Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CROY, n.1

1. “An inclosure, more commonly wattled, for catching fish” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2).

2. “A sort of fold, of semicircular form, made on the sea-beach, for catching fish. When the sea flows, the fish come over it; and are left there, in consequence of its receding” (Arg. Ib.).

3. “A mound, or kind of quay, projecting into a river, for the purpose of breaking the force of the stream, and guarding the adjacent ground from encroachments” (Per.Ib.). Per. 1880  Sc. Naturalist (April) 258:
It [a cormorant] frequented a croy at Benchill fishing-station very much. Per. a.1940 (per Fif.1): A dam at Kirkmichael, Perthshire, stretching nearly across the R. Ardle, is called “the Croy.”
Ags. 1941 17 :
There was, and still is, I think, a croy on the border of Angus used for retaining the upper waters of the Queich to augment the mill-dam lower down. It is a kind of a quay which can be closed by a sluice. Fish are sometimes trapped there. There is another type of croy, however, projecting partly across a rushing stream, so that salmon may rest behind them.

[O.Sc. has cro, croy, with similar meanings, from 1288, found chiefly in Latin documents in the Latinised forms croa, croya (D.O.S.T.). See etym. note to Crue.]

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"Croy n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Dec 2018 <>



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