Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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FLYPE, v.1, n.1 Also flipe, †fleip, †flyp, †fliep; fleep (Ork., Cai.) [Sc. fləip, but Ork., Cai. fli:p]

I. v. 1. tr. To fold (a covering) outwards and backwards on itself; to turn wholly or partially inside out, as a sleeve, a stocking, etc. (Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems Gl.; Sc. 1808 Jam.; Ork. 1929 Marw., fleep). Also used fig. Gen.Sc. Also in n.Eng. dial. Ags. 1821  Montrose Chronicle (12 Oct.):
Till I thought that with riching I should have been turned inside out, like a flipit stockin.
Sc. 1834  Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) IV. 138:
Purple plush jacket wi' . . . haun-cuffs fliped to gie the wrists room to play.
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto T. Bodkin vi.:
I . . . flypit up the remainin' tail underneath, fastenin' it to the neck linin' wi' a preen.
Sc. 1896  Stevenson W. of Hermiston vi.:
“Miss Christina, if you please, Mr. Weir!” says I, and just flyped up my skirt tails.
Gsw. 1904  “H. Foulis” Erchie i.:
Efter this Erchie MacPherson's gaun to flype his ain socks.
Bnff. 1934  J. M. Caie Kindly North 11:
Still an' on, it's gey an sair tae be strippit, flypit, bare, Efter trauchlin' i' the yird for fifty year.
Bch. 1946  J. C. Milne Orra Loon 34:
He flypit his pooches but a' he cou'd fin' Was a spunk wi' the head broken aff.

Comb.: †fleip-eyed, with the eyelids turned outwards, hence staring-eyed, like a dead person. Sc. 1721  J. Kelly Proverbs 218:
I will sooner see you fleip-ey'd, like a French Cat. A disdainful rejecting of an unworthy Proposal; spoken by bold Maids to the vile offers of young Fellows.

2. tr. To ruffle, tear off (the skin) in strips, to peel (Mry. 1813 W. Leslie Agric. Mry. Gl.; Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 206; Sh., Cai., ne.Sc., Arg., Kcb., Dmf., Rxb. 1952). Sc. 1725  Ramsay Gentle Shep. iv. i.:
And ten sharp Nails, that when my Hands are in, Can flyp the Skin o' ye'r Cheeks out o'er your Chin.
Slg. 1862  D. Taylor Poems 147:
An' sude the frog-eaters come owre in their wrath . . . The skin o' their nebs we wad flype, Sir.
Sh. 1914  Angus Gl.:
I flipet da skin aff a mi finger.

3. To pluck (wool from) a sheepskin and make a fleece of it (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Rxb. 1951). Hence phrs. a flipit skin, to flipe 'oo (Id.); comb. flipe-'oo, wool thus treated (Rxb. 1901 N.E.D.; 1923 Watson W.-B.).

4. intr. To curl itself; to curl the lip with displeasure; to hang down in shreds, of torn skin. Rare. Abd. 1804  W. Tarras Poems 71:
Sae may ye skook yir brow an' skool, An' flypin hing yir head ay.
Sc. 1827  Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) II. 29:
At every stripe o' the inevitable . . . whang, the skin flipes aff frae nape to hurdies.
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto T. Bodkin viii.:
He couldna get his tongue to flype roond the words.
Sc. 1883  J. Kennedy Poems (1920) 127:
The skin hung flypin' down the sides In wrinkles lang an' slack.

II. n. 1. A fold, brim, flap or turn-up of a garment (Sc. 1808 Jam.), e.g. of a sleeve, trouser-leg (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.; Sh.13 1952); the coat-tails; a shred of clothing (Ork. 1929 Marw.). Sc. c.1690  in Hogg Jacobite Relics I. 24:
Wi' his back boonermost, An' his kyte downermost, An' his flype hindermost, [of one sea-sick].
Fif. 1827  W. Tennant Papistry 66:
His stockins, o' het paste the types, Cam' flappin' owr his shoon in flypes.
Sh. 1899  Shet. News (4 Feb.):
Da flype o' me night-kjaep.

2. The cutting of a strip of skin; a shred or loose piece of skin (Cai. 1900 E.D.D.; Ork.2, Cai.7, Fif.10 1945); “the pendulous lip of a wound” (Rnf. 1837 Crawfurd MSS. X. 50). Fif. 1703  E. Henderson Ann. Dunfermline (1879) 374:
The magistrates and counsellours . . . discharges all manner of cutting or carving of kine or oxen, except only on[e] fliep or of the soulders.
Except . . . a fliep in the rumpell.
Ork. 1929  Marw.:
They war a great fleep o' skin hingan fae the cut on his hand.

3. A skin rash (Rs. 1952), phs. because the skin appears flayed.

[O.Sc. flype, to fold back, from c.1538, Mid.Eng. flype, to peel off, c.1400. The immediate origin is uncertain but the word is to be associated with L.Ger. flīp, a broad drooping lip, flīpen, to look surly, and Scand. derivs. as Dan. flip, a flap, Norw. dial. flipe, id., Icel. flipi, a horse's lip, a shred of skin, all with the basic notion of curling downwards.]

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"Flype v.1, n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Nov 2018 <>



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