Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BADDERLOCK, BATHERLOCK, n. Gen. in pl. An edible seaweed closely resembling the hart's-tongue fern; the hart's-tongue laminaria, a species of Alaria esculenta. Hen-ware. [′bɑðər-, ′bɑdərlɔk] Sc. 1777  Lightfoot Flora Scotica II. 938:
Fucus esculentus. Eatable Fucus. Anglis. Badderlocks. Scotis.
Sc. 1867  S. O. Gray Brit. Seaweeds 51:
Alaria esculenta. Eatable Alaria, or Badderlocks. The midrib of this plant is eaten in Ireland and Scotland.
Ork. 1806  P. Neill Tour through . . . Ork. and Sh. 28–29:
On deep shores . . . great quantities of red-ware or sea-girdles (F. digitatus) are collected with long hooks at low water. Fucus esculentus (badderlocks) is likewise employed.
ne.Sc. 1923  (per Mry.2):
Still known in the north-east in both forms, badderlock and batherlock, as n. and n. used attrib. — e.g. Batherlock Craig.
Abd. 1791  Stat. Acc.1 VII. 207:
The fisherwomen . . . go to the rocks at low tide, and gather the . . . fucus esculentus, badderlock.
Abd. 1884–1903  Jeems Sim in North. Figaro 18:
Dilse an' pepper dilse, an' tangles an' batherlocks.
Ags. 1932  Fisher Cry at Montrose (per Ags.1):
Fine dulse an' badderlocks, Noo fae the Buddon rocks.

[Etym. doubtful. Badder is a possible Sc. form of Balder, the name of the Norse god. Cf. Balder in the plant name in Nhb., Balder(s) brae (also Bald-eyebrow), mayweed, anthemis cotula; Norw. Balderbraa, Sw. dial. Balders-brå, O.Dan. Balders braa, id. (Falk and Torp).]

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"Badderlock n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Oct 2018 <>



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