Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CORSE, CORS, KORS, n. Obs. except in senses 3 and 4 and in place-names.

1. A market-cross, market-place. Jam.5 (1880) gives the form kors for Cld. Ags. 1823  in Edb. Mag. and Lit. Misc. (April) 448/1:
I left them at the corse — but, hark! they're comin' this way.
wm.Sc. 1835–37  Laird of Logan II. 109:
Amang the Corks of the Causeyside, as weel as upon the plainstanes at the Corse.

2. A silver coin with a cross on one side. s.Sc. 1793  T. Scott Poems 360:
Fient a corse atweel has he; Frae starvation nought'll save ye.

3. The top part of a sail when the last reef is taken in. Bnff. 1937 2 :
A fite squall cam' doon the Firth, an' we ran afore't wi' only the corse o' the sail.

4. A cross marked on a steelyard to show the centre (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.); “comm. in pl. of two such marks: de bismer-korses” (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)).

5. Combs.: (1) corsfit, a starfish (Abd.17 1919); cf. Cross-Fit; (2) korsmas(s), a half-yearly festival, held on May 3 and Sept. 14 (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., -mass; 1914 Angus Gl.); in the Roman Catholic Church called the Invention of the Cross and the Exaltation of the Cross; (3) corse rig, a piece of land set aside for the maintenance of the village cross; (4) kirn-korses, see Kirn, n.1, Combs. (3) Rxb. 1845  Stat. Acc.2 III. 61:
There is a cross in the centre of the village of Melrose . . . which has a quarter of land to maintain it, called the “Corse Rig.”

[Metathetic form of Eng. cross; cf. Norw., Sw., Dan. kors. Senses 13 above are found in O.Sc. (see D.O.S.T.).]

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"Corse n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Oct 2018 <>



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