Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CROONER, KROONER, CROWNER, Crun(n)er, Kruner, Crinner, n.1 The gurnard, genus Trigla (Sc. 1825 Jam.2, cruner; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., kruner; Ork. 1805 G. Barry Hist. of Ork. 287; Ork., Bnff. 1929 Marw., krooner; Mry.2 1937, Ags.8 1933; Fif. 1710 R. Sibbald Hist. Fife and Knr. 53; Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 236, crinner; Lth. 1808 Jam., crooner, crowner; m.Lth. 1929 (per Edb.1), crunner; Dmf. a.1715 Dr Archbald in Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. (1901) 57). Cf. Croonick, Croonyil. [′krunər Sc., but Fif., Lth. + ′krɪnər] Sh. 1899  Shet. News (2 April):
Twa brismaks, a stäblin, an' four krooners.
m.Lth. 1808  P. Neill List of Fishes in Wernerian Nat. Hist. Soc. Mem. (1811) I. 539:
The crooner is very common here. It derives this appel[l]ation from the circumstances of its so forcibly emitting air through its gill-covers, on being taken out of the water.

[O.Sc. has crunan, 1525, ? the gurnard (D.O.S.T.). From Croon, v.2, from the grunting sound made by the fish when taken from the water; cf. Norw. knurr, the gurnard, from knurra, to growl, murmur (Torp).]

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"Crooner n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2018 <>



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