A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Thraw(i)n, Throw(i)n, Thraw, adj. (adv.). Also: thrawine, thrawyn, thrauin, thrawen, thrawing, thrawne, thrain, thrayne, throwen, throvin, throuin, throwne, thronne, threw. [Late ME and e.m.E. throwen (1463-4), thrawen, thrawne (both Cath. Angl.), throwne (1535); Thraw(e v.]
A. adj. 1. Twisted, crooked, bent; coiled; gnarled; curving, rounded. Also in fig. context. Also comb.
(a) And in ionyngis of the thrawyn wame [L. curvam alvum] of tre festynnyt the lance; Doug. ii i 70.
[The adder] In lowpis thrawin; Doug. v v 66 (Sm.).
If he [sc. Christ] have ado with a thrawn knotty piece of work, he drives a hard wedge; Dickson Wr. 123.
(b) His cluvis ar clovin as ane ox, and teith as a bair, and a thrain tail; Deidis of Armorie 45.
(c) Thay can hawe no licence for to walk with tham that way, But for to tak the throwen streit, and evin of that denyde; Fowler I 51/103.
The throwin wayes, the crwiked lanis; Fowler I 58/10.
(d) Thir megir bellis, Sum round, sum thraw, in sound the quhilks excellis … Quhilks with the wind concordandlie sa knellis; Doug. Pal. Hon. 437.
Tuo great cannonis, thraw mow [Pitsc. I 331/3, thrawinmouth] and hir marrow; Pitsc. II 86/13.
(e) Bot thai [sc. the serpents] about hym lowpit in wympillis threw [: reskew]; Doug. ii iv 30.
b. Fashioned out of strands twisted together; ? bearing a twisting or interlacing pattern. Also comb.
(1) [Although hemp and tow were scant, yet to that execution there was no lack of] thrawin wideis; 1574 Cal. Sc. P. V 34.
Foure thrawne craip stringis; 1583 Edinb. Test. XII 339b.
vj vnce of thrawin threid; 1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 161.
Sevin round thrawin stringis … twa thrawin blak stringis; 1597 Edinb. Test. XXX 161.
Tua vnce thraw threid; 1625 Brechin Test. IV 183b.
Ane pund of thrawin threid; 1610 Edinb. Test. XLV1 159b.
Thrawing; 1620 Edinb. Test. L 282.
(2) [Silver vessels] vnius le thrawin coupe cum coopertorio eiusdem; 1512 Treas. Acc. (14 Aug.) in Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 53.
Ane throvin ryng of silver; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144.
Ane thrawn ring of gold weyand ane quarter of ane vnce; 1540 Acta Conc. MS XIII 83.
A dozen of silver spoons with thrawen chefts; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 354.
(3) comb. Twa pund wecht of thrawne hedit threid; 1578 Edinb. Test. VI 361.
Aucht siluver sponis thrawin heidit; 1619 Edinb. Test. L 217.
2. fig. a. That is twisted out of true; distorted, perverted. b. comb. Thronne-mouthed, that requires awkward or distorted mouth movements.
a. For les offendis the eir … facile fluand congruite thane thrawine effekkit eloquens apperand ouyr crafty; 1531 Vaus in
Innes Sketches 272 n.
The scriptures allegit be tham to fortifye thair thravin interpretacione seruis of nocht to thair vickit intent; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 126/10.
To gif credit to ane inuentit and thrauin exposition [of scripture]; Hamilton Cath. Tr. 46b.
b. Becaus the Ireish is so thronne mouthed a language that I could not mouth band it; 1660 Laing MSS 313.
3. Contrary, obstinate, perverse; crabbed, ill-natured, peevish. Also in fig. context.
(a) Sa mot I thriue, I am thrawin, Begin we to threip; Rauf C. 129.
Ane thrawin [Bann. frawart, Bass. thrawart] will, ane thrawin phisnomy; Henr. Fab. 2830 (H).
Thar salusyng was bot boustous and thrawin; Wall. x 593.
The curr That barks at strangers … sparing alwaies those are to him knowin, To them most gentle, to the others throwin; James VI Poems I 35/320.
Into the hoarie headdis & throuin Of men quho uorne & brokkin uith a laboure too ingrait [etc.]; James VI Poems I 175/576.
The wicked generatioun and the throwen Defyles thame selffis with vices of thair owen; James VI Poems II 55/15.
Here a notable vantage whilk thrawn crops have, when they are dung with judgments, albeit they stood long out pingling with God; Dickson Wr. 27.
Stonehouse said, he would not quit his old illnatured thrawn principles for all that is come to him; 1684 Wodrow Hist. IV (1830) 174.
He was never half so throwne; 16… Pleugh-Song in Wode's Psalter (ed.) 240.
(b) In conspirit maner and thrayne … the forsaidis personis vald nocht gif weche; 1563–4 Inverness Rec. I 110.
4. Of the face, facial expression, looks, etc.: Twisted with anger, vexation, peevishness, etc.; surly. Also comb.
Ane modicum is mair for till allow, Swa that gude will be keruer at the dais, Than thrawin vult and mony spycit mais; Henr. Fab. 238.
I saw Raf Coilȝear with his thrawin brow; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1711.
His mekle e, That lurkit allane vnder his thrawn front; Doug. iii ix 89 (Sm.).
A huge pepill … Of Ciclopes … with thar lukis thrawyn; Doug. iii x 41.
[A lion] full fers, with thrawin wlt; Doug. ix xiii 37.
The Argathelis … persaving Scottis at the flicht, with thrawin luke … and terribill schowtis ruschit apon Romanys; Boece 212b.
Mr. Williame in dispytfull maner and with thrawin countinance haueing na thing to do at that tyme in the said kirk bot to trubill the said examinacioune; 1561 Digest Justiciary Proc. D 16.
Jok blunt, thrawin frunt; Polwart Flyt. 817 (T).
Ye ministers of Pluto uith the throuin & stormie brou; James VI Poems I 137/209.
With thrawin brow, and bosting langage; Melvill 133.
Thrown; Adamson Muses Thr. I 30.
‘Why do you look with so thrawn a countenance?’ The other replied, ‘My countenance is not thrawn, I look as I ordinarily use to do.’ The bishop said, ‘If your countenance be ordinarily so, it is a very thrawn countenance’; 1688 Wodrow Hist. IV (1830) 458.
comb. The bairne gotten aganst the fathers will is ay thrawin faced; Carmichael Prov. No. 1571.
B. adv. 1. With a twisting motion; sinuously.
Thys eddir … Went thrawin [L. volvitur] so that nane felt quhar scho glidis; Doug. vii vi 19.
2. In an ill-tempered or peevish manner.
Thus wycit he the walentyne thraly & thrawin; Howlat 918 (A).
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Thraw(i)n adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Feb 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/thrawin>
Try an Advanced Search