Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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GUIDWIFE, n. Also gud-, good-, gud-, geud-; gweed-, gueed- (ne.); †guide-. [For phonetics, see Guid; accented ′wəif.]

1. (1) The female head of a household, the mistress. Gen.Sc. Freq. used as a polite form of address. Also in n.Eng. dial. Sc. 1702  Atholl MSS. (23 July):
I would be very glad to have the honour to see your ladyship and my Uncle heer now when I am good wife of the house.
Lnk. 1724  P. Walker Life A. Peden 64:
When the Lad came to the House, the Good-wife hasted, and gave him Meat to them.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Halloween vii.:
The auld Guidwife's weel-hoordet nits Are round an' round divided.
Ags. 1788  Carmyllie Session Rec. MS. (7 March):
Her Goodwife upbraided her when she came back, for staying so long.
Rxb. 1820  Scots Mag. (Aug.) 130:
The milk would instantly be bewitched, and . . . the honest gudewife would take from the churn stuff no better than dishwater.
Sc. 1824  Scott Redgauntlet, Letter x.:
“Ay, ye might have said in braid Scotland, gudewife,” added the fiddler.
Sc. 1847  R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 296:
Get up, goodwife, and shake your feathers, And dinna think that we are beggars; For we are bairns come out to play, Get up and gie's our hogmanay!
ne.Sc. 1874  Gregor Olden Time 118–119:
The last act of her installation as “gueedwife” was leading her to the girnal, or mehl-bowie, and pressing her hand into the meal as far as possible.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 5:
The geudwife was oot under de end o' the byre trampan' blankids i' a muckle tub.

(2) The mistress of a farm, gen. with the name of the farm specified (‡ne.Sc., Ags., em.Sc., Ayr. 1955), “a female farmer, a woman who manages a farm” (Sc. 1825 Jam.). Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality iv.:
They say the twa reiving loons drave the cow frae the gudewife o' Bell's-moor.
Bnff. 1847  A. Cumming Tales 37:
“An' the kye's awa; an' the capons, and the cabbage stocks,” said auld Sarah Geddes, the guidwife of Ordifish.
Abd. 1867  W. Anderson Rhymes 69:
My granny becam' The guidewife o' a seven-plough farm.
Abd. 1936  D. Bruce Cried on Sunday 6:
It's jist Weeda M'Robbie an' the gweedwife o' Cassyen! Ye'll be pitten them i' the kitchie.

In phr. hale guidwife an half gudeman, used of a managing, domineering woman (Abd.27 1950). ne.Sc. 1884  D. Grant Lays 93:
An' watched her plot an' plan, Till she had risen frae whole gudewife To mair than half gudeman.

(3) The landlady or mistress of an inn (Cai. 1900 E.D.D.). Ayr. 1790  Burns Guidwife Chorus:
Then, guidwife, count the lawin, And bring a coggie mair!
Mry. 1851  Lintie o' Moray (Cumming) 52:
The “White Horse” is her sign . . . She's a jewel o' a good gude-wife.
Sc. 1894  Scots Mag. (June) 5:
“We'll jest ha'e anither gill for auld lang syne. Here goodwife,” he shouted, “anither gill o' yer best!”

†(4) The female head of an institution, a matron, housekeeper. Cf. Guidman, n., 2. (2). Abd. 1715  E. Bain Merchant Guilds (1887) 173:
The Master of Hospital was ordained to pay the “Goodwife” of the Hospital weekly.

2. A wife (Sh., n.Sc., Ags., m.Lth., Ayr., s.Sc. 1955). Sometimes used vocatively. Per. 1711  T. L. K. Oliphant Lairds of Gask (1870) 18:
Give my service to your Lady to the young Goodwife and to hir husband.
Sc. 1751  Charmer II. 58:
Down in yon meadow a couple did tarie, The goodwife she drank naithing but sack and canary.
Sc. 1776  D. Herd Sc. Songs II. 172:
Our goodman came hame at e'en . . . “What's this now, goodwife?”
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xiii.:
The young gudewife, strong in the charms of her Sunday gown and biggonets.
Abd. 1827  J. Imlah May Flowers 20:
A cantie an' couthie gudewife is my Katie.
Edb. 1856  J. Ballantine Poems 113:
John Thamson's gudewife cam her liege lord to seek.
em.Sc. 1896  (a) “I. Maclaren” Kate Carnegie 73:
It was rare to hear a man call his wife by name; it was usually “gudewife.”
Kcb. 1898  T. Murray Frae the Heather 116:
Get up, gudewife, and clean my shoon.
Sc. 1926  “H. M'Diarmid” Penny Wheep 22:
But oot my gudewife cam' an' straucht To rate the slut begood.

[O.Sc. has gud(e)wife, guid-, good-, in sense 1. above, from 1375.]

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"Guidwife n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/guidwife>

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