Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CLAGGUM, CLAGUM, Clagam, Claggie, n. “A coarse sweetmeat, consisting of treacle hardened by boiling, and flavoured” (Sc. 1887 Jam.6, claggum, claggie), a sticky kind of toffee. Cf. Clack, n.2 Known to Bnff.2 and Abd. correspondents 1940. [′klɑgəm, ′klɑgi] Ork. 1920  J. Firth Reminisc. Ork. Par. (1922) 123:
Then there were the sweetie stands, where the young men stood “fairing” to their female acquaintances, this fairing consisting of . . . ginger-bread, or a lump of “clagum.”
Abd. 1926  P. Giles in Abd. Univ. Review (July) 224:
Gin ye got an antrin bawbee to buy claggum fae Candy Shusie, an' ye're fader fees hame f' Bartle Market a fairin' o' Solomon's Temple, ye wiz thocht t' be unco weel aff.
Hdg. 1885  “S. Mucklebackit” Rural Rhymes and Sketches 143:
At last we finished off, by way of dessert, with . . . creams, jellies, oranges . . . figs, clagam, rock, sugar-candy, and all sorts of sweetmeats.
Rxb. 1874  Trans. Hawick Arch. Soc. 211/1:
The kraim-wives . . . exposed their wares of gingerbread, tam trott, and clagam on the old through stones.

[From Clag, v. and n.1, q.v.]

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"Claggum n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Feb 2019 <>



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