Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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GUM, n.1 Also g(u)im (Per., Fif., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson), goom (Sc. 1732 in Six Saints (D. H. Fleming 1901) II. 106).

Sc. usages and forms of Eng. gum. For ne.Sc. forms, see Geem and for Sh. form, see Goom. [‡m. and s.Sc. gøm, gym, gɪm]

Sc. usage in comb. gum-stick, †-stock, (1) a stick (or other object) used by a child while teething (m.Lth., Ayr. 1955); †(2) a fishermen's tabu-name for the “kavel- or kavlin-tree, a cylindrical piece of wood with a small crook of iron at the end, for extracting the hook when the fish has swallowed it too far down” (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)), gen. in Sh. form goom. (1) Sc. 1748  H. Tayler Seven Sons of the Provost (1949) 215:
My wife is to send her a gum stock. The town of Edin. could not afford a coral for it, which is sent for to London.
Sc. 1769  W. Buchan Dom. Medicine 23:
A crust of bread is the best gum-stick.
Edb. 1828  D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch (1898) vi.:
Welsh flannel petticoaties — demity wrappers — a coral gumstick, and other uncos.
Gsw. 1838  A. Rodger Poems 130:
Royal babies! Royal prattles, With Royal gum-sticks, bells, and rattles.

[The form goome is found in O.Sc. 1629.]

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"Gum n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Feb 2019 <>



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