Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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COD, Codd, Coad, Kod, n.1 Child's Ballads (1904) No. 66 C. xxvii. gives the form coad. [kɔd Sc., but m.Sc. + kod]

1. A pillow, “a cushion” (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., kod), as in preen cod, see Preen. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1704  Account Bk. Sir J. Foulis (S.H.S. 1894) 350:
June 22: to Mrs Purves ane account ffor sheits, servits . . . tyken bedd and boulster and codds.
Fif. 1897  “S. Tytler” Witch-Wife iii.:
She lay stretched on high-piled mattresses and down “cods.”
Ayr. 1913  J. Service Memorables R. Cummell iv.:
No sooner was my heid upon the codd than I fell soond asleep.

2. “A piece of wood fixed to an axle to act as a pillow or bearing for a cart, etc.” (Ork. 1929 Marw., kod).

3. An old dance in which a pillow was used. The same as Bab at the Bowster, q.v. Lnk. 1912–19  Little Clyde Hurry in Rymour Club Misc. II. 65:
Noo day was approachin', which called for dispersin', To mak' a braw finish they a' danced the Cod.
Kcb. 1815  J. Gerrond Works 95:
Jean liked sae well the glowing smack, Fast up with him she hasted To dance the Cod.

4. In pl.: “a sort of cushion, which the common people in many parts of the country use in riding, in lieu of a saddle or pillion” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2). Ags. 1818  in Edb. Mag. and Lit. Misc. (Sept.) 235–236:
It is most probable that his horse has neither saddle nor bridle. In lieu of the first he has a kind of pannel, the covering of which is sacking cloth and stuffed with straw. Here this is termed cods, in other parts . . . sunks.

5. Combs.: †(1) cod-crune, -crooning, “a curtain lecture, . . . otherwise called a bowster-lecture” (Fif. 1825 Jam.2, -crune; Slk. Ib., -crooning); (2) cod-hule, -huil, “a pillow-slip” (Rxb. 1825 Jam.2, -hule; 1923 Watson W.-B., -huil); (3) cod-poke, id.; (4) codware, -war, id. Cod-war is given by Fif.1 from an Ags. private valuation (1738). (3) Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto Tammas Bodkin xxi.:
I was seldom able to steer my head frae the cod-poke.
(4) Per. 1898  E.D.D.:
“How much shall I give you?” . . . “Oh, fill the codware.”
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto Tammas Bodkin xxvii.:
Nicht an' day was she thrang at the needle — makin' her tyken, blankets, sheets, codwares.

[O.Sc. cod, codd, coad, a cushion, a pillow, first date c.1420 (D.O.S.T.); n.Mid.Eng. cod, a.1400–1450, kode, 1402, O.N. koddi, a pillow (Zoëga). Codware, -war is also found in O.Sc. from 1488. Of the same origin as the following.]

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"Cod n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Feb 2019 <>



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