Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
BLAE, adj., n., v. [ble:]
1. adj. Bluish in colour, of a dark colour between blue and grey, livid. Gen.Sc.
(1) (a) Applied to objects in general.
Abd. 1827 J. Imlah May Flowers 57:
On Tulla's tap and Banchory's brae, The wild hill-berries, black and blae.
(b) Used sometimes to describe a sinister or dreary aspect.
Rxb. 1917 Kelso Chron. (30 Nov.) 2/6:
The weather was bleary and the water blae.
(2) Applied to the discoloration of the skin from the effects of a blow, or of cold, faintness, age.
Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems 36:
Vild Hangy's Taz ye'r Riggings saft Makes black and blae. Arg. 1932 1 :
Ye'r blae wi' the cowld, lassie: come in tae the fire an' warm yersel. Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems, etc. 14:
Up to some hilloc tap or brae, He bends his way, baith cauld and blae. Dmf. 1808 J. Mayne Silter Gun 88:
Sad wights! wi' ribs baith black and blae Were harlit hame.
Hence blaeness, n., lividness. Gen.Sc.
Mry. 1934 2,
The blaeness o' his lips, hands, etc.
(3) fig. Applied to a person to denote the effects of any emotion such as fear, anxiety, sorrow.
Edb. 1822 R. Wilson Poems 102:
While ance lov'd vice will e'en be wae, An' a' its votaries look blae.
(4) Used to describe the weather, etc.
Sc. 1819 J. Rennie St Patrick I. xiv.:
Odsake, my fingers is dinlin aff at the nails wi' that blae win'. Sc. 1886 R. L. Stevenson Underwoods 170:
There's rowth o' wrang, I'm free to say: The simmer brunt, the winter blae.
(1) Contraction for Blaeberry, q.v. The pl. seems to have been regarded as a sing. in Ags. and a dim. formed, viz. blaesie, with a second pl. blaesies.
Abd. 1906 J. Christie in Bnffsh. Jnl. (22 May) 10:
There grew the blaes I thocht sae fine. Ags. 1894 A. Reid Sangs o' the Heatherland 119;
What gin I sing O' birdies on the lichtsome wing Wha ken the howes whaur “blaesies” hing.
(2) An expanse of greyish, misty blue.
w.Sc. 1929 R. Crawford In Quiet Fields 36:
Gie me the hill at dwynin' day; Ae hertsome star in hertless blae.
(3) The colour blue, or blue-grey, leaden blue.
Ayr.  J. Ramsay Woodnotes (1848) 26:
Whether it was the ridin' brought the bluid Into her face, or no, I canna say; Bit every smitch o't was a kin' o' red, Or rather somethin' comin' near a blae.
(4) n.pl. Marks left by measles, etc.; also marks of bruises, wounds, etc.
Rnf. 1809 J. Millar Renfrewshire Witches (1877) 150:
The children were . . . found dead in the morning, with a little blood on their noses and the blaes at the roots of their ears, which were obvious symptoms of strangling.
Combs.: (1) blae-bows, Linum usitatissimum, “blue flax bells; the flowers of flax” (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 74); (2) blaefaced, “livid with fear” (Bnff.2 1934); (3) blae-wet, coloured with bluish juice; (4) blae-wing, “an angling term used to denote an artificial fly tied with a ‘blae,' or bluish-grey, wing. Gen.Sc.” (Fif.1 1934).
(2) Sc.(E) 1926 H. M'Diarmid Penny Wheep 21:
Blaefaced afore the throne o' God He'll get his fairin' yet. (3) Sc. 1930 J. G. Horne in Glasgow Herald (14 Oct.):
A shilpit laddie frae the toon, his mooth blae-wet Wi' brammles aff the green hedge-raw.
3. v. To make blue, hence to benumb.
Bnff. 1898 E.D.D.;
Ye'll blae a' yer han's gehn ye pit them in amo' the frosty water.
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"Blae adj., n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/blae>
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