Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CARTOUSH, CARTOOSH, CURTOUSH, n. A short jacket worn by women (see quots.). Cf. Cottoush. Fif. 1825  Jam.2:
Cartoush. A bed-gown, strait about the waist, with short skirts, having their corners rounded off, resembling the upper part of a modern riding-habit.
Rnf. 1788  E. Picken Poems, etc., Gloss.:
Curtoush, a woman's short gown.
Rxb. 1923  Watson W.-B. s.v. cottoush:
Sibbie Cartoosh (by-name of old Hawick woman).

[Fr. court, short, + housse, “a short mantle of course cloth (and all of a peece) worne in ill weather by countrey women, about their head and shoulders” (Cotgrave). The second element is phs. of Arabic origin, see Hatz. and Darm.]

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"Cartoush n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 11 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/cartoush>

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