Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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HUND, n., v. Also hun(n) (Rnf. 1777 J. Glen Antiburgher Presentor Detected 13; Dmf. 1829 W. Caesar Jaunt 13; Abd. 1909 J. Tennant Jeannie Jaffray 88); hoon(d) (Mry.1 1925, hoon; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein, Rxb. 1942 Zai); houn (Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 220; Sc. 1829 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1863) II. 41); hunnie (Kcd.); hond(i), hønd(i) (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)). Sc. forms of Eng. hound, n. and v. (Sc. 1740 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) II. 135; Slk. 1829 Hogg Shepherd's Cal. (1874) i.; Ags. 1906–11 Rymour Club Misc. I. 47; Knr. 1925 H. Haliburton Horace 138). [Sc. hʌn(d), hun(d); also, after Eng., hʌun Sh., Ayr., Dmf.]

Sc. usages:

I. n. A dog in gen. (Sc. 1808 Jam.; ne.Sc. 1881 W. Gregor Folk-Lore 19, hunn; Ork. 1922 J. Firth Reminisc. 152). Gen.Sc. Sh. 1897  Shetland News (24 July):
He's clappid on yon üseless hund o' his apon his black hug.

Combs.: 1. earth hun, see Erd; 2. Hun-dog, a dog used for hunting, esp. of the lurcher type (Cai., ne.Sc. 1957); 3. hun-fish, a houndfish, a name given to a species of small shark or dogfish; 4. hund-hunger, the ravenous appetite of a dog or hound (n.Sc. 1825 Jam.). Adj. comb. hund-hungry, as ravenous as a dog (Ib.); 5. hound's tongue, wound wort, Stachys palustris (Mry. 1839 G. Gordon Flora Mry. 19, Mry.1 1925). 3. Crm. 1829  H. Miller Herring Fishing 38:
The . . . hun-fish . . . a voracious formidable animal of the shark species, frequently makes great havock among the tackle with which cod and haddock are caught.

II. v. 1. To chase, pursue, as by a dog (Kcd. 1957, hunnie). Also fig. and in curling: to urge a stone on by sweeping. Dmf. 1778  Burnbrae Papers MSS.:
Farther doun the stream little Robin with his gallant companions managed their besoms and hunned hard to the utter confusion of their adversaries.
Dmf. 1874  R. Reid Moorland Rhymes 20:
The mawkin, houn'd wi' fear, Gaed like a glouf the bracken through.

2. In working a sheepdog: to send a dog out round stock to gather them in (Dmf. 1957); with away, to drive sheep away from the shepherd while he stands still (Ib.).

3. Of a male dog: to run about from place to place after females (Sc. 1911 S.D.D. Add., hun; Abd., Lnk. 1957).

4. Phrs.: (1) to hund mischief, to incite someone else to do mischief without being involved oneself (Rxb. 1825 Jam.); (2) to h(o)und out, to encourage or instigate wrong-doing (Sc. Ib.). Hence hounding out, instigation [hound out, in O.Sc. from 1581, hounding-out from 1587]. (2) Sc. 1797  D. Hume Punishment of Crimes I. 435:
Perhaps it is with reference to this sort of counsel, concilium cum ope, that some of those authorities are to be understood, which speak of instigation, (or hounding out as it is termed with us), as amounting to art and part.

[O.Sc. hund, n. from 1375, v. from 1561. For the alternation of [ʌ] and [u] cf. note to Grund.]

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"Hund n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Dec 2018 <>



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