Sc. 1917  J. Buchan Poems 53:
Paiks maun be tholed by ilk alane.

III. Combs.: 1. ilk an(e), -een (n.Sc.), each one, every one, of two or more, everybody, all and sundry (Edb. 1720 A. Pennecuik Helicon 67, ilkan; ne.Sc., Ags., Fif., Rxb. 1958). Also ilkin, and ¶ilken, used adj. = every (Slk. 1817 Hogg Poet. Mirror 196); 2. ilk ither, each other, one another (Ags., Rxb. 1958); 3. ilk-whair, everywhere. 1. Kcd. 1701  Urie Court Bk. (S.H.S.) 112:
The said day amerciatis John Maule in Glithnoe, and Allexander Duncane ther, ilke ane of them in fyftie poundis Scotis.
Sc. 1721  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 75:
Ilk ane their Gifts down flang.
Abd. 1819  in J. Burness Plays, etc . 301:
Ye're nae ilk ane, for depend, I seldom sae far condescend, As sha' my scrawls to ony body.
Sc. 1824  Scott Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
Yell on yell gied the Laird, ilk ane mair awfu' than the ither.
Bch. 1929  Abd. Univ. Rev. (March) 129:
The vrichts, A suppose, wiz wullin' aneuch, but ilkeen o' them wiz feart for lossin' his custom.
2. Ayr. c.1786  Burns Twa Herds ix.:
And names, like villain, hypocrite, Ilk ither gi'en.
Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality iv.:
If they come to lounder ilk ither, as they did the last time, suldna I cry on you?
Edb. 1851  A. Maclagan Sketches 56:
But the twa puir folk like statues stood, Mute, gazing on ilk ither.
Ags. 1920  A. Gray Songs 16:
They speak to ilk ither a language, Sae bonny and couthy and bien.
3. Ayr. 1789  D. Sillar Poems 95:
My praise is ilk-whair yelpit.

[O.Sc. ilk, each, every, from 1375, of two, from c.1420, ilk dayis, c.1470, North.Mid.Eng. ylk, North.O.E. ylc; O.E. (Wessex) œlc, the source of Eng. each.]

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"Ilk adj.2, pron.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2018 <>



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