Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
DAVACH, DAVOCH, n. Also dauch, daugh. A measure of land, formerly used in the north and east of Scotland and generally considered equal to four ploughgates. The exact extent probably varied in different districts (see quots.); “it included rough ground as well as arable and was a territorial unit of productive capacity rather than a measure of area” (Abd.16). Hist. [′dɑvəx, dɑ(:)x, d:x]
Sc. 1726 Invercauld Rec. (N.S.C. 1901) 136:
They extend together to eight Oxgates, or half a Davoch of Land with Houses, Biggings, etc. Inv. 1808 J. Robertson Agric. Inv. 75:
The divisions of land marked by pounds and marks, etc. are frequent in the lower parts of Scotland; but daughs and bolls are unknown any where south of Inverness-shire. Every daugh seems to have consisted of forty-eight bolls, which comprehended a greater or smaller district of country, according to the quality of the soil. Mry. 1727 W. Cramond Court Bks. Regality Grant (1897) 27:
Heritors in the Dauch of Laggan. Bnff. 1787 W. Cramond in Trans. Bnffsh. Field Club (1901) 29:
The davach of Grange contains 42 oxgates or so. Abd. 1726 MS. in C. Innes Legal Antiq. (1872) 273:
Strathbogie was of old divided into forty-eight Davachs, each containing as much as four ploughs could till in a year. Abd. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XIX. 290:
A davach contains 32 oxengates of 13 acres each, or 416 acres of arable land.
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"Davach n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jul 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/davach>
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