Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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GUST, n.1, v.1 Also guist, goust. [Sc. gust, gʌst; Ayr., Rxb. + gʌust]

I. n. A taste, pleasant flavour, relish (Dmf. 1925 Trans. Dmf. & Gall. Antiq. Soc. 28, guist; Ayr. 1955); †taste, preference. Sc. 1716  A Key to the Plot 27:
Seeing divers Mens Gusts may vary.
Ayr. 1787  Burns Guidwife of Wauchope iv.:
The gust o' joy, the balm of woe, . . . Is rapture-giving Woman.
Edb. 1791  J. Learmont Poems 198–99:
Gluttons . . . Mish-mashin' creatures for their greed or gust.
Abd. 1793  “Tam Thrum” Look before ye Loup 29:
We have health an' a gude stamach, an' that gies a gust to the maist hamely fare.
Fif. 1838  W. Tennant Anster Fair 35:
Enjoyed their lives wi' sic ane gust, As David wha sleeps here in dust.
Gall. 1843  J. Nicholson Hist. Tales 77:
The female cannibals . . . fell to sucking her blood with as great a gust, as if it had been wine.

Hence 1. gustfu', adj., (1) full of flavour, tasty (Sc. 1825 Jam.); (2) zestful, relishing. Hence gustfully, adv., zestfully, with gusto; 2. gustie, -y, adj., (1) tasty, savoury, appetising (Ayr. 1923 Watson Dial. Burns, Ayr. 1955). Also in n.Eng. dial.; ¶(2) having a keen or discriminating appetite; 3. gustily, adv., tastily, with taste or gusto; 4. gustless, adj., having no sense of taste, tasteless (‡Slg., Fif. 1955); not in good taste. 1. (1) Sc. 1828  Blackwood's Mag. (May) 595:
All the eatables were highly gustful.
(2) Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 141:
The flocks . . . . . . round the haystack crowding, pluck the stalks O' withered bent, wi' gustfu' hungry bite.
Sc. 1892  Stevenson & Osbourne Wrecker v.:
Gustfully ordering and greedily consuming imaginary meals.
2. (1) Sc. 1721  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 160:
The rantin Germans, Russians, and the Poles, Shall feast with Pleasure on our gusty Sholes.
Edb. 1772  R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 9:
Sma' are our cares, our stamacks fou O' gusty gear.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Sc. Drink ix.:
An' just a wee drap sp'ritual burn in, An' gusty sucker!
Rxb. 1808  A. Scott Poems 84:
For gustie tarts an' cauler punch Gar rosy cheeks look bonny.
Sc. 1822  Scott F. Nigel xxvii.:
Nobody among these brave English cooks can kittle up his Majesty's most sacred palate with our own gusty Scottish dishes.
Mry. 1824  J. Cock Hamespun Lays 103:
This toumans twa, I wat, I'll min', We had some gustie drams.
Per. a.1869  C. Spence Poems (1898) 78:
The beer that was made o' this bear was sae gusty It filled a' the farmers in Perth roarin' fu'!
Edb. 1916  T. W. Paterson Wyse-Sayin's ix. 17:
Bread, that's gotten by hiddlins, Maks a gustie bit bite.
(2) Edb. 1791  J. Learmont Poems 83:
Lat gusty gabs chew the wheat bread, And synd it down wi' claret red.
3. Fif. 1827  W. Tennant Papistry Storm'd 67:
There he took hole like a rabbit, And denner'd gustily with th' abbot.
Sc. 1832  Fraser's Mag. (Sept.) 151:
How roundly and gustily, and with what sportsmanlike precision, the matter is set forth!
Sc.(E) 1913  H. P. Cameron Imit. Christ i. xxiv.:
Ye'se be mair confortit acause ye hae prayed gracilie nor acause ye hae fared gustily.
4. Per. 1766  A. Nicol Poems 16:
From gustless gabs that cannot taste of love.
Lnk. 1877  W. Watson Poems 33:
But in case Ye think that roosin' to yer face Is gustless, I sal mak' an en' o't.

II. v. †1. intr. (1) To taste, to have a good taste. Sc. 1723  R. Wodrow Analecta (M.C.) III. 31:
I thought my preaching would never gust in their gab after they had heard such a notable and choice sermon.

(2) To smell, to have a bad smell, to stink (Ags. 1955). ne.Sc. 1714  R. Smith Poems 65:
You Idle, Drunken, Brain-sick sots, Ye make my Pen gust in my Nose.

2. tr. To give a flavour or relish to; (1) freq. in phr. to gust the gab, to delight the palate, to whet the appetite, to fill the mouth with tasty food or drink (Abd., Fif. 1955). Also fig; †(2) fig. to stop someone's mouth, to silence; †(3) to season food or drink. Rare. (1) Sc. 1722  W. Hamilton Wallace 39:
To them duly in good Waggons came All Things to gust the Gab, and cram the Wame.
Per. 1766  A. Nicol Poems 94:
Good hailsome whisky ay took we To gust our gums.
Edb. 1773  R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 57:
Imprimis, then, a haggis fat, . . . Had help'd to gust the stirrah's mow.
Abd. 1795  A. Shirrefs Sale Catal. 7:
To hap his back, or gust his noddle.
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xii.:
It's a shame to see the like o' them gusting their gabs at sic a rate.
Slk. 1822  Hogg Siege of Rxb. (1874) iii.:
The deil sal bake me into a ker-cake to gust his gab wi', afore I see that saucy tike ta'en off in sic a way.
Ags. 1891  Brechin Advertiser (6 Jan.) 3:
Four quarters o' a gimmer To gust their gabs.
Lnk. 1893  J. Crawford Sc. Verses 69:
For sic a wee drumshorlin' creature [mouse] Wad scarcely gust her teegur natur'.
Sc. 1894  N. Dickson Auld Scotch Precentor 33:
I aye like to gust my gab twice wi' the guid an godly lines — ance in the readin' an' ance in the singin'.
Ayr. 1913  J. Service Memorables 82:
Fine do I like to gust my gab Wi't [the Scots tongue] when I meet you.
Fif. 1938  St Andrews Cit. (29 Jan.) 3:
To gust their gabs they sune began — Roast beef an' tawties, veal an' ham.
(2) Rxb. 1923  Watson W.-B.:
A goustit his gab for 'im.
(3) Edb. 1773  R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 52:
Ha'e ye nae breeding, that you shaw your nose Anent my sweetly gusted cordial dose.
  Ib. 84:
. . . gentler banes, On easy-chair that pamper'd lie, Wi' banefu' viands gustit high.

[O.Sc. has gust(e), goust, taste, relish, from 1456; to taste, from c.1460, to be agreeable to the taste, from 1490, to gust the mouth, c.1470; gustand, smelling, 1513; from Lat. gustus, gustare. ]

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"Gust n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/gust_n1_v1>

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