Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

FINNOCK, n. Also finnack, -eck, -oc(h); phinnick, phin(n)oc(k). The immature sea-trout, Salmo trutta, often confused with a young salmon (n.Sc. (exc. Cai.), em.Sc.(a), Arg. 1950). Sc. 1726  W. McFarlane Geog. Coll. (S.H.S.) I. 239:
They are about the bigness of ordinary trouts and commonly are called ffinnacks.
Sc. 1777  J. Lightfoot Flora Scotica I. 60:
A Grey fish, of the salmon kind, . . . comes up several of the rivers in Scotland in vast shoals during the month of August: they return to the sea in November; are called Phinocs.
Inv. 1833  A. Fraser Nat. Hist. Salmon 39:
The Whitling, Whiting, or Herling is the same fish as that known in this country by the name of Finnock.
Bnff. 1900  Banffshire Jnl. (5 June) 8:
What are known among sea-trout as finnocks, at the mouths of our East Coast rivers, in April, May, etc. are the grilse of the sea-trout, which went down the previous year as smolts.
Abd. 1926  L. Coutts Lyrics 3:
Thir's nae finnoch in the Don.
Bnff. 1936  Strathspey Herald (22 June) 3:
Witness (official of the Salmon Fisheries Board for Scotland) stated that a fish was a finnock for about 9 months before it had lived one complete year in the sea. After that it was a sea trout.

[O.Sc. fynnak, a young salmon, 1607, Gael. fionnag, id., a white trout.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Finnock n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2018 <>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND:

Browse Up
Browse Down