Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
APEN, APPEN, adj. A common Sc. form of open, adj.; used in the same way as open in St.Eng. (and Sc.). [′ɑp(ə)n]
1. (Of doors, and the like; of what may be closed by doors and the like) open.
Ork.(D) 1880 Dennison Orcad. Sk. Bk. 12:
The lethy bids Paetie Linklid an' Johnnie Brock stand i' the apen yett-wey. Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb (2nd ed.) vi.:
I'se keep my een apen fan I gae back. Gall. 1832 Capt. Denniston Battle of Craignilder 64:
The gates flew apen wi' a bang.
2. In other senses.
(1) Not concealing the thoughts or feelings, not deceitful.
Edb. 1773 R. Fergusson Sc. Poems (1925) 71:
You've seen me round the bickers reel Wi' heart as hale as temper'd steel, And face sae apen, free and blyth. Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems 157:
Sonce fa' yer apen, honest heart, Whar double guile ne'er hauntet.
(2) Undisguised, unconcealed.
Ayr. 1816 Sir A. Boswell Poet. Wks. (1871) 164:
[He] then recounted mony a feat O' apen strife and artfu' wile.
(3) Of the weather: an apen winter, one without much frost or snow.
Abd.(D) 1928 Mains and Hilly, Abd. Wkly. Jnl. (Sept. 20) 63:
Gin we hae an apen winter an' plenty o' girse tae be gotten [etc.].
(4) An apen quey (see quot.). Obs.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 20:
Apen Queys — Young cows; those who have not had calves.
3. Phr. the apen furth (see quots. and Furth).
Bnff. 1866 Gregor D.Banff. 215:
Apen furth, a phrase used to signify out of doors. Muckle furth has the same meaning. Furth is used as a noun; as, “Gae t' the furth, the muckle furth, the apen furth.” Abd. 1932 2 :
Still known. Clydesdale 1818 C.T.C.S. in Edin. Mag. (Dec.) III. 503:
The lassie and I bure her to the appen furth, an' had hardly won to the lone, whan down cam the wearifu' milkhouse.
4. Comb.: Apen hannet, adj., open-handed, liberal.
Abd.(D) 1928 W. Robbie Mains of Yonderton 83:
She wid a been mair apen hannet than we cood hae weel affoordit.
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"Apen adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Feb 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/apen_adj>
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