Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
GANFER, n. Also ganfir, gamfer, gaenfore; gonfer(t) (Marw.), -for.
1. A ghost, apparition (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., ganfir; Ork. 1922 J. Firth Reminisc. 151; Ork. 1929 Marw.; ‡Sh. 1954); “an apparition of a living person in a place where he is not corporeally present; supposed to be a portent of the person's death” (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.).
Ork. 1774 G. Low Tour (1879) 8:
There are many other particulars of this kind of folly still remaining among the more ignorant vulgar as . . . deaths by death-lights . . . or by Ghosts, here called Ganfers. Sh. 1822 S. Hibbert Descr. Shet. 548:
“Ganfers” or ghosts are . . . very commonly seen, particularly by the sagacious shelty. Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 162:
A person likely to die was said to be fey, and a gaenfore or feyness was a prelude of death. Ork. 1912 Old-Lore Misc. V. ii. 70:
Atween dem baith he saw his son coman' . . . Hid was his gonfer, for when he met dem dere was juist de twa weeman.
2. (1) An atmospheric sign or phenomenon; a portent; (2) “any supernatural phenomenon” (Ork. 1929 Marw.).
A “sun-gaa” or a “broch aboot the moon” is regarded as a gamfer betokening bad weather; in winter, a cold, foggy drizzle is regarded sometimes as a “gamfer for snaa.” Ork. 1929 1 :
This wather's like a ganfir afore sna. (2) Ork. 1929 Marw.:
He'll be seean gamfers this night afore he wins home.
3. Fig. “An unwieldy, uncouth person” (Sh. 1900 E.D.D.).[Norw. gjenferd, an apparition, a ghost, from *gagn (gegn)-ferð, a returning, meeting, haunting by ghosts.]
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"Ganfer n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Sep 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/ganfer>
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