Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CAR, n.1 As in St.Eng., but note the following specific Sc. uses, now obs.

1. “A rude cart without wheels for bringing in peats and hay” (w.Dmf. 1925 W. A. Scott in Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. 20); “a sledge, car of peculiar make” (wm.Sc. [1835–1837] Laird of Logan (1868) 491, Note). Obs. in Eng. since 15th cent. (N.E.D.). Ayr. 1773  Boswell Tour to Hebrides (1936) 198:
They also have a few sledges, or cars as they are called in Ayrshire, clumsily made. . . . They are made of two crooked trees. Two ends drag on the ground; two lean on a horse, one on each side, like the [thills] of a cart; and for a good way there are cross bars between them and a back of sticks.

2. In combs.: (1) car-saddle, cursaddle, “the small saddle put on the back of a carriage horse, for supporting the trams or shafts of the carriage” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2). Also cursaddle (Upp. Clydes. Ib.); (2) carstang, “the shaft of a cart” (Rxb. Ib.; 1923 Watson W.-B., obs.); cf. cairt-stang s.v. Cairt, n.1 (1) Sc. 1769  D. Herd Sc. Songs 294:
A timmer tong, a broken cradle, The pillion of an auld car saddle.

[O.Sc. has car, caar, carr, a cart or wagon, earliest quot. c.1470, also car-sadil, cart-saddle, 1496 (D.O.S.T.). For meaning 1 cf. Gael. carr, a dray, a sledge (MacLennan).]

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"Car n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2018 <>



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