A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Wil(l, v.1 Also: wil(l)e, wyl(l, wylle, vil(l, ville, vyl(l, uil(l, weile, we(y)ll, wol(l(e, wooll, (i)ll, il, ‘ll, ‘le. 2nd pers. also wilt. Pres. p. also wilnande, wlland, willan, -ene, wol(l)yne, welleng. P.t. wald(e, wauld, waild, vaild, vald(e, uald(e, (warld); wall, wad(d, vad, waud, wayd, wade, wold(e, vold, w(o)uld, woolde, voild, wyld, (vyld); wud, wod, wou’d, woute, vid. 2nd pers. also wald(y)st, -est, woldst, wolt. [ME and e.m.E. wille, wulle (both c1175), uole (a1275), wolle (1297), wil(l (Cursor M.), wol (c1350), wel (c1425), wyl(e (14th c.), wylle (c1430), wooll (a1436), wal (1436), woll (c1440), wele (c1450), ‘le (?14th c), ‘l (1602), ‘ll (1623). 2nd pers. also wilt, wult, etc. Pl. will(en, etc. Coalesced forms wultu (a1225), willy (a1300), wilbe (c1440). P.t. wald(en (c1175), wollde (Orm), wolde, wuld(e (both c1250), wold (Cursor M.), walld (a1352), wod (c1469), would (a1500), woold (1548), waude (1564-78), wawd (1581), wud (1620), wou’d (1663), OE *willan (pres. wille, p.t. wolde, Anglian walde), OFris. willa, MDu. willen, ON vilja (p.t. vilda).] Also found as one word in the combinations wilbe, waldbe, etc.
A. Will, used as a main verb and as an auxiliary verb.
1. As a main verb: To desire, wish for, want, occas. with implication of intention or purpose. a. tr.With simple object. b. With clause object. Quot. K. Hart may belong in 2, with the particular sense of ‘bequeath’. See also Wil(l v.2 c. With to and infinitive. See also Willing pres. ppl. d. intr.Const. weill with a person as indirect object: To wish (one) well.
Also in collocation with Nil(l v. 2, q.v. for examples.
a. Makduff sayd I will no mare; Wynt. vi 2156.
Til thi legis will thow oucht mare? All tyme yha that thai welle fare; Wynt. vii 1553.
At the countyre quhat wil ye mare; Wynt. ix 3205.
The preste suld erar will that na his awin lyf; Hay I 203/24.
Quhat wil [Ruddim. wyl] ȝe mair? quhen we behuffyt depart, Terys brysting furth … To thame I said [etc.]; Doug. iii vii 43.
Thow will [D. wilt] nocht sic auarice; G. Ball. 128.
Idque probat, will the same; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v 418.
Caus the same [letters] be execute … as thai will the regarid of thair commoun weillis; 1570 Conv. Burghs I 19.
Gif ye will [Loutfut MS 42a, wil wit] mair heirof demand the auld harrauldis; Lindsay MS 39b.
b. Sen ȝe will it be swa I will blythly apon me ta The state; Barb. i 508.
I will That ȝhe ga forrow vs quhill [etc.]; Barb. vii 144 (C).
That thu kene clergy, I will ȝete; Leg. S. iv 140.
And for I wyll nane bere the blame Off my defawte [this] is my name; Wynt. i Prol. 83.
God wyll nocht He be forȝet … He wyll thai knaw His maieste; … Bot ȝhit for al that He can do [etc.]; Ratis R. 1610.
Schir, will ȝe I dreme this nycht; Seven S. 1749.
Grein Lust, I leif to thé [etc.] … Ȝouthheid, becaus that thow my barneheid kend, To Wantounnes ay will I that thow bow; K. Hart 908.
And now I will ȝe wit with deligens Quharfor that I [etc.]; Prestis of Peblis 111 (A).
The guvernour and lordis … ville nocht that me lord leuttenent sal see ther commission; 1545 Douglas Corr. 155.
Willand that the said Duncane be nocht alluterlie disherisit of his heritage; 1558 Deeds (Reg. H.) III 40.
Ȝit He will not thairfoir ȝe perischit be, Bot lent ȝow grace ȝour sinnis heir repent; Rolland Seven S. 2536.
(b) Jhon Vemys declarit Elizabeth vil that Vilȝam and his vif sal have the stra simpliciter John Vemis with my hand; 1556 Prot. Bk. Sir A. Gaw 39 marg.
c. Swa He wyll but dout His belouit to obserue the ordinance of His haly kirk; Winȝet I 31/32.
To will her Grace to nominat to thame the man [etc.]; 1563 Conv. Burghs I 528.
d. I will weill otheris can [Ruddim. I will thame weill can [etc.]] say mair curyusly But I haue said eftir my fantasy; Doug. Direct. 97.
2. tr.In the expression of an authoritative intention: To ordain, decree. b. With non-material subject: To demand, require, ? permit.
Gyff God will that it sa be; Barb. i 160.
I will at the landys be haldyn eftyr the tenovr of the ald charterys … in the wytnes of the qvylk … I haf set my seyll; c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
The iustyce may nocht set day attoure xv days agayne his wyl that askys lauch bot gyfe he wyl & graunt it; Burgh Laws c. 59 (B).
We will that … Patrik be payit [etc.]; a1423 (1431) Reg. Great S. 44/2.
Gif it be done in the contrar we wyl it be again callit; Reg. Maj. c. 166.
The qwhilkis we wyll nocht that thai extend to mak ony … lattyng to the fredom and kyrk of Glasgu; 1449–50 Glasgow Chart. I ii 28.
Than said the syre of the saill … 'I will na vittale be sauld your senyeour vntill.' ‘That is at your avne will,’ said wourthy Gawane; Gol. & Gaw. 145.
We wil … that the said Andro Currour … jois and bruyk the said botht; 1492 Reg. Cupar A. I 254.
Uil; 1494 Reg. Episc. Morav. 219.
The Lordis of Consale … willand and declarand … that [etc.]; 1496–7 Acta Conc. II 49.
I vil grantis and promittis that the said Georgis [etc.] … sal browyke joys and manwr pecepbil … the forsaid landis … in assedacion of me; 1521 Maxwell Mem. I 247.
Regnat, dois quhat it will; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics ii 307.
That na persoun be prejudgit of his richt we will that the masteris … bring the … shippis [etc.]; Balfour Pract. 638.
b. Rycht & resone wil that I [etc.]; Leg. S. xviii 653.
Fortowne, thowcht scho fald fekilly, Will noucht at anis myscheffis fall; Wynt. viii 4991.
3. With infinitive without to (cf. l c above): To wish, desire, have a mind, seek to do (something), freq. with the intention of fulfilling the implied desire. b. Where the subject describes a type of person so introducing a contingent element.
Quhy wil ȝe [nocht] now Tak phylet and reweng ȝow? Leg. S. iv 133.
On fwte at lykyng thow may lycht Or on hors gyve thow will be As thé thynk best; Wynt. vii 55.
On qwhat manere Will yhe ryn at this justyng here? Wyth plate scheldis sayd Ramsay; Wynt. viii 5190.
For I will dispone of my thesaure Vpon this wyse mak I my testament; K. Hart 895.
Will thow thi wyf cheis weile To the gud moder douchter se thow go; Bk. Chess 620.
In die mee sepulture I will nane haif bot our awne gyng; Dunb. (OUP) 118/98.
Quhy wilt thou not fle spedely be nycht Quhen forto haist thou hes laser? Doug. iv x 83.
Sen now al men wilbe theologis; Winȝet I 24/28.
Quhen his maister cryis hors and to the fair will mynt; Bann. MS 158a/41.
Alexander Hephburne pat his thie to stay Robert Martein and wald nocht lat him sitt doun and said … Will thow sitt on my knie, kneaff? 1622 Elgin Rec. II 174.
(b) Quhat your lordschipe wile do herto emples send ansuer; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 107.
b. Thai men that will study In the craft off astrology Knaw [etc.]; Barb. iv 718.
Quha-sa off him the south will [C. vald] reid; Barb. ix 665.
Al clerkis may se that wil it luke [etc.]; 14… Edinb. Univ. MS La.ii.318.
Qwha that wyl sel flesche [A. Ilk buchour that sellis flesch] he sal sel gude flesche; Burgh Laws c. 74 (B).
He that will pay mare na he aw, it is na payment. It is gift; Hay I 137/6.
4. As an auxiliary verb: Expressing intention, with future reference, passing into a mere expression of the voluntary nature of the action. a. In the first person. Also proverb.b. In the first person plural, in some instances expressing a proposal: Let us. c. In the second person, in interrogative use. d. In the third person. e. In the third person, in a threat.
a. I will send a man to Carrik To … speir how the kynrik Is led; Barb. iv 552 (C).
Thar sall na perell … Dryve me … to the se. Myne auentur her tak will I; Barb. v 69.
I wyll Ane vthyre questione send hym till, Quhare-in we ma assay his wit; Leg. S. iii 1049.
Makduff sayd … I will na langare karpe wyth thé; Wynt. vi 2157.
This man … Fell [etc.] … As now I will reherse yhow here; Wynt. vii 1526.
Schort amendis will I mak Thi schore compt I noght ane caik; Gol. & Gaw. 102.
Wil; Irland Mir. I 106 h. of ch.
Than thocht I thus: I will my cunnand kepe, I will not be a daw, I will not slepe, I wil compleit my promys … and cloys our buke; Doug. xiii Prol. 183.
Quhais pepill war maist wailȝeand … as we sall eftir here. Bot now I will return agane to my first mater; Bell. Boece (M) I 29.
I will nocht inpesche your grace with na ferther writin; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 233.
Quhen I cum agane … To marie ȝow I will be glaid; Lynd. Meldrum 192.
To thy mercy with thé will I go than sall my tung [etc.]; G. Ball. 127.
I wyl pas over that iniury; Buch. Wr. 57.
And I persave that I will pas to the Byris and halk; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 47*.
To this ansuerit the regent and said ‘I vill weill imploy … my haill companie thairvnto'; Pitsc. II 211/14.
The berar spak sumthing to me of freiss to be Jhone ane garment … bot I will luke for your lettir mair particularlie; 1619 Innes Sketches 522.
(b) My lordis being bund on to your grace for the comonne weill weyll put rameid in his unrasonable handlyng off yowr gracis subeis; 1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 105.
proverb. I will not baith winter and sommer yow a taill; Carmichael Prov. No. 981.
I will not crak, I will happning be a cadger; Carmichael Prov. No. 996.
b. We … wil do our besynes to bryng it thar to at our power; 1401 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 8.
Ane said this nycht Of my dremyng the tyme begynnis For thi we will pas till our innes And slepe; Seven S. 1722.
Bot now we will return to our history; Bell. Boece (M) I 74.
We vil ressone the mater sumpart; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 112/13.
(b) On all wyfis we'ill cry ane loud vengence; Lynd. Sat. 1367 (Ch.).
c. How lang will ȝe with denger deill? Dunb. (OUP) 40/6.
Wil thow murther me As thow hes done the Empreouris knichts; Rolland Seven S. 6709.
Wil thow say that the scriptouris alleget be Ecolampadius and Calvyne ar truely and propirlye allegit? Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 139/15.
My Lord, will ȝe ryid away and leif this bludie theif behind ȝou? 1609 Crim. Trials III 47.
d. Wpon grace as my autor will tell Schir Jhone the Grayme … To the Corhed come [etc.]; Wall. v 906.
I vil speir at ony man [etc.] … be quhat authoritie … vil they preif [etc.]; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 139/1.
A. schawis that scho wil be aganis thame baith; 1568 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS III lviii.
Mr. Charles Wardlaw … declares he will exerces his office no longer; 1676 Dunferm. Ann. 346.
(b) They woll [D. wolle] haue all hys gold awey; Troy-bk. ii 21 (C).
e. Ȝeild thé to me, Or eillis thy lyfe lorne wil be; Alex. ii 8633.
5. Expressing firm intention, determination or insistence. Also const. nedis.
(1) Quhy sould not palfrayis thane be prowd, Quhen gillettis wilbe schomd and schroud; Dunb. (OUP) 127/47.
Lat be fair dame thay wourdis ar in vane I will thame haue … Mak no delay bot bring thame doun to me; Freiris Berw. 297 (M).
Opponing thy self to deith saying I will not die and I sall not die; Rollock Wks. I 303.
Thai vill haue no altar … thai vill not haue glorifeit sancts … bot men lyik thair self … thai vill haue to pray for tham; Colville Paraenese 70.
Mr. Johne, we have done for you, and I have done for you, and ye will be wilfull, and keepe [etc.]; 1620 Calderwood VII 420.
(2) 1633 Aberd. Council Lett. I 378 (see Nedis adv. 2).
6. Expressing intention without strong temporal reference or where the notion of futurity is superseded by a contingent element: Choose(s) to, do(es), decide(s) to, happen(s) to.
Syne fall quhat euir that God vill send; Barb. ix 32 (C).
I sall consent … To do rycht as ȝe will dywys; Barb. xii 198.
Me Alexander of Mongumre … haf … vndyrtane till Alayne of Lawedre … that qvat tyme at he will aske me … that I sall [etc.]; c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
Thar is nan so fals a man That he na wyll lawte luf … Thocht he wald ellis [etc.]; Ratis R. 540.
7. In relation to the request, suggestion or requirement of another or necessity imposed by some external force or influence, as, reason, duty, etc. a. Expressing consent or acquiescence: Am (are, is) willing, prepared (to do something). With negative: Refuse(s). Also const. passive. b. Expressing necessity, a legal or moral requirement, passing into simple futurity: Must, is (are) going to. c. Expressing simple futurity determined by external forces or circumstance: Is (are) going to.
a. (l) ‘A thing I pray ȝow graunt me … ’ The king than sone [has] said him till, ‘I will wele graunt that it sua be’; Barb. xix 93.
Quhat wyll ye geve me? Winȝet I 7/24.
Not dowtand heirfoir bot your gude lordship … wilbe the said Mr. Maluilis addres; 1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III lvi.
Preiche … That … Quha will beleif … Thay salbe saif; G. Ball. 15.
To inquire of euery inhabitare quhat thai will bestow … and to inroll euery manis name with the sowme at … quhat thai will gif ouklie; 1574 Misc. Maitl. C. I 109.
Will yow assist and tak pairt with my sone? And the depouner at the first planelie refuisit; 1614 Crim. Trials III 307.
(b) Quhen ony man … wile one Sancte Androw cal … he helpis all; Leg. S. iii 841.
(2) Gyff thow will hald in cheyff off me … I sall [etc.]; Barb. i 154.
Gif thow will do this message, I am reddy [etc.]; Alex. i 551.
Gif yhe will adress yhu to be at ony day with hym … send vs word; 1401 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 8.
I tak on hand and ȝe will counsale keip That I sall [etc.]; Freiris Berw. 311 (B).
Quhair ȝe say he is dum Will ȝe suffer bot ane schort time to cum I find ȝow … That he sall speik; Rolland Seven S. 3046.
Quhilk easaly may be persauit gif thow vyl reade the vark of Hilarius; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 139/11.
Within ane day or twa gif ȝe will send ȝour man to me I sall satisfie ȝow; 1609 Crim. Trials III 47.
(3) How that men ma ensample ta For to serwe God … & quha-sa wil nocht, sal haf blam; Leg. S. Prol. 31.
‘Gudmen for-thi Sparis a tyme that we ma se Suthfastly gyf scho ded be!’ ‘Na,’ sad thai, ‘we wil nocht spare … hyr'; Leg. S. xvi 495.
& gif the burrow greff will nocht [B. refoysis to] doo iustice; Burgh Laws 15 (A).
Gret prid is that the sempil persouns wil nocht … trow to the halykyrk; Irland Mir. II 69/13.
Thare is na schip that wil thé now ressave; Kennedy Flyt. 470.
Hee sall suffer nane to remane with him bot sa mony as will assist to his foly; Bell. Boece (M) I 52.
For thai that vil nocht expose there bodeis … to perrel … bot rather vil thole … ther natiue cuntre to perreis; Compl. 73/15.
Siclik supersticion is amang thame that will nocht berisch … the bodis of thair freindis on the north part of the kirk yard; Hamilton Cat. 51.
That … the said Thomas Kincaid refuisis and on na wayis will find to thame sufficient cautionaris; 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 65.
Lord I purpose by Thy grace, and protestes befoir Thy maiestie that I wil nocht agrie to the breaking of Thy halie commandiments; King Cat. App. 18.
(b) Becaus he boucht his bere or it was wone off the erd thai woll nocht admit the bering of the samen; 1518 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 46.
Beggeris … begging woll fisch and cornis and will not be refuissed; 1612 Orkney & Shetl. Ct. Bk. (ed.) 19.
(4) Bot yit of ane thing vill ye be aduertit, that rewlis of oratre ar changeable; Vaus in
Innes Sketches 272 n.
b. Letters … charging him to minister justice … as he wil ansuer to the kingis hienes; 1482–3 Acta Conc. II cxvi.
Samekle as the men that laboris the ground will suere and mak faith that was sawin; 1483 Acta Conc. II cxxxiii.
He … is determit to continew for his dewite as he will ansueir to God and man; 1516 Acts XII 37/1.
c. For the compenyes portage tha woll be awne for costom [etc.] … xvi s. 8 d.; 1589–1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 55b.
[This] will liberat thame … from all forder seruice by sea and outwith there owne boundes and they wilbe no forder astrictit bot to keepe there owene boundes free of the rebelles; 1615 Highland P. III 247.
Becaus the said work will not onelie requyre a great stock [etc.]; 1620 Reg. Great S. 783/2.
8. Expressing natural disposition to do something, hence descriptive of what is characteristic in a person, quality, situation, etc. or what is habitual. Also ellipt. and proverb.
(a) Sum man for erynes will trymbill Quhen he assayit is sodanly That with awisement is douchty; Barb. ii 298.
Modir als of haly kyrk To safe synful that wil nocht irk; Leg. S. xviii 786.
Thus all thir fowlis for my filth has me at feid … Sum will me dulfully dicht, Sum dyng me to deid; Howlat 64 (A).
Suppos for lytill thing it bee Ȝit wyll men say he is leif to lee; Consail Vys Man 150.
And quhair caus is, men weill ma sie, And quhair nane is, it wilbe thocht [etc.]; Dunb. (OUP) 206/4.
Ther is na prudent man that vil iuge that [etc.]; Compl. 3/3.
Commoun folk will call thé lawit and lidder; Rolland Ct. Venus Prol. 326.
That … ye conuoy awa your master salmond fysche … and quhen ye ar kepit … your craft is ye wyll cast [pr. last] the fysche away; 1559 Inverness Rec. I 31.
That freindschip is ay faithfullest … And langest will indure; J. Maitland in Maitl. F. 435/42.
No man of hollsome judgement bot will grant we had no perequall; Pitsc. I 135/11.
The elphis will mak thé appeir to be in a fair chalmer, and yit thow will find thy selff in a mos on the morne; 1597–8 Misc. Spald. C. I 121.
Sho peirless is as all men uill agree; James VI Poems II 141/64.
Ye will find many peccant humours in these assemblies against these rules, & ye will find scairce any of them keeped; 1638 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 162.
We haw no bow to shoot with but spang them from the naillis of our thowmbes. Som tymes we will misse; bot if thay twitch … it will kill; 1662 Crim. Trials III 607.
A frieman's survant … will eat … soume 20 lb., sume 30 lb. starling a yeare; 1685 Dunlop P. III 17.
(b) It woll [D. wolle] lat no-man it to … But anerly of the keperes; Troy-bk. ii 213 (C).
ellipt. He vsit euer mercy and euer will; Irland Asl. MS 57/2.
proverb. A blak wif wil mak gude kaill; Carmichael Prov. No. 28.
A foole will not leive his balop; Carmichael Prov. No. 88.
9. Expressing capacity, ability, sufficiency: Can, is able to, will prove sufficient (to).
(a) On quhat kyn wys … Thir ilk geawndis gottyn were … I wyll mak na conclusyown; Wynt. i 310.
Serpentys ar sa gret … At thai wyll suelly wpe a dere And wyll swym all oure that se; Wynt. i 736.
A mynotawre (quhethir that he A felowne man or best sulde be I wyll noucht tel yow certanly); Wynt. ii 1227.
Quha had the ware … I wil nocht say; Wynt. ix 1688.
Quhat wil we say mare bot schortly The Ynglis men had the victory? Wynt. ix 2339.
Sum sayis thare cummis ane bukler furth of France Quhilk wyll indure ȝour dintis; Lynd. Answ. Flyting 67.
(b) If any persuade you that they wooll or maye serve withoute supporte they doo but deceyve you; 1559 Knox VI 80.
10. Used to give force to a statement, promise, request, etc.
Schyr I will wnderta That in schort tyme I sall do sa That I sall wyn ȝon pas; Barb. xviii 383.
Sitt thow this chairge I will assuire thé The second shalbe something sairer; Polwart Flyt. 67 (H).
Your lordship sall resawe ane letter … and I vill requyst yow as yow love yowr awing veill all other materis set asyd to addres yowr self hame vit dilegnes othervayis I vill this say [etc.]; 1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII 313.
Itt wilbe verie requisit that ȝowr lordship do not lippin [etc.]; 1627 Bk. Carlaverock II 95.
11. In questions with imperative force: Will ye (nocht) se, = look (at).
Schyr Jhone Cumyn … Said till him schyr will ȝe nocht se How that gouernyt is this countre Thai sla our folk [etc.]; Barb. i 485.
Wolȝe [ed. 43, wol ye] se this litill fals car as he follois me; 1517 Selkirk B. Ct. MS 57b.
12. In predictive statements or statements expressing the belief of the speaker or the speaker's judgment of a situation; of things bound to take place.
Quot. Nisbet may belong in sense 5.
(1) We have done and pretermittit na diligens as we will answer to God and oure soverane Lord; 1516 Acts XII 37/2.
O deithe I wilbe [thi] deithe; Nisbet I 3.
(b) Alace that day I'le ne'er forgett; Reid Swire 5.
(2) No thing is myne quhilk sall not ȝowris be … And of ȝour … geir Ȝhe will me serve siclyke, I haue na weir; Doug. Direct. 80.
[Song Title:] Mastres fayr, ȝe vil forfayr; Compl. 65/3.
(3) I tell ȝow a thing sekirly That ȝon men will wyn all or de … thar sall nane fle; Barb. xii 487 (C).
This chapitere now will yhow telle The wrakis [etc.]; Wynt. ii 531 h. of ch.
Bot here till ansuere to this questioun, I say treuly that be the law writtin, nocht gaynstandand that the men of were will nocht be content of this ansuere; Hay I 225/1.
Thy kindome … Sall nocht indure at thi desyre Bot as the wind will wend away; Henr. Abbay Walk 12.
Nane is amangis ws that will nocht contend … to haiff that honoure; Bell. Boece (M) I 52.
Lynd. Answ. Flyting 27 (see 15 below).
Thov lytil quair of mater miserabyll … To reid on thé thai wyl haif no delite; Lynd. Mon. (EETS) 6.
He vil go the get his mother is gone; 1586 Warrender P. MS 179.
He was never borne bot deith will tempt him, deith will be terrible to flesche and blude; Rollock Wks. I 302.
The kingis hwynting vill be schortly … tyme; 1600 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxvi.
It wilbe hard for your lordship to gett that done; 1614 Crim. Trials III 307.
Thair is mony … that or they quyte the bannok they will quyte a gude conscience; 1619 Innes Sketches 522.
(b) Duill fell the sillie merchant men To mak them service weill I ken, Thaill never get sic ane vther; Lynd. Sat. 4200 (Ch.).
proverb. A guid cow will have an ill calff; Melville Commonpl. Bk. 18.
b. In direct or indirect questions involving the nature of events to come.
How lang, Lord, wyll this warld indure? Lauder Minor P. ii 40.
Letteris … desyrand me to aduertes yow … quhat wilbe my part in this caus giff I wilbe partie [etc.]; c1575 Wemyss Corr. 74.
That ye wot not yet what it will be; 1662 Sel. Biog. I 209.
c. In a noun clause after a verb of believing, saying, hoping, etc.
(a) Heirfor … we beleiff ȝe will nocht be repugnant to thir honorabill desyris; Bell. Boece (M) II 18.
We beleif your lordschip wilbe so gracius to pardon ws; 1543 Aberd. B. Rec. I 190.
As quhair ye say that it wilbie verray hard to me … to preif that [etc.]; 1573 Cath. Tr. 18/2.
We trust that you will not be offended that [etc.]; 1585 Warrender P. (SHS) I 179.
I hope this will determin yow to doe what both in honor and dieuty yow owe [etc.]; 1700 Laing MSS II 1.
(b) I desyre yell; 1680 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II 43 (see Ȝe pron. 5).
13. In an assurance.
It is unclear whether the volition of the speaker is present or not; i.e. whether the examples are related to sense 4 or sense 12.
Traist thairfore … your hienes wil be put with na les eloquence than gravite in memory; Bell. Boece II 517.
Yowr frendis wilbe and man be frendis to yow; 1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII 313.
I mynd to send my sone thair quha wilbe your pairt; 1614 Crim. Trials III 307.
14. In the expression of something necessary or appropriate according to the nature of things or a particular thing. b. In expressing something already determined. c. In estimates of amount or approximations, expressing a calculation necessary according to the circumstances.
Bot gyf that pece be … to fynd veryte In-to na thing may be profyte For thefis amang thame pece parfyte Vill have; for-thi na pece it call; Leg. S. i 257.
Scho [sc. a mill] man haue ane new stwle … and your lordschipe sould vphald the stull … the stull will haue vij aikin schillis and ther man be [etc.]; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 107.
b. Our pairt of the said allum quhilk wilbe the tent pairt; 1620 Reg. Great S. 783/2.
c. Thar wilbe of tendit woll this yeir of your schipe fyve stane. It will gif ilk stane vij schillingis and that is ane gud price for Buchane woll … ther wilbe our mony cunningis within twa yeir, thai haue riddillit all the erdis of the linkis; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 107.
The kings haill tale vpoun the bullioun will not be 3000 li by yeir; 1641 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I xxxi.
Fourten pecks of peiss … will sowe an aker; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 68.
It will be, of perpendicular height, … 'twixt twenty-nine and thirty foots; 1683 Coll. Aberd. & B. 103.
15. In a contingent clause or construction describing a possible course of action or state of affairs, the temporal force freq. weakened or lacking.
(a) Giff it fall that thai will [C. vill] fycht Giff thai assaile we sall defend; Barb. ix 30.
Matrimone he can commend … Gyf that it will anowrnyt be Vith gud werk; Leg. S. x 365.
‘A, mychty God of hewyn!’ quoth he, ‘How youre worschip … Suld be encressit mony fauld Gyff ye wil of your cunnand hauld.' ‘This,’ saide he, ‘I sall sykkyrly’; Wynt. viii 6693.
It is off Inglis natioune The commone kend conditioune Off trewis the wertew to foryett Quhen thai will thaim for wynnyng set And rekles of gud faith to be Quhare thai can thare avantage se; Wynt. ix 2674.
The day wyll cum … That ȝe wyll draw at laiser with ȝour feiris; Lynd. Answ. Flyting 28.
Will ȝe gif me leif, schir, first till go to, And I sall [etc.]; Lynd. Sat. 493 (B).
Not the les gyf it wyll pleis the kyngis majestye [etc.]; 1542 Hamilton P. I 159.
Gif we will mak murning Sould be for our offence And not that [etc.]; Maitl. Q. 81/33.
Frome the first sent quhilke the dog perceiues … follow, rinn, or gang vthir men sa fast as thay will, it moues him nathing, he … still followis the fute of the flier; Dalr. I 21/3.
Debtes … of the quhilkis the termes are gane, ilk man that will not paie … they sall paie it of the money, that runnis fra that daie foorth; 1451 Acts (1597) i 34.
Thair wes tuo of the xx mark peceis rounged … If they will pass I sall put thame soone frome me; 1619 Innes Sketches 522.
(b) Of whilkes mensioune haue we Mayd in this booke who wole [C. will] it se; Troy-bk. ii 550 (D).
(c) If this day yeil … come [etc.]; Fowler I 320/22 (see Ȝe pron. 5).
16. In requests or instructions: (Please) do or do not.
The angel … said, Josephe … wil thou nocht [P. nyle thou] drede to tak Marie thin wif; Nisbet Matth. i 20.
This is my reasone quhy. First at the Romane court will ȝe begyn [etc.]; Lynd. Sat. 237.
Will; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 169/24 (see 17 below).
17. Expressing a result to be expected upon fulfilment of a condition, in the apodosis of a conditional or temporal clause or construction or a relative clause with undetermined antecedent. Also proverb.
(1) Ryse of this place I ne vil, Til [etc.]; Leg. S. vi 89.
Suppois the servand be lang unquit, The lord sumtyme rewaird will it; Dunb. (OUP) 207/42.
I cann nocht sa it for surte bot if it is deniit … ȝour grace wil beleyf that I say this for malis; 1524 Douglas Corr. 89.
Gyf it wyll pleis the kyngis majestye tyll send suche pouer as may rasyst thair pryd … thay wyll be gentyll inewche efterwart; 1542 Hamilton P. I 159.
Nevirtheles the tenentis … will mak thame na payment … without thai be compellit; 1550 Grey Friars II 10.
Displesours ar to cum … Quhairthrow onlie his lyfe he will recure; Rolland Seven S. 149.
Quhairfoir I wald pray ȝou that ȝe will mak ane schorte rehers [etc.] … quhilk wilbe ane grit eis for my memorie; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 169/26.
Unles ȝe … trewlie try the gyltie … Ȝe wilbe repuite lowreis; 1567 Sat. P. iii 83.
God leuuinge ws our heilthis, we will get geir enewche; 1570 Black Bk. Taymouth 429.
My counsall and will is that ȝe pas to the quenis grace … quhair the matter may be tryed … and than I will be sattisfied; Pitsc. II 211/10.
For tuithe aik Tak pellodrommy rwit … and it will put away the greiff; a1595 Misc. Spald. C. II xxx.
The inspection of pecces will finde this talke toome; Birnie Kirk-b. xix.
An I war deed you will say [etc.]; Answ. Presb. Eloq. 66.
(b) For there prophetis thre … it oft weile bocht be; Leg. S. xxviii 6.
proverb. Manie yrons in the fyre, sum will cull; 1600 Melvill 481.
(2) Quhen this ȝoung king is cumin to mannis aige … than … he will mak him to amend all wrangis [etc.]; Bell. Boece (M) I 52.
This inquest desiris to se [etc.] … thairefter thai vyll deliver [etc.]; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 137.
Ȝe se quhil ane man is luiking to hevin he will not be without tentatioun; Rollock Wks. I 302.
[His] nails … Will cut the throat of sheep or calf. When he … Turns cook to any penny-bridle; Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1751) 21.
(3) Quha that haldys hym in the lawe Till hycht hys meiknes will hym drawe; Wynt. v 2596.
He gevis ws hop … to … get all that we will desyre; Irland Mir. I 25/35.
The man that hewys ower hee The spaile will fall in his E; Ch. & M. Prints iiia 65.
Sic evidence as thai woll defend thaim in the caus movit; 1512 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 18.
All that Jhone of Ladlaw vyll swer that is leill I vyl swer with hyme; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 101.
It is said all wemen quhilkis gangis in his chapell wilbe othir blynd or wode; Bell. Boece (M) I 395.
In sik guid maner as ȝou thinkis maist convenient & wil best move him; 1571 Events Q. Mary & Jas. VI 65.
Quha is ane scheip the wolf will sone him hent; Arbuthnot in Maitl. Q. 122/111.
Ane peice of cloath, als much as will be ane pair of handskouse; 1643 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I 172.
(b) What soever it shall please youw to communicate unto him, … he wooll faythfullie reaporte the same; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 16.
b. Expressing the consequence resulting from an existing (actual or implied) state of affairs.
(a) Fra lawtie so thai leip … Thair will na kyndnes blude nor band Gar sum thair credence keip; Maitland in Maitl. F. 333/11.
Trote, tyke, to a towe, … Wee will heir tythance, peild Polwart, of thy pow; Montg. Flyt. 72 (H).
Have ye observed the providence of God? … that … possibly … We will be circumveened and drawn on to such things piece and piece; 1662 Sel. Biog. I 210.
(b) To pomp als oft [etc.] … Ȝeill nevir hald hir watter-fast; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvi 16 (see Ȝe pron. 5).
18. a. absol. or ellipt.With omission of clause object, corresp. to sense 1 b.
Sen we may nocht dele with mycht Help ws all that we may with slycht The king said sen that thow will swa Ga furth & I sall with thé ga; Barb. vii 15.
And said, ‘All gangis as we will’; Barb. x 426.
The said secound penny I sall gife thé For this ȝoung maid gif that thow will; Colk. Sow ii 62.
b. In parenthetic phrases: God willand (willing), (gyve) God will, will God, if it be the will of God, if it be pleasing to God, please God. See also God n. 4 (3).
(1) We thynk God wilnande to mak ȝhow and yhowris … gud rewarde; 1416 Red Bk. Menteith I 286.
The wiffe of qwylom Schir Willyame of Douglas, the quhilk I think, God willande, to lede into wiffe; 1423–4 Wemyss Chart. 47.
Als sone as the forsayd … is off lachfull eld that [thai] may be maryd … thai sall be maryt, God wylland; 1438 Lennox Mun. 69.
Wyland; 1475 Peebles B. Rec. I 173.
Now in this buke God willand sall be declarit [etc.]; Irland Asl. MS 61/7.
The saidis lord and Mathow sall, God willande, meit … ate ten houris befor noyn; 1494 Lennox Mun. 152.
Sir Wilȝame maister of the sang schuyll … God wlland sall cause sex bernis of the queir [etc.]; 1537 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 412.
(b) The quhylk the sayd lord sall do, God wyllyng; 1509 Lennox Mun. 189.
Robert sal, Godwilling, mari his sone … apone [etc.]; 1530 Montgomery Mem. 111.
Welleng; c1560 Maxwell Mem. II 127.
To mak the redar cleirly to onderstand (God willing) quhow [etc.]; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 115/19.
God willing, I salbe layth to bring ȝow in ony questiowne, bot … guid and honorable; 1584 Grant Chart. 158.
(c) Thai sall God willene decor and dote thar said altar [etc.]; 1519 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 353.
God willan; 1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 97.
Wolyne; 1593 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 69a.
Thes is the compenes hiris that is boun ham with me God wollyne that was ine the New Fondland; 1599 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 34b.
(2) Gyve God will owris sall be this day; Wynt. viii 2565.
For thar, God will, is our purpos to be; Wall. ix 179.
Wall. vi 241 (see God n. 4 (3)).
That thar salbe, wyll God, litill offens; Doug. ix Prol. 95.
And thayr effter ȝe sall knaw, wyll God, farder owre mynd; 1534 St. P. Henry VIII IV 673.
Certifying ȝour grace, will God, we intend nevir tobe sa cummersum agane unto ȝour grace; 1540 St. P. Henry VIII V 181.
WilGod; 1544 St. P. Henry VIII V 396.
The said Jhon Donaldson sal mary, vil God, and have to vif the said Margaret Anderson; 1549 Prot. Bk. Sir A. Gaw 4.
I sall do bettir, will God, ane vthir day; Pitsc. I 5/23.
(b) Quhat your grace list command, wryt and it sall be doun, well God; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 281.
c. absol. or ellipt.With omission of clause object, corresp. to sense 2 b. Chiefly as law will.
(1) Bot tha sall ger it be redressit als lawe of Marche vill; 1385 Rot. Sc. II 73/2.
To kep … tha said landis to the said Jon … dedlyk as the law wil; 1406 (1427) Reg. Great S. 17/2.
Thar sal mak them na party with thaum bot in sobir manere as la lach will; 1409 Exch. R. IV ccx.
Thai sal haffe … leffe to persew … alssfer as law wyl; 1438 Soc. Ant. Chart. (Reg. H.) No. 4.
Gif a crime … mycht efter it was anys jugit cum again in jugement, thare suld be nane end of process … the quhilk law will nocht; Hay I 274/4.
That Johne McGille sall be harmeles of the said William … bot as law will; 1480 Acta Conc. I 54/1.
That na seculare personis have intrometting with thaim uther wais than law will; 1511 Reg. Privy S. I 345/1.
The quhilk hors the said Williem optenit be his gret atht and his wotnes, as law woll; 1520 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 60.
The samyn salbe maid furthcumand to the said David … as lawe will; 1657 Rothesay B. Rec. 7.
(2) Gif Robert Stewart [etc.] … will … be bundyn to this band … thai sal be tane in it … as the nature of the band will; 1409 Exch. R. IV ccxii.
19. absol. or ellipt.With omission of a verb of motion.
I will na forthyr bot rycht her I will byd; Barb. vi 618.
It is tyme to ga our gait. Now hamewart to our men will we; Alex. ii 3359.
In haist will I hens To the purpos; Howlat 38 (A).
In France I will to wyn my leffyng thar; Wall. x 779.
Quhy wald thow hald that will away? Dunb. (OUP) 192/27.
‘Quhar, dysmall, wilt [Sm., Ruddim. wil] thou now?’ gan Gyas cry; Doug. v iv 15.
It is said in this cuntre the Quenis grace and the Erll of Arane will the Franch way; 1524 Douglas Corr. 89.
I will in; 1567 Crim. Trials I i 495.
Quhat hand may hald that will away; Bann. MS 257b/40.
For this lyfe will away; Rollock Wks. I 317.
20. absol. or ellipt.With omission of the infinitive, to be supplied from the context. a. Chiefly corresp. to sense 3. b. Appar. corresp. to sense 7. Also proverb.
Freq. in contingent constructions.
a. (1) Sen thow hes sic inuy To venge my harm, gif that thow will, Thow may haue laisere sone thair-till; Alex. i 3021.
Drynk or lewe quhethyr evyre thow wylle; Wynt. iv 562.
He lyis als in Ycolmkill Hys epitaphy red quha will; Wynt. vi 674.
Do this dede yhit wyth honeste Gyve othir thow may, or dare, or wille; Wynt. vii 71.
Ilk man may gif … landis that he has conquest to quham that euer he will [B. wyl]; Burgh Laws c. 89 (A).
Thai sal in pese gang qwhar thai wyl [A. sal]; Burgh Laws c. 40 (B).
Quhill the nychtburis … haf coft at thai wyll; 1471 Peebles B. Rec. I 167.
‘Forsuith,’ said the coilȝear,'traist quhen thow will, For [etc.]'; Rauf C. 55.
Do as ȝe will; Henr. Fab. 1808 (Ch.).
As thow has deferrit thi pennance langtym befor sa will thou ȝit; Irland Asl. MS 5/27.
Ve ordand this voman to preif this curchy hirris with ane sufficient preiff ony day that scho vyl; 1527 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 90.
Now lat my lady do quhat evir scho will; Scott xvii 22.
Say quhat ȝe will this day I will gif ȝow na ansuer; 1609 Crim. Trials III 47.
(2) Gif ȝe confes the samin, as we dout nocht bot ȝe wil do; Winȝet I 79/23.
b. Now help quha will for … fecht will I; Barb. xviii 51.
It is gude thing … To nurris gude men … And he that negaitis do na will [F. Qui faire ne le vuet] … He sall repent him; Alex. i 3153.
proverb. The man that will nocht quhen he may Sall haif nocht quhen he wald; Henr. Robene & M. 92.
He that will not when he may, shall not when he wald; Ferg. Prov. No. 342.
B. Wald, used as a main verb or an auxiliary verb.
I. Past tense with purely temporal function.
21. As a main verb: Corresp. to sense 1. a. With simple object: Desired, wished for. b. With clause object: Wished (that). c. With to and the infinitive: Wished to. d. Maintained, wanted to make out.
Also in collocation with Nil(l v. 2 and Ild(e v., pt., qq.v. for examples.
a. (1) He of mane lowe wald nane [L. humanam gloriam fugiens]; Leg. S. xxiv 261.
As thai … wald thare herytage … He wald thame helpe; Wynt. vi 2099.
The ta party wald it, and the tothir partye wald it nocht; Hay I 45/19, 20.
Diomeid … wald of me no moir; Henr. Test. Cress. 102.
All the laif … come … to wit quhat he wald; Stewart 36147.
Makdufe … suspitione tuke Of Makcobey, that he wald him na gude; Stewart 40065.
He … apnet his mynd to thame all, and quhat he walde. Thame he persuades [etc.]; Dalr. II 265/6.
(2) He … profferit to trete with thame of pes bot thai … wald of na pes, sayand thai desyrit erar were na pes; Hay I 48/28.
b. He wald thai vare twelfe … & nocht to be in nowmyre lewyne; Leg. S. xii 310.
He walde that kynde sulde be [etc.]; Wynt. i 43.
Quha defamyt war … Wald al the laif war to thaim lyk; Thewis Gud Women 186.
He … wald that he nane harm hynt; Gol. & Gaw. 872.
Scho wald erar the siluer that he fand Suld [etc.]; Bk. Chess 615.
He … wald also this regioun … War callit Latium; Doug. viii vi 26.
Nather walde I that ȝour serenitie weyet my mynd … with the price of this gift; Dalr. I 296/27.
c. I wald nocht to haue Paradise In thank to change to be … out of this companie; Alex. i 414.
I wald not for all the carse of Gowrie To be a bischop in his esteat; 1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv 475.
d. Eich of thame his taill in ordoure tauld. I vnderstuid thair sentence quhat thay wald; 1567 Sat. P. vii 5.
22. With infinitive with omission of to: Corresp. to sense 3, desired, wished to, with implications of next.
(a) Sum wald haiff the Balleoll king; Barb. i 49.
James of Douglas In Douglasdaill traualand was … For he valde se his gouernyng That had the castell in keping; Barb. vi 384 (C).
Vald; Leg. S. Prol. 104.
Our ald ennemys … That neuyr ȝeit to Scotland wald do gud; Wall. i 8.
Thir folk … wer vpbred as seruitouris … And with this king wald woun in weill and wo; K. Hart 44.
That he wauld his sone hed strekin out all George Heruis harins; 1507 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 93.
Quhen this Mathou … wald ga to hethin men [etc.]; Nisbet I 17.
Thocht sindry nobill men in his army decernit victory to be vsit on thame with maist rigoure … ȝite he wald be moir propiciant; Boece (M) I 181.
Thocht all hir kin suld haue bein deid Sche wald haue bot sweit Willie; Christis Kirk 29 (M).
This lord of him tuik sa greit ioy, That he him self wald him conuoy; Lynd. Meldrum 380.
Nathing I craue For I haue gottin that I wald haue; Lynd. Meldrum 563.
That he wald haif hir in howseld that he mycht be fulfillit of hir; 1568 St. A. Kirk S. 309.
Fiakre … walde lyue the lyfe of ane heremite … and diet maist halylie; Dalr. I 237/3.
(b) Quhill death I wish'd, lyf then refuised to liue me: Liue quhill I wold, death then propon'd to riue me; Mure Early Misc. P. ii 66.
23. Corresp. to senses 4 and ? 5. a. Intended to, meant to, was determined to. b. In weakened sense, conveying no more than an indication of the voluntary nature of the action: Did.
a., b. Quhen the king saw he vald nocht let Bot ay cum on … He [etc.]; Barb. v 622 (C).
Tharfor to purpos gan he ta That he off Irland wald be king; Barb. xiv 7.
[To] dee thare tham leware wes ay Thane fore to thol subieccione … Thar-fore thai wald tham-self sla; Leg. S. vii 487.
Nocht forthy the king of Fraunce for all that forbeding wald leve na forbere to ger fulfill the said bataill bot wald hald up the custumes of kingis [etc.]; Hay I 75/19.
To the Coilȝearis hous baith, or thay wald blin; Rauf C. 92.
Ilk ane man gaif his consait How at thai wald dispone thame; Peblis to Play 64.
Comperit Johne of Waluode … and Agnes Hugone his spovs and sade thai walde resigne the fee; 1500 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 302.
Wylȝem Haifwery accusyt Allane Leppar that … he … wald haf tane ane … speid fra hym, & harlyt hym & the spaid; 1507 Prestwick B. Rec. 40.
Intil our blynd fury … instantly we wirk And forto drug and draw wald neuer irk Quhil [etc.]; Doug. ii iv 84.
They al consalit my lord to speid him to the said conwention … qwhar they wald common at lyncht with my lord in the saidis afferis; 1545 Douglas Corr. 160.
That ladie was dolent … From tyme scho saw he wald depart; Lynd. Meldrum 176.
Or he wald come, Johne Gordoun … come befoir him; Diurn. Occurr. 126.
Scho … said scho valde gaitt remeid for hir; 1610 Misc. Maitl. C. I 416.
It is reported that your majestie … fel on Barret's opinion that you wald cause the universities mak an Inglish grammar; Hume Orthog. 2.
The said William declarit that he wald pretend na richt nor interest to the sweiping … of the saidis briggis; 1634 Peebles Gleanings 162.
(b) The said abbot … allegeand that he had interes to thai landis and wald defend that actioun and tharfor it wes allegeit be the said Hew [etc.] … that he sould noucht hef ane delay because that the said abbot … said he wauld defend; 1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 171.
(c) That we haid spokine off his Graice that … we waild mismak him; 1575 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 41.
(d) The minister reportit that he waud be at this visitatioun; 1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 20 July.
(e) Clariodus … the water brocht … that he [sc. the Felloun] be baptisit wold; Clar. ii 160.
So bendit beine he mycht not byd to crawe In Cupids luiflie ludge ingres till hawe Bot be bald battrie vold the blockhouse tak; J. Stewart 51/102.
Untill the session adwysit quhat order they wold tak concerning [etc.]; 1629 Kinghorn Kirk S. 32.
‘Wold scho lay hir dead upon Elspet Watsone’ and scho said ‘indeid wold scho’; 1631 Elgin Rec. II 220.
[He] answered he saw no law for him heir, and vold craw no law; 1643 Strathbogie Presb. 38.
(f) He shew in this he would see the king obeyed; 1638 Baillie I 84.
I said I would watch o'r my wayes; Mure Psalmes xxxix 1.
(g) [She] ansrit that sche wud do no thing till scho lokit about hir; 1633 Hibbert P. No. 7.
24. Corresp. to sense 7, expressing a reaction in response to some external reason or circumstance: Was willing, prepared, disposed to. Cf. next.
(a) For that he wes amourous He vald ysche fer the blithlyer; Barb. viii 457 (C).
Wytht bettyr wyll yhit othir ma In to that brynnand fyre walde [W. couth] ga … That in to serwytute to be; Wynt. iv 1908.
Thai answerit … it was nocht his prowe To haue knawlege of his ending … Nocht than thai wald weill warn him of quhat dede [etc.]; Hay Alex. 2639.
The king … Commandand him out of Scotland to pas Or to relax … The proces … He chesit erar out of Scotland to ga, Or he wald fald or faill in ony thing; Stewart 46638.
At hir he did inquire, Quhat scho wald haue and fulfill his desire … Scho askit him ane hundreth florens; Rolland Seven S. 6448.
Thair wes tyme and place grantit to all that wald appone thame thairto; 1574 Misc. Maitl. C. I 99.
And seing that they in the name of the gildrie wald allow [etc.]; 1675 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. MS 22 Nov.
(b) To my Lady Ruthven in complete paymt of what she would take for the space we were with her; 1677 Cunningham Diary 101.
25. In negative constructions, corresp. to senses 22-24 chiefly sense 24: Was not willing, prepared or disposed to; refused to.
(a) Josaphus wald nocht Consent til it; Leg. S. vii 489.
[He] walde nocht thole thame to pas throu his boundis; Hay I 7/18.
That sege wald sit with none wrang Of berne that wes borne; Gol. & Gaw. 90.
For na gold … wald I … Be fundin fals to the King; Rauf C. 499.
Wallace stud still and couth na handis ta Frendschipe to thaim na liknes wald he ma; Wall. vi 890.
Bot quhen my billis and my bauchlis wes all braid selit I wald na langar beir on bridill bot braid up my heid; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 348.
Malcom vald nocht schaw ane euident or entres that he haid to the clayme forsaid; 1517 Wigtown B. Ct. 75a.
Mr. Alexander … sayd the devill ane penne he wald spend upon the kyrk; 1561 St. A. Kirk S. 85.
Afore thay dayis na man … wald resaue the office of ane pastour, quhil he wes almaist compellit thairto; Winȝet I 7/3.
The foirsaidis personis vald nocht gif weche; 1564 Inverness Rec. I 110.
The hennis of Hadingtoun sensyne wald nocht lay For this; Gyre-carling 28.
Quhen [I] … com to Dundye to rasaue the said salmond fra James Blayr, the said James wald nocht ansuer nor ken me for thame; 1572 Inverness Rec. I 219.
He … quhome thow waldst not support [etc.]; Fowler II 145/4.
Alexander Setoun … defendet sa manfullie … that in extreme necessitie of prouisioun … he walde remit and gyue ouer nathing of his priuilege; Dalr. II 16/10.
(b) Agnes Wilsoun … being askit quhy scho waild not accompleisch mariage with James Colme … anserit [etc.]; 1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 5 Jan.
(c) He declynyt the balȝe and sayd he wayd not be cureckyt be hym … He sayd he wald pas furth … ande he wuld not obey [etc.]; 1468 Lindores A. 163.
Cubbe Cayne … vad nocht fynd sovuerte; 1514 Wigtown B. Ct. 30b.
(d) Neuermore he wolde Ryd of his lond, but in his cumpany O hundyre knyghtis; Lanc. 753.
That nethere I nor ony othere in my name … woolde or schulde … medle witht [etc.]; 1518 Elphinstone Mun. 191/1.
Offerit him … gold Quhilk be na way ressaue fra him he wold; Rolland Seven S. 3775.
Her Highnes neither culd nor wold be juged in this cause; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV 132.
[He] puls the comte quho vold not fald So that his girddis vas constraind to crak; J. Stewart 69/158.
Bouw I vold nocht to that blindit bitche; J. Stewart 228 § 112.
Marioun Blair … wold gif no derect ansuer; 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 4.
Thomas Moat … sayes go pay your lawing. And he says he would no for him; c1610 Lanark B. Rec. 121.
With many opprobrous speeches affirming that he vold not be corrected be him; 1643 Strathbogie Presb. 38.
(e) Wuld; 1468 Lindores A. 163 (see (c) above).
(f) The chyld died also becaus the nurs wod not repeat the charme; 1650 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. LI (1975) 54.
26. Corresp. to sense 8: Was in the habit of, did habitually or consistently, was accustomed to, used to (do). Freq. accompanied by a reinforcing adv. or adv. phr., as ay, oft, mony tyme, etc.
(a) Quharfor in all hys lyve-tyme he … neuer wald for myscheiff faill Bot [etc.]; Barb. i 310.
That tyme wes na prelate That men gef til sa mikil state Ȝet wald he mekly on fete ga [etc.]; Leg. S. xl 557.
Syndry spyrytys … Slepande women walde supprys … That gat thir geawndis; Wynt. i 316.
On hys face … Ay hys a fute he walde set … Apon his hors quhen he wald leipe; Wynt. v 2312.
Oft wald he kiss it [sc. Bruce's heart], and cry: ‘O flour of all chewalry!’; Howlat 478 (A).
Off hir curage, scho wald … Syng lyke the merle and crawe lyke to the coke; Lynd. Test. Pap. 91.
Gold and siluer that I micht gett … Frely to gife I wald nocht lett To pleis [etc.]; Kennedy in Bann. MS 268a/19.
The said Jonat … waild now and than cwm [etc.]; 1620 Perth Kirk S. MS 6 June.
Et vos skipperii, soliti qui per mare breddum Valde procul lanchare foris; Polemo-Mid. 8.
(b) The preist, … his concubine wald hyde … And quhylis quhen he tyrit of ane wold gett in other; 1571 Sat. P. xxix 32.
Syn quhan his raidge vold reull him … He at ane pull vold suddanlie vptak [etc.]; J. Stewart 94/540, 541.
He wold send me now and then [etc.]; 1662 Crim. Trials III 611.
Peiss and beir wold be sowne immediatlie efter the land be tealed but vheit neids not be sowne immediatlie; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 68.
Infeild oates wold be sown about twentie dayis after the tealing of the land but owtfeild they teill it when they teill the wheit land; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 68.
They dwelt in houses of small branches of trees and they would not go into a great hall to take their dinner but they went into their booths; 1699 Kirkton Hist. xxxvii.
b. Of sustained action on a single occasion: Persisted in (saying), continued to (say), maintained.
& thare wele foure dais can thai ley But met & drink & wald say That [etc.]; Leg. S. vii 483.
Thar was ane greit brut … in Berwek that the prences off Scotland vas deid and swm pwir folkis was weill content and uderis vas werray sorye. Swm vald say that weir vald ceis [etc.]; 1547–8 Corr. M. Lorraine 222.
27. Corresp. to sense 9: Was able to, could.
For blude that of the burnand irn out brast—Thair was na wark that in thair hand wald laste; Hay Alex. 3022.
This trew woman thaim seruit weill … With lynt and fyr that haistely kendill wald; Wall. vii 423.
Thocht sowme of the nobilietie thocht this and proponitt the same it wald nocht sinke in thair heartis quhilk had sic bluid loue into France at that tyme they could nocht considder quhat was the weillfair of thair awin realme; Pitsc. II 106/19.
[This] wresting thread … wald mak ony wrest of man or beast haill; 1616 Dalyell Darker Superst. 118.
proverb. Ye wold wyle the devil from ane blait body; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1652.
28. absol. or ellipt.In uses corresp. to a. Sense 18 a. b. Sense 19. c. Sense 20.
a. Al was as he wad and as he desyred; Dalr. II 203/25.
b. & hald thar way Rycht as thai wald to Lanark far; Barb. viii 447.
Tharfor ewyn til hym he walde [: taulde]; Wynt. viii 4776 (C).
His courtlie cloke begouth to fayd … Ȝit wald he nocht away; K. Hart 505.
Thai wald to France without delay; Knox II 271.
c. The toun was opnit; all enterit that wald; Hay Alex. 2001.
Caflis to cast about thir v began It wald on him … Continualy, quhill thai had castyn thrys; Wall. vii 385.
Quhill thai till him had done all at thai wauld [: hauld]; Wall. xi 1400.
(b) I was not so bastlye as to pane my awin accusatione, nather woute I; 1584 Gowrie P. 39.
29. Corresp. to sense 12: Turned out to (be), was (were) going to (be); in expressing the anterior future, of things bound or arranged to take place, or things believed by the protagonist to be going to take place.
(a) Palme Sonday … than the folk off that countre Assemblyt at the kyrk wald be; Barb. v 310.
[They] Baid him be blyth for that [sc. his death] wald nocht be sone For mekill thing by him first suld be done; Hay Alex. 2645.
Chargeng thame to do justice to baith the saidis partiis as thai wald ansuer to God; 1496 Acta Conc. II 10.
Sche had foir-knawledge … gif thay wald leue or nocht; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 232.
He again gessit that leasingis wald be maid against him; Melville Mem. 66.
The paynttour that waild wndertak the said wark; 1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 23 Aug.
I kent ay you wad doe this sin the day I lyed my hands on your head; 1700 Jervise Memor. Angus & Mearns I 103.
(b) Elspet Watsone sould haue said to hir the seiknes of the bairne wold licht upon hir; 1631 Elgin Rec. II 220.
Shoe told me I behooved to quyte landwert labouring for I would not gett libertye to dwell their; 1654 Johnston Diary II 272.
Who appeirandlie only might be elected one of the members of the burgh of Edinburgh who wold … indeavour ther owne interest; 1660 Aberd. Council Lett. IV 11.
Sir George Mackenie (who wold not ly); 1666 Laing MSS 349.
b. Corresp. to sense 12 c: In a noun clause expressing the object of a belief or judgment.
Thai trowyt that he as gud nychtbur … Wald hawe iugyt in lawte Bot othir-wayis all ȝheid the gle; Barb. i 89.
I trow thai walde … Rewarde thame … for thare bownte; Wynt. viii 6810.
Thai him said, in trewth he suld nocht de; King Eduuard wald kep him in gud saufte; Wall. xi 1070.
Thir … arbitouris … said that thai hard Richert Brydin sayand to Jenot Portuus that scho mycht big ane fair hall anent the forgait, and the said Jenot said naye, that scho wald big nane; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 99.
I treste that thay vald be contentit to send ane harot for ane salfe condoyt … bot thay ville nocht that me Lord Leuttenent sal see ther commission [etc.]; 1545 Douglas Corr. 155.
His discipulis quhilkis var vaik … quha belewit that our Saluiour wald hef giffin His flesche [etc.]; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 118/17.
They feirit that thai wald never conqueise thair realme out of Inglischmens handis; Pitsc. II 106/23.
II. In modal use.
30. As a main verb, in a hypothetical context: Would or should like, desire, wish, seek. a. With simple object. b. With clause object.
a. Sa dois he heir promittand to thé to lyve to thin eild and do pennance that standis in Goddis hand and the enemy wate nocht of ane of thai na wald nocht ane of thaim, bot all he dois for thi decepcioun; Irland Asl. MS 5/1.
Quhat euer ȝe wald that men dw to ȝou dw ȝe sicklick to thayme; Gau 11/13.
Gif ony be wald him na gude, Lat thame [etc.]; 1567 Sat. P. v 139.
Quhat vald ye nou that ane pure man … sould do; Burne Disput. in Cath. Tr. 148/12.
Till thay haif wrocht the thing thay wauld; Rob Stene 16.
All thame that vald the contrair; Pitsc. I 31/35.
The eyes sa reddie are to see … what sa the fantasie wald; Hume 19/70.
b. Swet son … I wald blythly that thow war thar Bot [etc.]; Barb. ii 115.
For we ar thai at wald at gud acord war betwex yhu & hym; 1401 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 8.
We desire and wald that his said gudis war restoryt agayn sa that it nedyt vs not to entromet tharewith; 1443 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 44.
Quhare thai [sc. sloth, etc.] have evill thai wald it war wer; Hay II 59/31.
Schir Jhon the Graym wald at a bykkyr beyn; Wall. viii 1029.
How sould I rewill me … I wald sum wyse man wald devys; Dunb. (OUP) 214/2.
I wald the gudman wist that we wer heir; Freiris Berw. 264 (B).
I wald thay borrowstounis barnis had breikkis; Lynd. Syde Taillis 89.
Ane lipros man … wald all men war seik as he; Rolland Seven S. 5868.
Gif ȝe wald we war saifit be our awin fayth erar than be ȝouris; Winȝet I 135/17.
I wald that in tyme of my faithful subiectis did sa mekil that thai war not behynd the hand; 1568 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS III lviii.
This precept I wald your grace suld nocht forȝeit; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 50*.
Said freik I vid ye flie Or I sall brikin ye full ryt; Sir Colling 89.
Sen ye are wairned, I wald not ye were blekkit; 1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv Pref. 114.
(b) A wadd we had him again; Answ. Presb. Eloq. 66.
(c) I wold he had bene brunt sewin yeir syne; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 49.
I wold ye vnderstude [etc.]; Ferg. Tracts 8.
c. Wald God, wolde (would) to God, expressing a longing or earnest desire.
(1) Wald God I had bene borne on beire That day; Seven S. 805.
Optatiuo modo, yarnand mode: utinam amatus essem … wald God I have bene lwfit; 1522 Grant Burgh Schools 52.
Wald God I wer this daye with hym confest, And my deuyse dewlie be hym addrest; Lynd. Test. Pap. 729.
From ȝour flyting, wald God, that I wer fred; Lynd. Answ. Flyting 3.
Wald God (said I) ȝe did remane all ȝeir; Lynd. Mon. 6324.
As I am wyife wald God that he war man; Maitl. Q. 209/40.
But wald God this had bene all, quhilk was ouer mekill; Fowler II 25/13.
A famous wniuersitie … quhilkes wald God thay at this tyme flurished alsweil in thair theologie, as thay flurishe in thair philosophie; Dalr. I 37/7.
Wald God the day sall come anone That [etc.]; Montg. Suppl. i 11.
(b) Wuld God I micht sie ane miserabill mischeiffe to befall thame; Pitsc. I 21/20.
Would to God that I … at Troy did ly! Mure Dido & Æneas i 263.
(2) Wald God gife this law wer kepit now; Abell 50b.
Wald God if it wer gettible for geir! Montg. Sonn. xlix 5.
(b) Wolde to God, yf this case were to be debated betwixt me & my malicious adversarie, bodie for bodie! 1584 Gowrie P. 30.
(3) Nor I byd not to stryve and wyn the gre, Howbeyt, wald God [L. quamquam o], that war a gloir to se! Doug. v iv 68.
(4) We wish be wald God, God grant, and God nor; Hume Orthog. 31.
31. Corresp. to sense 2 b, with some contingent element.
The gilt spuris … He suld … ger hew ȝow fra, Richt vald with cowardis men did swa; Barb. xvi 598 (C).
Resone wald that [etc.]; Leg. S. xii 287.
Thow can nothire hald na say That stedfast trowth wald or gud fay; Wynt. vi 2160.
Ilk spousyt man sal ansuar for his wif … & doo for hyr at dome walde; Burgh Laws c. 23 (A).
& this wald the law of armes; Loutfut MS 114a.
Rycht wald we suld lufe him agane; Bann. MS 30a/79.
Reasoun wauld it so; Fowler I 233/21.
32. As an auxiliary verb: With potential or conditional force, used to soften the present indicative as found in sense 3, and, hence, almost equivalent to it: Should like to or want to, would wish to, seeks to. Freq., with implication of intention, chiefly in p.t., as wald have (once wald a), also with omission of have: Should or would seek to, seeks to. Also proverb. b. Expressing (a degree of) politeness, deference or hesitation. Only 1st person. c. Of a thing or circumstance: Requires, needs, ought to. d. With personal subject: Should, ought to.
Also const. Fain(e adv., Nedis adv. 2, qq.v. for further examples.
(1) pres. At the quilk acord he sayis he wald be gladly; 1401 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 8.
A schip cumis in … the chipmen wald haf thar hiris; Ship Laws c. 19 (A).
Father, I wald not be kend; Henr. Test. Cress. 380.
Heir wald I tell of the thrid hid penny; Colk. Sow iii 3.
He [sc. the sinner] biggis him a hame … in hell quhar he wald neuer duell … and the place that God … has ordanit to him in the hevyne quhar he wald duell all his lyftyme he has lauborit to distroy; Irland Asl. MS 64/9, 64/11.
Sum unworthy to browk ane stall Wald clym to be ane cardinall; Dunb. (OUP) 120/50.
And send me vord quhat I sale do tharto for I wald nocht tak fra him na brokin compt; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 107.
Lovn, thou leys. Ha, wald thou fecht? Doug. viii Prol. 123.
Greit lordis and lairdis the court wald hald in hand; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 12.
The said James … aucht not to perise suppois he wald peris, quia non auditur perire volens; 1561 Crim. Trials I i 415.
For all his raschnes in speiking he kenis weill ynoughe wherat he wald be; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 40.
Makkie said quhat thou wald be at, druken dyvor; 1634 Dumbarton B. Rec. 43.
(b) That it war vtherwayes I na wold, Forsuith nocht for ane wall of gold; Alex. ii 7068.
He that wold leif most lerne to dy; Bann. MS 20a/16.
Sen thow wold know … I will thé tell; Fowler I 47/15.
Thoght thine owin eyes be blind, Ȝit woldst thou teach ane other; Mure Early Misc. P. i 76.
proverb. Do tyll ilk wight as thou done to waldbe; Doug. ix Prol. 13.
They that meikle hes wald have mair; Carmichael Prov. No. 1612.
p.t. The folk of Rowme, … Raisit in hym sedicione, And wald have brokyn his palace done; Leg. S. ii 164.
He sall thé set in mekle pane Sen that thov wald haif put his nek In till the ȝoke; Wynt. vi 2097 (W).
His land … borch … for [etc.] … to be payt at a certane terme bipassit for the quhilkis … the said Dauid wald a distressit; 1455 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i 248 (29 Nov.).
Quhen scho him saw, scho wald haiff knelyt doune; Wall. viii 1233.
[He] wald haif had the king of Scitais dochtir in mariage; Abell 13a.
I tuik the sone beim in my neif And wald haue climmyng bot it wes in the clippis; Lichtoun Dreme 53 (M).
Fra Pilat fand of deid na caus In Christ he wald haue lattin him ga; Maitland in Maitl. Q. 45/66.
— Ȝe say he wald deforcit ȝour quene; Rolland Seven S. 3053.
Quhair scho sayis that I wald hir opprest That is in treuth ane lesing; Rolland Seven S. 8202.
The same North Berwick Law … This carling … wald away carreit; Gyre-carling 31.
(b) To ane brid of Leith that met the king in the gait, and wold have kissit hyme, xiiij s.; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 314.
— The bischops wold gladlie passed by the said petitions; Rothes Affairs Kirk 7.
(2) He suld be luffit … That wald sa fane our luve obtene; Dunb. (OUP) 66/82.
The vnnfaithfull that wald nedis haue takins; Nisbet I 7.
The warld wald sauit be full faine, And cum to gloir, but croce or paine; G. Ball. 29.
The troupers would fain been away; Kirkton Hist. 431.
b. ‘Madame,’ said he,' … Sen this sa schort the mater cummis on case I wald require the copy of that quair'; Rolland Ct. Venus i 882.
Ȝit humelie with hert inteir I wald beseik ȝour maiesteis [etc.]; Lauder Off. Kings 529.
The samyn commendatioun of seruice I vaild ye maid to my lordis of Cassellis, [etc.] … I vaild also [etc.]; 1560 Waus Corr. 22.
Quhairfoir I wald pray ȝou that ȝe will mak ane schorte rehers of the effect and substance of ȝour ressoning; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 169/24.
Spirat, ergo vivit, as I wald say, he aindes ergo he lives; Knox VI 205.
And I wald wische that ȝour lordschip wald [etc.]; 1609 Acts IV 421/1.
Heer I wald commend to our men quhae confoundes these the imitation of the south, quhilk doth wel distinguish these soundes; Hume Orthog. 10.
(b) I wold be verie glad to knowe [etc.]; 1544 Douglas Corr. 153.
Yowr lordship hes never … acqwentit me withe yowr lordships mynd in that particular quhat yowr lordship wold have from me for it; 1629 Bk. Carlaverock II 114.
c. Ȝit wald my mouth be wet with drink; Dunb. (OUP) 115/16.
That passage of essaye vald be veil considrit ande nocht to be vndirstandin be the letteral expositione; Compl. 29/31.
This is a verie heich cryme in the tryall quhairof thair wald be men … quha hes knawledge to discerne upoun everie point; 1606 Reg. Privy C. VII 239.
proverb. Mekill walde haf mare; Ch. & M. Prints iiia 60.
Ane evil yuke wald have a gude clawer; Carmichael Prov. No. 60.
Meikle eat wald have meikle weit; Carmichael Prov. No. 1114.
A wisnand wind wald have a weit; Carmichael Prov. No. 250.
(b) The wordis would be weyit particularlie; Rollock Wks. I 303.
d. None are exempted … were it the disciple whom Jesus loved … yet he must be a companion in tribulation … Folks would not think this strange, that afflictions light on these whom Christ loves best: the servant is not greater than the lord. It should comfort sufferers … to be sufferers for Christ; Durham Comm. Rev. 26.
You would know that there are degrees of sympathie according as the case requires … You would know that every time is not fitt for all expressions of sympathie … for in doing so I should make his heart glad which God would have made sad; 1661–5 Sel. Biog. II 74.
33. In the apodosis of a conditional sentence, variously const., with personal subject, implying intention or volition: Should choose or be willing to, should intend to.
(1) ‘Dame,’ said the king, ‘wald thou me vis To that place … I wald [E. sall] revard thé'; Barb. iv 480.
Ȝet vald I & I mycht, Na var eld & falt of sycht, Of the twelf appostolis spek now; Leg. S. Prol. 97.
Gif all ȝour wissis sa sone suld fall I wald I had ane of thame; Alex. ii 2018.
At the quhilk accord he sayis he wald be gladly and sal nocht leve in his defaute; 1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380.
That walde I fayne ware at assay Quhare we mycht fecht wyth ewyn menye And ane of thame thare wald I be; Wynt. viii 6668.
Gif I him put to foster … All men will say [etc.] … And also quhan he cummis to perfyte age I wald haue dred to mak ane wrangus are … And all my freindis that suld succeid me to Wald say [etc.]; Hay Alex. 179, 182.
The temporale stait to gryp and gather The sone disheris wald the father; Dunb. (OUP) 120/38.
Complane I wald, wist I quhome till; Dunb. (OUP) 131/1.
The quhilk petitioun he did sone deny; ‘For all the gold that war wnder the sky Wald I be fals to him’ agane said he; Stewart 49723.
Wee wald be weil content To harbrie ȝow … War nocht [etc.]; Lynd. Sat. 1272.
He wald haue luffit hir, sche wald nocht lat him; Christis Kirk 33 (M).
He saw ane window and wald have lappin out; His fellowis them assemblit him about Withholding him among them; Clar. iii 1547.
Being assurit gif he come in the quene of Inglandis power that of hir accustumat clemency … scho wald not abandoun him; Buch. Wr. 31.
This toun sould be put in a present posture of defence … otherwayes he wald put in a garison; 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 57.
I wad bide it out and I kent how long it would continue; Welsh Churches Paradox 18.
(b) If I did not perfetlie understand their necessitie I woolde not write so precislie; 1559 Knox VI 80.
And when I consider of them … I would have beene content to have crupten on my knies to Aberdene to have seene such an Assembly as this; 1639 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 252.
(2) Quhen that scho wist That thai wald trawaile quhen scho lyst … Scho wald gere … That thing be sped; Troy-bk. i 434.
Qwhen I sall pas owt off this lyve I wald God off his grace wald send To me on swylk manere till end; Wynt. viii 5233.
Quhene I was sade he wald gif me comfort; Pitsc. I 234/4.
(3) The knicht quhome to I gaue sic confidence … On him alone I wald haue lippinnit my life; Rolland Seven S. 7411.
I … hes grantit ane assurans … that thaes that refusit the form that your maiestie set doun your maiestie uald be partie; c1593 Misc. Spald. C. I 5.
34. In the apodosis of a conditional sentence (expressed or implied), in the 2nd or 3rd pers., expressing a possibility or contingency in a supposed case, and without any implication of intention. Also proverb.
(a) Me think that sould nocht be … that I sould … fle … Quhat wauld men say? Hay Alex. 3460.
All creaturis … wauld turne in noucht, ware nocht that He sustenis thaim; Irland Mir. I 31/36.
Quhen thow art our riche and wald be pelit of thi gudis; Myll Spect. 277/5.
Quhen ȝe kyth to frendis ȝour gud will The gud will speik thocht ȝe wald hald ȝow still; Bk. Chess 618.
Wald God thay war present My infortune, forsuith, thay wald forthink, And conforte me; Lynd. Test. Pap. 733.
For all the blythar wald the bankit be, That euirilk lord mycht luke on his ladie; Stewart 3596.
A man haffand displesure at his wife wald geve to hir a libel of partising; Hamilton Cat. 236.
Prayand him to deceist … wtherwayis that he wald exasperat thame of Ingland to wraith; Pitsc. I 141/12.
Thir venerabill virginis quhome ȝe wald call wiches; Montg. Flyt. 411 (T).
I hoped … that quhen our cuntrey men began to compair the vices … with the vertues … the radier walde thay ryse frome thair darke errouris in quhilkes thay ar incloset; Dalr. I 1/16.
Bring not hame … sicc as ye finde standing banished … be me, the contraire ualde kythe in you ouir greate a contempt of me; James VI Basil. Doron 113/1.
If we wer sure how ει was pronunced in those dayes this auctoritie wald over-weegh our reason; Hume Orthog. 9.
Ye wald say that he wearis his belt as men sayis Mr. George Buchanan did weare his the dowblet is growen so schort; 1619 Innes Sketches 522.
— And ȝe send oni to ȝour wiff ȝe mey asur her schu wald a bin weilcom to a pur strenger; 1568 Q. Mary in
Ellis Orig. Lett. II (1824) 253.
Quha wald haue tyrit to heir that tune? Montg. Ch. & Slae 99 (W).
(b) Tha monstrows mandraggis Wall myre ane studfull of staggis And fle thame throw beir; Bann. MS 140b/7.
(c) Giff thay … obeyit not thay waud be … censourit; 1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 24 July.
Wade any body think that he should speak so to a king? Cargill Lecture and Sermon 12.
(d) Hyme thoght that it his worschip wold degrade If he [etc.]; Lanc. 748.
Scho … gaif him to vnderstand that he wold get his health be this meanis; 1597 Crim. Trials II 26.
For … if his lordship sould stay at Dalkeith as it wold be incommodious for the petitioners so wold it make the bussines fashious and longsome; Rothes Affairs Kirk 132.
Would ye not thought it a strange thing for a man to [etc.] … would you not have thought that ill-spent time? Kirkton Hist. xxxvii.
Wou'd wak'ned Neptune; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 70.
(e) If carabins sould be had for the 5 troups it voild advans the serves much; 1666 Laing MSS 354.
(f) Melpomene, on thé wald clerkis … [E., R. warld, L. vyld clerkis] call Fortill compyle this dedly tragedy; Doug. ii Prol. 2.
Ye was angrie and said although he wald not giff you credit otheris wyld giff you credit; 1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 77.
proverb. All wald have all, all wald forgive; Ferg. Prov. No. 90.
Ye wald do little for God an the devil were dead; Ferg. Prov. No. 909.
Do in hill as ye wald do in hall; Ferg. Prov. No. 228.
Do the day as thow wald doe the morne; Carmichael Prov. No. 440.
(b) Quhen others shood weeip he wold sing; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1680.
35. In a conditional clause or its equivalent, with personal subject, implying intention or volition: Desires, desired, seeks, might seek, sought, intends, etc., chooses, etc., is willing, etc. b. With non-material subject: Could, might.
(1) As thai vald the kingis dedenȝe Eschev na manne suld fenȝe; Leg. S. vi 53.
All tha till hym in lyff he yhawld Tak thame till hym gywe he wauld; Wynt. vi 1048.
And gif he … has sauld part of his sault and part wald leid in an vthir cuntre he sall [etc.]; Ship Laws c. 1 (H).
Gud Erll off Huntyntoun … Wald ye wyth men agayn on thaim raleiff … I sall [etc.]; Wall. x 723.
Thair riche entire … My wit can not discriue, howbeit I wald; Doug. Pal. Hon. 545.
Thocht thou in deid Waldyst [Ruddim. waldest] appreif … That [etc.]; Doug. x xi 63.
We assure … ȝoure grace … that gif he wald depart outwart the realme we wald nocht assent thairto; 1516 Acts XII 37/1.
Ane pure man can commit na trason contrar ane prince, bot gif that he vald hasȝard his lyif; Compl. 130/31.
I intend, Sa Minerue wald me Sapience send, Ane nobill squyer to discryfe; Lynd. Meldrum 28.
Gif thay the way wald knaw; G. Ball. 41.
We cum to bar with iak of steill As we wald bost the iuge; Maitland in Maitl. F. 39/70.
There is left no pleas of doubt, as vanelie and lienglie thou waldes pretend; 1571 Bann. Trans. 188.
I am compellit to stick vpon mony thingis farther than I wauld vtherwayis doe; 1571 Bann. Trans. 200.
Ye wald send alsmekle cloth as wald be ane gown to Jhone, and his old gown wald serue for ane gown to Duncane; 1619 Innes Sketches 522.
William Lowis being demandit be the counsell quhidder he wald repair … the calsayis; 1634 Peebles Gleanings 162.
(b) Than lat ws mak sum sport … Wold my lordis do se quho wold begin it; Colk. Sow Prol. 21.
Wolt; Doug. iv i 65 (1553).
Vold thou then knou the incertenty of thy speculatyue knouleg thou must go a litill out from it; Colville Paraenese 163.
(2) The first nycht quhen thai wald ly By hir; 14… Edinb. Univ. MS La.ii.318.
To aulde Saturne he makis resistance, Quhen, in his malice, he walde wyrk vengeance; Lynd. Dreme 469.
(3) He … neuer wald for myscheiff faill Bot dryve the thing rycht to the end And tak the vre that God wald send; Barb. i 312.
Quha this wald argwe wylfully, Lat hym be answeryd rycht lychtly; Wynt. vi Prol. 30.
Quhilk off thame wald wyth hym ga, He suld [etc.]; Wynt. vi 2097.
A squyer that walde be knycht; Hay II 41/10.
King Hart that … wantis nocht in warld that he wald wis; K. Hart 427.
To beware of sik as wald mak thaim beleif [etc.]; Nisbet I 15.
Mervelling … that [ȝoure grace] suld reput ws of sa small honoure … that we for … proffit … wald oureluke the suryte of oure naturale prince; 1521–2 Acts XII 39/1.
For quha vald considir the longinquite of his martial voyaige [etc.]; Compl. 4/8.
Nynvs luffit so ardentlye Semeramis … Thare wes no thyng scho wald command, Bot al obeyit wes; Lynd. Mon. 2813.
He was callit the blak knicht quha gave battell to all thame that wald fecht; Pitsc. I 243/5.
Gif quha walde knawe the name of Britannie monie referris it vnto Brutus; Dalr. I 2/16.
Commandit his sone to … offer him selff to what sort of discipline the principall … wald put him to; Melvill 66.
b. Lordys gywe youre curtasy Forbere me in this juperty And fra thaire lethe walde me defende [etc.]; Wynt. i Prol. 49.
36. In a contingent clause (hypothetical, temporal or relative with undetermined antecedent), merely expressing a condition or supposition, without any implication of intention: Should, were to. b. After (rycht) as, = were about to.
A quhill in Carrik lendit he, To se quha frend or fa vald be; Barb. v 125 (C).
That quha-se-euire vald almus crafe For luf of Sancte Johne suld hafe; Leg. S. v 593.
Thai priwe lettrys closyd fand That warnyd off his dede hade bene Giff he before wald thame have sene; Wynt. iv 2368.
Quhen that the chuf wald me chid … I vald him chuk; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. (STS) 291.
Dreding les the Troianys wald … kast sum way for hir distructioun; Doug. ii x 20.
Stabill all sall haldyn be: All thocht the erth wald myddill with the see; Doug. xii iv 112.
James Ellot … said he was content to paye hir his maill for it [sc. the house] he inhabit so scho wald hald the said James harmles; 1522 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 64.
Ane polk at vald tak a boll of corne; 1524 Wigtown B. Ct. 157b.
To haiff ane ȝoung prince regnand … is siklyke as quhai wald behald the commoun wele passand to vttir rewyne; Bell. Boece (M) I 52.
The hail soume ressavit as ȝit is littil mair nor wald entertaine the castle thir four monethis bygaine; 1571 Events Q. Mary & Jas. VI 65.
Wald michtie Joue grant me the hap [etc.]; Maitl. Q. 161/41.
If it wald please the supreme majestie to command [etc.]; Hume Orthog. 2.
1619 Innes Sketches 522 (see 34 (a) above).
Donald Ure being desyrous to depart John Galie desyrit him to stay quhill he wald pay his drink; 1668 Rothesay B. Rec. 160.
Any body wade have thought that he wade have said; Cargill Lecture and Sermon 7.
(b) Sic jeasting and mocking meanes and countenance as wold haue irritate … the most patient fleshe leving; 1570 Bann. Memor. 74.
Schaw thame thy mynd lyk as thow wold schow to me; Pitsc. I 389/29.
Onlie thus your worship wold resolwe at quhois charges I mist go [etc.]; 1635 Innes Sketches 521.
For if our adversaries would rested content with our former answer [etc.]; Spotsw. Hist. (1677) 225.
b. We sal fenyhe ws as we wald fle; Wynt. viii 5799.
First of all … Come dame Beautee, rycht as scho wald me schent; Dunb. G. Targe 146.
(b) Sum drowpis down as he wold die; Dunb. App. iii 18.
37. In a noun clause expressing the object of a request or wish, where the main clause verb is in a. The present tense. b. The past tense.
a. (1) It is our consale & we requir yhu that … yhe wald asith gif yhe ocht aw hym; 1401 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 8.
I wald sum clerk of connyng walde declerde; Want of Wyse Men 2 (Ch. & M.).
The quhilkis [craftsmen] present till ws thare supplicatioun desyrand … that we wald graunt [etc.]; 1500 Edinb. B. Rec. I 80.
Beseikand him … he wald for thame prowyde; Stewart 27399.
Inwartlie praying That he wald cum to hir; Rolland Seven S. 82.
I exhortt Ȝow gentill readdaris … That ȝe wald … it support; Pitsc. I 5/21.
Desyring ȝow that it war knawin, That ȝe wad marie me; Montg. Suppl. ix 96.
I wald wische that ȝour lordschip wald … come … and thaireftir I suld meit ȝour lordschip in Leith; 1609 Acts IV 421/1.
(b) Intimation is to be maid that the people wold wyt on & not rush furth in tyme of the ordinances bot wold submitt themselves to attend the wholl work of the Saboth; 1656 Dumfries Kirk S. 3 Jan.
I wish that wer the worst wer intended, then I hope our inocensie wold soon relieve us; 1678 Turner Mem. 264.
(2) Do me na wrang bot do me richt lawe and gif I aw to be prisounare that I be prisounare and gif I aw nocht to be it that ȝe wald hald me free man; Hay I 230/29.
Geue thay in the fynd wrang narratioun, That thay wald pleis thy faltis to remyt; Lynd. Mon. 33.
Gyf God takis me at your grace wald be helplyk to my wyf; ?15… Corr. M. Lorraine 441.
b. & thai … cane pray Sanct Mark that he … Vald trawele [etc.]; Leg. S. xiii 13.
He prait tham … That thai wald [etc.] … cary that body til the hill; Leg. S. xvi 506.
Sche … preyed hym … That he for hyr wald trete the pece With Menelayus; Troy-bk. ii 43 (C).
Than callit he Philott and till him sade That he [sc. Philott] wauld pas and hartlie till him prayd Till Alexander; Hay Alex. 3451.
The chancellar requeistit his graice effectuouslie as he wald be sa guide as to [etc.]; Pitsc. I 31/29.
38. absol. and ellipt.In uses corresp. to a. Senses 18 and 31. b. Sense 19. c. Sense 20. Also proverb.
a. (1) He has … dule of that, that thai have nocht sa mekle evill as he wald; Hay II 59/35.
Beroes … Lyand seyk at hame and ful ennoyit wight That scho alane suld want this ryal syght And as scho wald mycht not mak sacryfyce; Doug. v xi 101.
(b) About the lite for a new moderator … the former moderator lited whom he would; 1641 Baillie I 363.
She … said she would bake whether the minister and elders would or not; 1694 Boharm Kirk S. 9 Sept.
proverb. Give a bairne quhen it wad and a quhelp quhill his taill wag, there will never come gud of them baith; Carmichael Prov. No. 591.
(2) Bot, as God vald, he vas schamefully chaissit furtht of France; Compl. 79/28.
Incontinent in heuin vp to be brocht Contrair Gods will, quhidder He wald or nocht; Rolland Seven S. 52.
(3) To deme and to determe as lauch and richt wald and all actionis betuene [etc.]; 1389–90 Reg. Cambuskenneth 259.
Bot ilk an entercomovn with uther … , to by and sel as gude nychtburhede walde; 1424 Lanark & R. 283.
That maliciously and again the law thai occupy mar space between the hup and the myln stan … than law vald; Acts I 334/2.
And now mon we se quhat justice and resoune wald in this mater; Hay I 223/12.
Reservand to the said air his actioun of releif … as law wald; Bisset II 103/34.
b. Tharefor evyn till hym he wald And come so nere … That [etc.]; Wynt. viii 4778.
c. I rycht blythly wald thaim se And swa trow I that thai wald me; Barb. iv 482, 483.
God his hart able ay mad To lere that he wald but bad; Leg. S. xxvii 356.
He mycht allege … quhat he wald; 1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 171.
Puir pepill … That mycht thame weild evin as him awin self wald; Stewart 27406.
[He] began to jnvie gif he saw him selfe set laicher than he walde; Dalr. I 223/25.
proverb. He that speakes the thing he should not hears the things hee would not; Ferg. Prov. No. 311.
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