Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
AFORE, adv., prep., conj. [ə′fo:r]
(1) Of place: before, in front; in advance; also fig. Gen.Sc.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 121:
An' Jean wi' orange silk is a' clad o'er, Wi' mantle blue an' siller clasps afore. Abd. a.1920 Proverb in Gleanings from a Deeside Parish 10:
They're far afore 'at daurna look back. Ags.(D) 1899 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy 4:
[Of a horse.] He's akinda foondered afore. Edb. 1822 R. Wilson Poems, Auld Man vii.:
Hame . . . war comin' Fu' monie a weary man an' woman; Afore, the Highland bag-pipe bummin'. Rxb. 1808 A. Scott Poems 101:
Wham now to ding was past his pow'r, Sae far afore was he.
(2) (Hence, of a clock:) showing a more advanced time, fast. Gen.Sc. Cf. Ahint.
Bnff. 1931 2 :
Ye'll manage fine yet; oor knock's aye twenty meenits afore. Abd. 1931 2 :
We aye keep oor time aboot ha'f an oor afore. Kcb. 1931 1 :
That clock's never richt, it's aye either hauf-an-oor afore or hauf-an-oor ahin.
(3) Of time: before; previously. Gen.Sc.
Sc. 1893 R. L. Stevenson Catriona xv.:
It's a question wi' mony if there ever was his like afore. Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 16:
'Twas now as dark as it afore was clear. Knr. 1886 H. Haliburton Horace in Homespun 48:
Nor beast nor body, big nor wee, Ever afore mistrustit me. m.Lth. 1788 J. Macaulay Poems 120:
Do I look war-far'd nor I did afore? Hdg. 1902 J. Lumsden Toorle, etc. 2:
And e'en tho' a wind do come, surely we hae tholed winds afore? Gall.(D) 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 4:
He speer't . . . aboot folk yt wus deid mony a year afore.
(1) Of place: before, in front of; in advance of; in or into the presence of; with fig. extensions. Gen.Sc.
Sc. a.1733 Orpheus Caled. II. 14, Jocky said to Jeany iii.:
A Stack afore the Door. Sc.  J. Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) I. 284:
The Macedonian monarch, marching afore his body-guard. Sc. 1829 (not in 1815 ed.) Scott Guy M. xlv.:
Wasp rade thirty o' them [sc. miles] afore me on the saddle. Sh.(D) 1918 T. Manson Humours Peat Comm. I. 104:
He wis blate afore da folk. Mry.(D) 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sketches 21:
Peter took the smith “afore the shirra.” Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 95:
Sae be the lad her for his ain wad hae, An' tak her hame, syne join afore the priest. m.Sc. 1917 J. Buchan Poems 34:
I've tried to keep the narrow way, I've walked afore the Lord in fear. Ayr. 1931 5 :
Gleg as a Kilmaurs whittle, that can cut an inch afore the point. (Proverb.)
(2) (Hence, of a clock) showing a more advanced time than.
Sh. 1931 4 :
I doot 'at dye watch is afore da time. Ayr. 1931 5 :
The clock's afore the toun (= town-clock).
(3) Of what is ahead of one, and still to be done or suffered: confronting, in store for. Gen.Sc.
Sc. 1816 Scott H. Midlothian III. i.:
I have a lang day's darg afore me. Ags.(D) 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) 58:
But little did I think what was afore's.
(4) In rank or importance above or before; in preference to. Gen.Sc.
Sc. 1917 D. G. Mitchell Kirk i' the Clachan 117:
His battle comes first afore the battles o' earth. Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xxxi.:
Sandy Peterkin may aiven be pitten in afore me. Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 221:
I'm willin' to be Mrs Daw, which I like far afore Mrs Duffy.
(5) Of time: before; previous to; earlier than. Gen.Sc.
Sc. 1831 Scott C. Rob. Paris Introd. Addr. 21:
A new book, which is to beat a' the lave that gaed afore it. Sh.(D) 1924 T. Manson Humours Peat Comm. III. 2:
Da bride's dress wisna ready half-a-oor afore da time at shu wis ta be mairied. Bnff. 1847 A. Cumming Tales of the North 57:
“Persuasion,” says Sarah, “I'm o' nae persuasion ava . . . but a rigid Roman Catholic, as were a' my forbears afore me.” Ayr. 1786 Burns Halloween xv.:
Ae Hairst afore the Sherra-moor.
(1) Of time: before. Gen.Sc.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 53:
Twa' mile she ran afore she bridle drew. Abd.(D) a.1809 J. Skinner Amusements, etc., Christmas Ba'ing xxviii.:
Afore he could step three inch back, The millart drew a knife. Ags. 1918 J. Inglis The Laird 6:
The smith says he, “It cam' in sure Afore the hoose was thackit, O!” Lnl. 1910 J. White Eppie Gray 15:
Afore twa towmonds had come roon, Death cam an' gied the hinmaist woun. Edb. c.1840 J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie's Wallet (1875) 110:
Creep afore ye gang. Uls. 1910 C. C. Russell People and Lang. of Uls. 32:
He was there afore I kem up.
(2) Rather than. Gen.Sc.
Sc. a.1896 A. Cheviot Proverbs 35:
“Afore I was at this speed,” quo' the tod, “I wad rather hae my tail cuttit aff.” Mry.(D) 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sketches 30:
I'd bide in a hoosie by mysel', like Betty Shanks, wi' a cat, afore I'd be tied tae a slooter o' a man o' that kin'. Arg. 1929 1 :
Ah wad see 'um far enough afore ah wad dae that for 'um.
(1) ¶Afore-fit, a'fore-fit, adv. “Indiscriminately, all without exception, Upp. Clydes.” (Jam.2). (2) Afore-han', -hand, adv., in advance, beforehand. Gen.Sc. (3) Aforesyne, adv., in former days. (4) ¶Afore-the-stem (see quot.). (5) Afore-the-stern (see quot.).
(2) Bnff. 1882 W. M. Philip K. MacIntosh's Scholars 23:
That rascal will end his days on a gallows, if he dinna come to his hinderine in some sudden and dreidfu' nanner aforehan'. Abd. 1865 G. Macdonald Alec Forbes (1892) xxix.:
It's no needfu' to ken't aforehan'. Ags. 1896 J. M. Barrie Window in Thrums v.:
Some says ye mak them up aforehand. Rnf. 1871 D. Gilmour The “Pen” Folk (1873) 20:
I get whiles a glouf o' conscience, but I aye get twa gaups o' gratification afore han'. Also as adj., Jam.6:
He ran on . . . wi' the afore-han' siller. (Fore-han' is, however, more common. Jam.6) (3) Sc. 1897 Sandy Scott's Bible Class 22:
Aforesyne they might maybe do right at an antrin time. (4) Sc. 1895 Roy Horseman's Word xvi. 181:
Above his head was a large bunk, seven or eight feet deep, called by the fishermen “afore-the-stem,” and capable in their estimation of accommodating over half-a-dozen sleepers. (5) Sc. 1911 S.D.D.:
Afore-the-stern, a large sleeping-bunk in a fishing-boat.
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"Afore adv., prep., conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Mar 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/afore>
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