Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
CAVE, Caeve, Kaeve, Kev(e), Kaive, n.3, v.1 See also Keave. [ke:v]
(1) A toss of the head (Bnff.2 1939, kaive).
Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.:
The bull ga'e a cave wi' its heid.
(2) “A tossing of the fore legs; rearing. Followed by the preposition up, the act of rearing” (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff., kaive).
2. v., tr. and intr.
(1) Of a horse: to toss (the head) angrily or proudly (Sc. 1808 Jam., cave; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., obsol.). Known to Bnff.2 1939. Also fig.
Sc. 1826 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) I. 164–165:
Gallopin on a grey horse, that caves the foam frae its fiery nostrils. Sc. 1895 H. Ochiltree Redburn ii.:
Stan up, ye auld jade! What are ye caving at? Bnff. 1856 J. Collie Poems and Lyrics 68:
Auld Scotland then her head might kaive, An' prance like ony stagie.
(2) “To stand on the hind legs and toss the fore legs; to rear” (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 93). Not known to our correspondents.
(3) “To butt or strike (anything) with the head or horns” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); “to push, to drive backward and forward” (Sc. 1808 Jam., cave, keve). Not known to our correspondents.
Ags. 1853 W. Blair Chron. of Aberbrothock vi.:
It'll caeve the heels oot alow ye.
(4) fig. “To make a fuss” (Bch. 1916 T.S.D.C. II.).
Fat are ye cavin' at?
(5) “To be overcome with weariness or sleepiness” (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), kev).
(6) Followed by preps. (a) over, ower: “to fall over suddenly” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2; Ayr.4 1928), to faint; fig. “to give in” (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., kev ower); (b) up: “to climb a steep precipice or wall” (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 93).
(a) Ork.(D) 1880 Dennison Orcad. Sk. Bk. 27:
Whin [lethy Hellness] geed oot wi' sic a din . . . the minister's wife kaevid ower (sheu was near her time, peur bothy).
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"Cave n.3, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jan 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/cave_n3_v1>
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