Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CALP, Caulp, n. (See second quot.) Obs. except hist. Cf. Best Aucht. Sc. 1861  C. Innes Sketches Early Sc. Hist. iii.:
These new subjects bound themselves not only to pay the allegiance of clansmen, but to give the “caulp of Kenkynie,” — the Celtic equivalent for the Heriot of feudal customs.
Sc. 1930  I. F. Grant Soc. and Econ. Devel. Scot. 503:
The Highland calp due to the chief was the equivalent of the Lowland heriot due to the landlord, and was the best beast, which had to be given to the superior upon the death of a vassal.

[O.Sc. calp, caup, caulp, the “best aucht” in the possession of a tenant, claimed on his decease by the superior, 1510; a gift made by a tenant to his superior in return for his support and protection, 1489; latest quot. 1629 (D.O.S.T.). Irish colpa, a full-grown animal, whether cow or horse (Dinneen); Gael. colpach, a heifer, steer (MacBain).]

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"Calp n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Sep 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/calp>

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