Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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FOUND, n., v. Also foon(d), foun; †fund (Kcd. c.1730 C. Wright G. Guthrie (1900) 54; Ags. 1790 D. Morison Poems 163), fun. [fu:n(d)].

I. n. 1. A foundation, base, lit. and fig.; also the excavation made for the foundations of a building. Used in sing. and pl. Gen.Sc. Abd. 1702  T. Mair Ellon Rec. (1898) 305:
It would be necessarie to raze the Church to the found.
Sc. 1829  G. Robertson Recoll. 79:
The wooden work of it [roof] was constructed . . . of upright kebbers of rough timber, inserted into the heart of the walls, as low down as the found.
Bwk. 1876  W. Brockie Confessional 172:
Like those unselfish workin men of old, That laid the solid founds o' Christianity.
Ayr. 1887  J. Service Dr Duguid 175:
All the rubbish was cleared away for the foond of the new tower by the beginning of December.
Abd. 1889  W. Allan Sprays 99:
Gin the foun' o' a story be laid tae the line.
Kcb. 1911  G. M. Gordon Clay Biggin' 9:
Davy . . . was diggin' the foond for the cot hoose.
Rxb. 1921  Kelso Chron. (25 Nov.) 2:
They'll be gaun doon tae the foonds likely.
Sh. 1922  J. Inkster Mansie's Röd 61:
I guid furt an' begood ta hok for a foond ta da back wa' o' da byre.
Sc. 1948  Scotsman (9 Dec.):
The tunnel takes four right-angle turns round the founds of the R.S.A. building.

Comb.: found stane, a foundation stone. Also fig. Ags. 1790  D. Morison Poems 79:
The foundstane, mother Eve did lay it E'er scarce created.
Sc. 1889  H. Stephens Bk. of Farm II. 529:
The covering may be effected with strong pavement, . . . or with rough found-stones, where such can be procured.

2. Specif.: a ring of stones and brushwood on which a corn-stack is built (ne.Sc. 1953), sometimes including the sheaves forming the base of the stack. Abd. 1920  C. Murray Country Places 1:
[He] roon the ruck foun's wi' the lave o' the loons Played “Takie” by licht o' the meen.
Abd. 1953  Abd. Press and Jnl. (4 Nov.):
Has Marion ever forked a “foun” against the wind with the chaff blowing into her face?

3. A fund, reserve of money (Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 243; Ags.2 1943); in pl., funds, money. Cf. Fond, n. Sc. 1707  in Earls of Cromartie (ed. Fraser 1876) II. 37–38:
Wee have a better, that is, a more mine-full foond in Scotland then the Indies can affoord.
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxxv.:
Tibbie havin' the purse in her pouch, I hadna sufficient foonds for that.
Fif. 1894  A. S. Robertson Provost 32:
By-the-bye, Saunders, was Dauvit i' the Burial Foond (Friendly Society)?
Sh. 1919  T. Manson Peat Comm. II. 131:
Paid twinty-five pound a week, an his livin, an his traivellin expenses, firby haein a found laid by fir extrees.

II. v. 1. As in Eng., to lay the foundations of, to found, establish. Abd. 1879  G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie II. xi.:
Though the hoose be fun't upo' a rock, it's maist biggit o' fells, an' the fundation's a' I luik even to see o' 't again.
Sc. 1887  in Mod. Sc. Poets (ed. Edwards) X. 338:
For ilka man and mither's son that acts up to his licht, And foonds life's biggin' on the true, and fends it wi' the richt.
Sc. 1891  R. Ford Thistledown 124:
The “foondin'” . . . demanded that the “greybeard” should be filled and emptied.

Hence combs.: (1) ‡foundin pint, a drink given to the workmen after laying the foundations of a building as an augury of good luck (ne.Sc. 1874 W. Gregor Olden Time 15, funin-; Ork., Ags. 1953); (2) foundin stane, foundation stone. (1) Mry. 1875  A. Jervise Epitaphs I. 300:
A minister [of Knockando] refused to give the workmen a founding pint, . . . upon which they are said to have pronounced a malison against future incumbents.
Kcb. 1906  Gallovidian No. 31, 107:
The idea of the foundation sacrifice still subsists in the “foonin pint” and bread and cheese given when starting the building of a house.
Per. 1918  J. Meikle Old Session Bk. 183:
The “foundin' pint,” which still drags on a precarious existence.
Abd. 1920  A. Robb MS.:
They came to him for a foonin' pint and he gae them a foo bottle o' fuskey.
(2) Ags. 1898  J. T. Boyle Spectre Maid 73:
O' him that laid the rock that made His foondin' stane o' fame.

2. intr. with refl. force, with (up)on: to base one's opinion, etc.; to establish itself, be established on (Sh., ne.Sc., Ags., Slg., Fif. 1945). Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. xiii.:
Ye shall never lay finger on my daughter, and that ye may found upon.
Sc. 1837  Carlyle Fr. Revol. III. i. v.:
All delineation . . . must either found on Belief and provable Fact, or have no foundation at all.
Fif. 1943 10 :
Ye canna foond upon what he says.

[O.Sc. found, a foundation, 1610, a fund, 1683, from fownd, v., in sense 1., a.1400, in sense 2., a.1568, Mid.Eng. f(o)unde, O.Fr. fonder, of the same orig. as Fond, n.]

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"Found n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Dec 2018 <>



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