A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Stour(e, n.1 Also: stowr(e, store, stoor, stur(e. [ME and e.m.E. stur(e, stoure (all Cursor M.), stour (Rolle), store (c1440), stowre (c1460), stoore (1570), AF estur, OF estour.]
1. (A) battle, conflict, episode of fighting, freq. in alliterative phrases as stalwart stour, stand in stour, stith in stour, etc. Also stour off battaill, etc. the most hard fought part of a battle.
(1) Fawcht in-to mony stalwart stour, For to delyuir thar countre; Barb. i 468.
The gude, at enchaufyt war Off ire, abade and held the stour; Barb. ii 396.
Thai war all to few … Agane so feill to stand in stour; Barb. viii 269.
Neuer his lif-tyme to that day Was he chaissit out of ane stour; Alex. i 2761.
Sen that we lossit our lord and cheif Gaudifeir, that styth in stour; Alex. ii 483.
Haylstanys … Sa hewy … can lycht, That [ma] peryst in that schoure Than swerdys stikkyt in that stowre; Wynt. ii 1176.
Alex[and]dyr conquerour, That throu battell and stalvairt stour In vii ȝere wan the warld; Florimond 58.
Lang time the stoure durand mycht nane ken quha had ony avantage; Hay I 57/9.
[They] best mycht stand in battall and in stouris; Hay Alex. 2522.
Thair stedis stakkerit in the stour, … the strakis war sa strang! Gol. & Gaw. 625.
Ilk ane a schort knyfe blaidit out sone; In stour stifly thay stand, With twa knyfis in hand; Rauf C. 865.
The stour was strang, and wondyr peralous, Contenyt lang with dedis chewalrous; Wall. viii 97.
K. Hart 832.
The campioun Quhilk with mony bludy woundis in to stowre Victoriusly discomfit the dragoun; Asl. MS II 271/26.
We, that bene … keyn men in a stour; Doug. ix x 30.
All the flour … of this realm dyd stryve in stour; Doug. xi vii 44.
How forcy cheiftanis, in mony bludy stouris … wan landis and honouris; Bell. Boece I cv.
Eftir this lang and felloun bargane thay mycht na langare sustene the stoure; Boece 267.
That stour it wox baith stalwart stif and strang; Stewart 21671.
The dolorous day … Of Floudoun feild … This gentill knycht … Vnto that stoure valiantlie did pretend; Duncan Laideus Test. 155.
His nobill bodie was never out of stoure, His bloodie sword restit never; Clar. iii 1033.
He stood then in that stalward stowre, Where there were many dintis dowre; 1574 Three Reformers 116.
So they marched till both parties mett with a terrible stour, fighting handsomlie on both sides; 1667 Highland P. II 22.
(b) Thane thru the ost he cane ga, & of al the knychtis thru the sture, Til he come til the emperoure; Leg. S. xxv 749.
(2) [They] oft in hard stour off bataill Wan [richt] gret price off chewalry; Barb. i 24.
Porrus … and the Bauderane, … I haue thame sene in stour of ficht; Alex. ii 5888.
Quhen the bataill war in the stoure of the maist hete of the fechting [etc.]; Hay I 273/5.
b. fig. or transf. (A) conflict or struggle of a different sort, chiefly with a non-material adversary, chiefly pain or death.
For the tyme cumis quhene nane Sal vthir relefe … As for to les thame [thar] payne … Na riches na possessoure Sal helpe man in-[to] that stoure; Leg. S. xxxviii 126.
To wesche man fra syn … In virgin flesche He stude in stoure, Sufferand mekill pane & dolour; Fifteen Ois 249.
Noble men … that has … corage to serf wndere hir [sc. Worthiness'] banere … and in the stoure to dreid nathing bot God; Porteous Noblenes 177/4 (A).
He baid in stour quhill he mycht stand O mankynd for the luif of thé; Dunb. in Maitl. F. 230/39.
Quhill store and hore, my ȝouth devore; Dunb. (STS) lxxxv 59.
Honorious of Rome the emprioure, That tyme with seiknes staid wes in ane stour; Stewart 21552.
Quham wysedome may nocht contramand, Nor strenth that stoure may nocht ganestand! Lynd. Mon. 5161.
Our saluiour Quhilk sched his precius blud for thé in stour; Lichtoun in Bann. MS 48a/44.
Thy dittay wes deid … Thy trumperie wes tryd; thy falset they fand … Condempnit to be dryd … Quhill thow payit ane pand, in that stour thow did stand; Montg. Flyt. 75 (T).
The Lord … hath helped you to stand with a poor despised party in many stours for his interest; 1685 Renwick in Biographia Presbyteriana II 276.
2. A violent conflict of the elements; a storm. b. transf. Of the emotions.
The firmament … Distrublit was … Thair was na erdlie thing into the stour Bot it was changit; Hay Alex. 155.
O wale of teres … How … Of covatis I wyte the rafand rage In the vnstable sterand stormy stowris; Contempl. Sinn. 239 (Asl.).
The tent day fra His ascencioun … Out of the hevin wes maid a suddane soun Lik to the cumin of ane felloun schour And in thaim remanit in that fellown stowr [etc.]; Kennedy Pass. Christ 1671.
Charming for the bean-straw; … blew beaver, land-feaver, maneris of stooris; 1662 Crim. Trials III 609.
b. Gif sho of lufe had felt the shouris The siching, quaking and the stoures; Alex. ii 2194.
In diuers stowris of ire brandysys sche; Doug. iv x 82.
3. The violent movement of water; the spray caused by such movement.
The coursere lap … in to the flude, The stoure fere owre thare hewydis stude; Wynt. iv 242.
The swowchand sey so law gart lycht, Thame semyt the erd oppynnyt amyd the flude The stour vp bullyrrit sand as it war wode; Doug. i iii 26.
Wp thai welt the stour of fomy see; Doug. iii v 16 (Sm.).
The large fludis … spowtis in the ayr … Dryvand the stowr to the starnys, as it war rane; Doug. iii vi 130.
With rochys … To brek the salt fame of the seys stour; Doug. iii viii 57.
The stour of fame … swepis our the haw fludis; Doug. iv x 115.
The fomy stowr of sey rays thar and heir; Doug. v iii 74.
Quhar the flude went styll, and calmyt all is But stowr or bullyr, murmour or movyng; Doug. x vi 13.
Thir fowlis … doukis, with ane fellon stoure, in the see; Bell. Boece I xxxvii.
Lyk ane rock firm situat in the sie Sustening stres of stormie stouris hie; J. Stewart 62/185.
4. (A cloud of) dust.
Sic ane stour attour thame stude That euin vp to the lyft it ȝude; Alex. ii 9018.
The fecht was ferce and fell the stour was gret, Thay war sa vext with pulder and with het; Hay Alex. 3.
The strang stour rais, as reik, vpon thaim; Wall. vii 579.
Sum hie montit on horsbak … The dusty pulder vpdryvand with a stour; Doug. vii x 57.
Ane ost of fut men, thik as the hail schour, Followys this Turnus, dryvand vp the stour; Doug. vii xiii 28.
The stoure was so great that never ane of thame might sie ane wther; Pitsc. II 99/15.
Ore cled with blood and stoure; James VI Poems I 108/55.
There is much stour and dust sticking to you; Renwick Serm. 403.
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"Stour(e n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Apr 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/stoure_n_1>
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