Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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ANEATH, ANETH, ANAITH, adv. and prep. Beneath; below; under. 1 and 2 are Gen.Sc. [ə′nɛθ Sc.; ə′neθ n.Sc.; ə′næθ s.Sc.; aphetic nɛθ, etc.]

1. adv. Beneath; below. The uses are rather less restricted than those of St.Eng. beneath, adv., and are only partly illustrated by the foll. examples. n.Sc. 1829  H. Miller Poems 200:
Moulders aneath the naked scull, Aneath is truth's domain; — Aboon, the tracks o' livin' men Are fausehoods kent an' vain.
Abd. 1879  G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie lii.:
“Death! whaur do ye bide, auld Death?” “Abune an' aboot an' aneath.”
Slg. c.1860  D. Taylor Sang o' the Glaur, Stirling Arch. Soc. (1923) 23:
Jawp! jawp! jawp! Till you're clarty aneath an' abune!
Rxb. a.1820  in Trans. Hawick Arch. Soc. (1912) 48/1:
Placing her right hand on her head, and her left under her feet, she gave up “a' between them to the powers aneth, renouncing a' aboon.”

2. prep. Under; below; beneath. (With a wider and more freq. use than beneath has in St.Eng., the latter having largely given place to under and below.)

(1) Of position: lower than. Sc. 1736  Ramsay Sc. Proverbs (1819) 181:
He has a hole aneath his nose that will ne'er let him be rough.

(2) Under, overhung by, covered by, but not in contact, as by the sky, sun, a roof, eaves, shelter, a tree, a shade, etc. n.Sc. 1829  H. Miller Poems 84:
Down the burnie works its way, Aneath the bending birken spray.
Ags. 1889  J. M. Barrie Window in Thrums iii.:
When Leeby gies ye a kick aneath the table that'll be a sign to ye to say grace.
Lnl. 1910  J. White Eppie Gray 6:
The swallows cam frae owre the seas An' made their nests aneath the eaves.
Ayr. 1822  H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 152:
At last there streeks my native strath, Aneth the redening light.
w.Dmf. 1925  W. A. Scott Vernac. of Mid-Nithsdale, Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. 16:
Aneth — beneath. You'll fin' my auld buits aneth the bed.

(3) At the foot of (a slope, wall, etc.), beside (but at a lower level). Sometimes with the notion of shelter. Hdg. 1885  “S. Mucklebackit” Rural Rhymes 219:
Aside a spring, aneath a brae, We coor'd to gether breath.
Ayr. 1821  Galt Annals of the Par. ii.:
As I was taking my twilight dawner aneath the hedge.

(4) Under and in contact with; under (a covering), covered by; under (something resting or supported or carried). Sc. 1818  Scott H. Midlothian viii.:
Jenny, pit the cod aneath my head.
Mry.(D) 1897  J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sketches (1908) xiii. 110:
That's Thowie's loon . . . wi' a penny bap anaith's oxter.
Kcb. 1893  S. R. Crockett Stickit Minister (1895) 102:
Him that lies aneath the big thruch stane in the wast corner o' the kirkyaird.
Slk. a.1835  Hogg Tales (1837) II. 264:
If the beast should drap dead aneth me there's nae help for it.

(5) Under the authority, control, influence of. Sc. 1897  H. Hendry in Northern Muse (1924) 233:
Oh! for the days when sinners shook Aneth the true Herd's righteous crook.
Abd. 1826  D. Anderson Poems 21:
To gain . . . An office to a needy frien' Aneath the crown.
Edb. 1916  T. W. Paterson Wyse-sayin's o' Solomon xvi. 32:
Better the man wha rules weel his ainsel, Than the neibour wha taks a hale toon aneth his chairge.

(6) Lower on a hillside or in a valley than. em.Sc. 1913  (a) J. Black Gloamin' Glints 65:
Ere lang, aneth Toonheid, I saw, Through wood and fields, a track.

(7) Of lower rank, dignity, worth, than. Abd. 1887  W. Carnie Waifs of Rhyme 19:
They think I'm far aneath them, an' wid treat me wi' disdain.

(8) Undeserving of, unworthy of. Abd. 1928 4 :
Them 'at's abeen advice is aneath notice.

3. Phrases (with the prep.): (1) Aneth the breath, in a whisper, Gen.Sc.; (2) aneth his thumb, into or in his hands; (3) my caup's nae aneath yer ladle, I am independent of you. (1) Abd.(D) 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xix.:
Speakin' aneth 'er breath.
(2) Dmf. 1823  J. Kennedy Poems 19:
The outstripped anes were blest Wi' thretty pence aneath their thum'.
(3) Abd. 1930 1 :
A winna rin at her biddin' that gait, ma caup is nae aneth her ladle.

[Formed on the stem of beneath with the pref. a- for be-, cf. afore = before, atween = between. Beneath is from O.E. beneoðan, adv. and prep. = beneath, below, from bi, by + neoðan, (from) below. Aneath occurs also in north. Eng. dial. D.O.S.T. records one instance from O.Sc., Clariodus (c.1540) II. 511.]

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"Aneath adv., prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Dec 2018 <>



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