Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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DANDER, Danner, Dawner, Daunder, n.3, v.3 [′dɑ(:)ndər Sc., but m.Sc. + ′dnər]

1. n. Usu. in pl.: the refuse of a smith's fire (e.Rs.1 1929; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Ayr.4 1928, dawners); the scoriæ of a furnace (Sc. 1818 Sawers Dict. Sc. Lang., daunder); a clinker (Edb.6 1944, dander; Ayr. 1905 E.D.D. Suppl., danners; Ayr.4 1928). Also in n.Eng. dial. (E.D.D.). Gen. (exc. I.) Sc. Sc. 1799  W. Nicol Practical Planter 388–389:
I would recommend a coping of calcined cinders (danders), such as are produced at glass-works, salt-works . . . etc.
Per. 1792  Hist. Par. Monzievaird in Arch. Scot. (1822) 71:
Peats, cast hard by, when burnt in large fires, as in kiln-pots, leave a plate of yetlin, which they name a dander, amongst their ashes.
Wgt. 1875  W. M'Ilwraith Guide to Wgt. 150:
There were indications of vitrification, and, turning over the rubbish a little, we gathered several “danders.”

2. v. To char, found only in pa.p. and in ppl.adj. dandered in phr. dandered coal, “coal burned by, and generally mixed with, trap” (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 23). Ayr. 1845  Stat. Acc.2 V. 514:
The basalt, when in a state of fusion . . . has charred or dandered the coal, and also converted it into plumbago.

[Origin obscure. Not in O.Sc.]

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"Dander n.3, v.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/dander_n3_v3>

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