Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
CABBAGE, n. As in St.Eng., except in the following combs. and phr. which are exclusively Sc.
1. Combs.: (1) cabbage-daisie, -daisy, “Trollius europæus. Globe-flower” (Sc. 1777 J. Lightfoot Flora Scotica I. 296; ne., w.Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B. 76, -daisy); (2) cabbage-kail, cabbage (Bnff.2, Abd.22 1938), also used attrib.; (3) cabbage-runt, “a cabbage-stalk; a castock or kail-runt” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B. 76); known to Abd.2, Fif.1, Kcb.1 1938; (4) cabbage stock, id. (Bnff.2, Abd.9, Ags.1, Fif.10, Kcb.1 1938).
(2) Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xi.:
He taul' me that it [guano manure] sent up some cabbage-kail 't he try't it on fernyear like the vera shot o' a gun. Ags. 1821 D. Shaw Humourous Songs and Poems 15:
Auld Girzie I try'd aye to gain 'er By snodly heel-capin' her hose; Sae gat ilka day to my dinner A caupfu' o' cabbage-kail brose. (4) Sc. 1832–1846 Whistle-Binkie (2nd Series) 66:
Tak aff your hat when ye speak to a gentleman — it's no the fashion in this kintra to put hats on cabbage stocks.
2. Phr.: cabbage and kail (see quot.).
wm.Sc. 1835–1837 Laird of Logan I. 80:
When the knights of the thimble give us a toast “cabbage and kail,” it is considered among them almost as comprehensive in its meaning, as “all we wish and all we want”; or, in real snip slang, “meat and claes, no forgetting the blankets.”
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"Cabbage n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/cabbage>
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