Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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GRAVAT, n. Also gravit, -et, grauvat, -et, -it, graavat, -it, gravatt(e), grawvat; †gravate (Abd. 1704 in T. Mair Ellon Par. Rec. (1898) 287); gravad (Cai.9 1939), see P.L.D. § 158. Sc. forms of Eng. cravat. Also in n.Eng. dial. [Sc. ′grɑ: vət, but Cai. -vəd, m.Sc. ′gr: vət]

1. Lit. A scarf or muffler, now gen. one of wool; †a cravat. Gen.Sc. Edb. 1701  D. Robertson S. Leith Rec. (1925) 4:
He took hold of his gravatt with one hand and haveing his kane in the other hand threatened to beat him three severall tymes.
Abd. 1710  Abd. Jnl. N. & Q. VII. 126:
For 7 ells musselen to be six gravets to myself and tuo hoods to my wife.
Edb. 1773  R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 42:
Gi'e me my sark an' gravat; I'se be as braw's the Deacon is Whan he taks affidavit.
Per. 1802  S. Kerr Poems 59:
His gravat, that was wont in genty plies To be by Nelly, triggit out sae snod, About his neck right carelessly he ties.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 105:
Saw him wi his Sunday's co't, A reid gravat aroond his t'ro't.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona xviii.:
A long hairy-like man's greatcoat and a big gravatt.
Sh. 1916  J. Burgess Rasmie's Smaa Murr, Dezember 18:
Da waarmest graavits is da lasses' airms.
wm.Sc. 1934  T. Smellie Tea-Pairty 41:
“An' tell yer maw,” says I, “that a knittet grawvat wid be faur mair comfortabler than a string o' beads on a cauld nicht.”
Ags. 1945  Scots Mag. (Feb.) 334:
I noticed the dominie had on his grand tail-coat, his fine gravit, and his Sabbath breeks.

Phrs.: (1) a Scotch gravat, another's arm around one's neck, an embrace (Ags. 1955); (2) a sweep's gravat, a string of black puddings (Ayr.9 1955); (3) to be licht abeen the gravat, to be empty-headed, silly, frivolous (Abd.27 1955).

2. Fig. The hangman's noose; gen. preceded by hemp(en), etc. Arch. or liter. Ags. 1790  D. Morison Poems 130:
E'en let him tak a dance, In a hemp gravat, on yon lonely tree.
wm.Sc. 1837  Laird of Logan 197:
After the victim was cut down, Bauldy [the city executioner] mounted the beam . . . “Now . . . ye see how neatly I can do a job; there's no ane o' your wizzened necks, that I'll no gie a gravit for drug cheap!”
ne.Sc. 1884  D. Grant Lays 44:
But ye'll girn through hempen gravat Gin I dee upo' the road.
Arg. 1898  N. Munro John Splendid xviii.:
MacColkitto . . . was for the tow gravatte on the spot. Instead we were put on parole.
Sc. 1931  J. Lorimer Red Sergeant 17:
I seemed to see my friend with the hempen gravatte round his neck.

[O.Sc. has gravat(e), gravatt, a cravat, from 1658. For interchange of c and g, cf. G, 6.]

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"Gravat n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/gravat>

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