Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
BLACK MAIL, —MEAL, n. The form black-mail is now in use in St.Eng. to mean any kind of payment extorted by intimidation or pressure. It is also used as a v. with its derivative blackmailer. It appears first in Eng. in 1601 (N.E.D.) in an extract from Act 43 Eliz. xiii, which proves that it was known also in the northern counties of England. The word mail is widely spread in Sc. dial. but known only in Eng. dial. in Nhb., Wm. and n.Yks. Jam. (1808) defines it as “a tax or contribution paid by heritors or tenants, for the security of their property, to those freebooters who were wont to make inroads on estates, destroying the corns, or driving away cattle.” The two quots. below give examples of the use of the variant black meal. [′blɑk′mel, ′blɑk′mil (rare)]
Sc. 1771 T. Pennant Tour in Scot. 1769 176:
A contribution called the black meal, was raised by several of these plundering chieftains, over a vast extent of country: whoever payed it had their cattle ensured, but those who dared to refuse were sure to suffer. Per. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 II. 457:
Obliging the inhabitants to pay them, Black Meal, as it is called, to save their property from being plundered.
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"Black mail n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Aug 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/black_mail>
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