Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
BEN, n.2 A mining term.
Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 9–10:
Ben, Inwards, towards the workings; the workman's right to enter the pit, hence the term claiming his ben, i.e. going to the pit in the morning and having his right to enter the pit and have hutches in his turn acknowledged, which right he may then delegate to his boys. The day's work of a youth, indicating the proportion of a man's “darg” which he is able, or allowed to put out, is termed quarter-ben, half-ben, three-quarter-ben.
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"Ben n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Apr 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/ben_n2>
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