Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BEHAUD, BEHAD(E), v. Sc. form of Eng. behold with uses as in Eng.; also a group of Sc. usages. [bə′hɑ(:)d Sc.; bə′h:d em. and wm.Sc. See P.L.D. §§ 85, 93.]

A. Usages as in Eng.

1. To look at, to see. Per. 1857  J. Stewart Sketches 11:
If ye behaud a herrin' cart, or see a sweetie stand.
Edb. 1773  R. Fergusson Sc. Poems (1925) 87:
Behad the bees whare'er they wing.

2. pa.p. behauden, behadden, behaddit, behudden, behau'd (reduced form), indebted to, like Eng. beholden. Gen.Sc. Sh. 1914  Angus Gl.:
Du's been weel behadden ta me.
Abd. 1882  W. Forsyth Sel. from Writings 31:
I've been a hoosehadder fu' fifty year, Baith wife an' widow, an' behau'd to nane.
em.Sc. 1895  (a) “I. Maclaren” Auld Lang Syne 168:
There's no a body in the glen but is behaddit tae ye.
Lth. 1920  A. Dodds Songs of the Fields 3:
And tae him we're behauden Far mair than we can tell.
Gsw. 1934  (per.
The pudding is muckle behudden [bə′hʌdn] to the sauce.
Ayr. 1822  H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 198:
I daresay, we war mair behauden to some ill e'e an' fause heart, than either short night or moon light.
Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 41:
Nae mair behadden to sic swankies, As, deils or witches, for their prankies. [O.Sc. behaldin, behauden, beholden, (1) bound to do something; (2) bound or obliged to a person. First quot. in D.O.S.T. is 1456.]

B. Sc. usages. v., tr. and intr.

1. To hold back. Sc. 1712  Letters from Prof. Blackwell in Spalding Club Misc. (1841) I. 212:
But, for my oun part, till once an expresse come to the English Court, I design (as they phrase it in our country) to behade.
Mry.(D) 1806  J. Cock Simple Strains 89:
Behad a wee, Ye'll shortly see Me rax my neck, and craw.
Abd. [1768]  A. Ross Helenore (1866) 149:
If she a toumon be behadden yet, Ye'se get your will, quo' he.
Per. c.1824  Songs of Lady Nairne (ed. C. Rogers 1869) 104:
How safe and sound lay Scotland's crown, Behad, I'm gaun to tell, sir.
Ayr. 1914 2

2. Leave off. Abd. 1879  G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie I. vi.:
Ance I'm begun, there's nae mair thoucht o' endeevourin' to behaud (withhold) till I canna drink a drap mair.

3. Recognise (development of behold, to see). Ags. 1894  J. Inglis in Bnffsh. Jnl. (29 May) 2:
“Ou aye!” said the farmer very drily. “I behaud ye noo — wisna yer mither henwife at Dun?”

4. Warrant, maintain. Sc. 1825  Jam.2:
“I'll behad he'll do it”; “I'll behad her she'll come.”

5. “To view with an eye of watchfulness, scrutiny, or jealousy” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2). Bnff. 1934 2 :
Thinks I “Ma mannie, I'se jist behad ye for a fyle t' see foo far a lenth ye'll gang.”
Abd. 1929 4 :
Behad, to watch surreptitiously.
Ags. 1934 2 :
“I juist behuid 'er,” Let her go on, taking it all in, combining the senses of watch, await, permit.

[O.Sc. behald, behauld, etc., meaning (1) look at, regard, tr. and intr.; (2) suspend action, await; (3) keep on, continue; (4) permit (D.O.S.T.). Mid.Eng. be- and bi-halde; W.S. behealdan; O.North. behalda, to keep, to guard, to have, refl. to behave, observe. The Sc. usages are prob. derived at a later period from hald with the pref. Be (intensive or privative) and not from the O.E. behalden.]

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"Behaud v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Mar 2018 <>



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