A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Stop, Stap, v. Also: stopp(e, stopt, stope, stoip(e, stoyp, stoup, stoop(e, stapp(e, staupe, stoppin, -yn. P.p. also stopitt. [ME and e.m.E. stoppe (Cursor M.), stop (c1420), OE *stoppian, only (once) in late OE forstoppian, to stop, stifle, dam up, MDu., MLG stoppen, Icel. stoppa, med. L. estupo (1185 in Latham), OF estuper ((Oxford Psalter, Wace), estoper (1175) both in Larousse), L. stuppa tow.]
1. tr. To block up, close (an aperture, means of entrance or exit, etc.), chiefly by plugging or filling it (also, with or of something), or placing something before it. Also (once), of the stopper itself. Also in fig. context.
(1) Til his mene cane he byd, That thai suld … the cawe mowth stope, sa that thai [sc. the seven sleepers] Suld neuire fra thine come away; Leg. S. xxiii 159.
Quhen licht wes owt and durris wes bard; I wait nocht gif he gaif hir grace, Bot all the hollis wes stoppit hard; Dunb. (OUP) 114/48.
For stra to stop the mortis of the sollis; 1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II 325.
Bot gif scho lekkis gett men of skill To stop hir hoilis laich in the howis; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvi 20.
No commoun grinds or ȝettis to be stopitt or closed vp that hes been of old and not necessar; 1615 Kirkwall Sheriff Ct. Act Bk. 3b.
(2) Thai … of the cawe the mouth of stane Stopyt wele; Leg. S. xxiii 164.
Off that coif the mouth gert he With gret stanys fast stopit be; Wynt. ii 1190 (W).
Close vp … this window … with lyme and stone, stop the holes of the doore with double matts; Lithgow Trav. 457.
(3) Cathrine … confessed that sche did cast the fairne wispe that stopped the stope [sc. stoup] into the firre; 1659 Banks Sc. Cal. Customs I 165.
b. To close off (an enclosed space).
That the sklait roofe of the hows and batlement thairof be taken downe … and to stop the vault of the said hows; 1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 67.
Tak the pott spedielie out of the hearth, and put it in the oven, and stop the oven presentlie, and lett it stand thairin 24 houres; 16… Soc. Ant. XI 196.
c. To plug, fill up (a wound, hole, leak).
She stopped my wounds full of silk; Sir Eger 324.
For beiring of clay to stoip the ryiftis & hoillis about the erlaige; 1582 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 148.
We dasht upon it [sc. the headland] which strake a lake in our ship … only being neir the toune, a carpenter, a most lusty fellow, came and stoopt it wery weill; 1667–70 Lauder Jrnl. 167.
d. To fill in (a pit, ditch).
The graffe quhare this dede Pypyne lay Thai rypyd and the body soucht; … That delff thai stoppyd hastyly; Wynt. vi 325.
To foure men that kost the north loch at the eist end thairof ane day, to stoip the dyke to be cleinne; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 283.
e. passive. To be choked up or inundated (also, with or be (by) some substance).
With gor his tua grym ene ar gladderit all about And gorgeit lyk twa gutaris that war with glar stoppit; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 99.
Ane porte maist tranquil and convenient to harbery schippis … Bot now it is stoppit be glar and rutis of wedis; Boece 55b.
Seing that medicinall wall [= well] … had been much neglectit thes severall yeires bygone since the same wes stopit by the violent torrent of wateris which overturned it; 1670 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 264.
Ane sink … for draining the said quarrie which is now altogether stopt and must of necessitie be redd; 1693 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 99.
2. In specific phrases with ear(s), mouth(s): a. To stop (one's) ear(s), to plug the ear(s) with something in order to obstruct the hearing. Also fig. To close (one's, another's) ears (to a person, his words, etc.).
I … Gart thame [sc. the sailors] thare eris stop in hy With my craft so thai herd thaim [sc. the Sirens] nocht; Troy-bk. ii 2264.
fig. Behold, the hande of the Lorde is na scheortar nor it vas, na it maye saue ȝou: nor His eyris ar nocht stoppit, bot He maye heir ȝou; Compl. 75/11.
Why should princes ears be stoppid, seeing they ar payntid so long? Meaning that they shuld heere all and be well advised before they answer; 1568 Cal. Sc. P. II 452.
Leist in tyme to cum, … thay schute [sc. shut] up and stop with haitrent of thame thay persones eiris to thair petitiounis quhome now thay fill and laid with fals rumouris; Buch. Detect. (1727) 61.
The vniust iuge, quha opning the ane eir … occludis and stoppis the vther; Hamilton Cath. Tr. 12b.
Quha at the cry of the pwir stoppis thair eir Thay sall cry anes, & God sall not thame heir; Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. 12a.
b. fig. To stop (another's, one's own) mouth, to cause to be silent, compel to silence. Also const. with (something). Also, to stop the mouths of (lions), to prevent from devouring prey.
(1) Quhat euire thingis the law spekis, it spekis to thame that ar in the law, that ilk mouth be stoppit, and ilk warld be made subiect to God; Nisbet Rom. iii 19.
The mowthis of sic to be stoppit as ar bot inventares of lies; 1576–7 Reg. Morton I 102.
To stope the mouthis of misreportaris; 1584 Reg. Privy C. III 648.
Ought will suffice to stop the mouths of mourners; 1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 111.
Thinking that it is the bishops intention … to have stopped for ever all mouths that would have muted against the booke or them; 1637 Baillie I 43.
The takeing of my Lord of Quiensberrie hes stoped all yowr freends mowths; 1645 Lag Chart. 57.
If we step alitle further, … We shal find matter enough to stop the mouths of the gainsayers; Stockholm New Year's Gift Sig. A 3b.
(b) He perceaved … how that thay had maliciouslie takin occasioun vpon the sessiounes courteous offer to ground foolishe appellatiounes; bot now, to stap thair mouthis, he wald be content; 1622 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 108.
(c) I was put to feigne that I had made a solemme oath not to subscryve anything while I was in France, which stoopt their mouths; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 131.
(2) When he intended to mitigate thare lesingis, and schaw the maner of his doctrine, by and by thei stoped his mouth with ane other Article; Knox I 155.
Each man with silence stopes his mouth, and heares Sad newes with wonder; Mure Early Misc. P. xvi 1.
(3) Thai stoppit the mouthis of liounns, Thai sloknit the feersenes of fire; Nisbet Heb. xi 33.
3. To make (a way, thoroughfare, etc.) impassable or inaccessible by a. Physically blocking it, b. Obstructing or hindering access to or passage through it. Also fig.
a. He sic martirdome thair maid, That he the furde all stoppit had, That nane of thame mycht till hym ryde; Barb. vi 290.
Behinde thame so stoppit vas The vay, that thai fast mycht nocht fle; Barb. viii 60.
The schippis com in sic plente … That all the havyn wes stoppit then; Barb. xvii 306.
The hart [sc. heart] … putis the venome to his clenging plas and for that plas is stoppit [sc. because the pores are closed] that it may nocht out it pasis to the principale party nest that is the leuer; c1420 Liber Calchou II 449.
Poyntis that aw to be inquerit be the gret assys … gif ony comone wenal be stopyt and be quham; Acts I 337/2.
The schynand and fyry suerd, that stoppis oure gait to paradice; Irland Mir. I 79/25.
Sche causit tak doun the uttir dour that closit the passage … sua ther wes na thing left to stope the passage into the saidis schalmeris bot only the portell durris; 1567 Inv. Q. Mary xcix.
Gif thair be ony swine cruivis biggit on the fore-gait, stoppand the samin; Balfour Pract. 588.
So likewise doth this river flow Foorth of a pretty spring; Whose throat … You may stop with your neive; Montg. Ch. & Slae 1552.
The … baillies and counsall … ordanis the foresaid passage to be keippet red, frie and saif … unstoppet or hynderit be the saids baxters [etc.] … and that the officeris of this burgh poynd and destreyngyie the reddiest gudes … of the persouns … stoppand the said passage; 1603 Edinb. B. Rec. V 325.
Gif ther be any vennels stopped, or bigged vp; Skene Reg. Maj. i 155.
For ther assistance in regaineing the said prisoner, and geting passes stopit, that he suld not mack escape out of the natioun; 1660 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 186.
The Session granted him leave to build & set up a pew of four foot of lenght in the church floor provyding he sould wrong no other mans seat nor stopp the passage through the church; 1667 Cullen Kirk S. 5 May.
(b) Thay intend at last to condamme and stap the mouth of the riuer that rinnis out of the loch; Dalr. II 17/9.
The complaint … against the cordoners, for that on the mercat day they stapp all passadges to thair buithes; 1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II 273.
b. Men on ilk sid gadryt he … And send thaim for to stop the way, Quhar the gud king behowyt away; … Thar Jhone off Lorne gert his menȝe Enbuschyt be abowyn the way; Barb. x 15.
Vpon a craig was in the sie Ane stalwart castel gart he mak & … hes … send … staluart men it to defend — Thairwith he thocht to stop the way that nouther ship nor ȝit gallay Sould be sey cum to the toun; Alex. i 9.
The wayis befor hym stoppyd wes Be gret buschementys off Inglis men; Ay throwch thame yhit gat he then; Wynt. vii 2526.
The haill commoun streit of the said wynd is brokin sua that the commoun passage thairof is stoppit; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 193.
The hie passages and kairt gaittis … ar pairtlie nairowet and stoppet be casting of gottes and fowsis; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 163.
Partlie closet in the west sey, partlie amang the mountanes and louchis haldne be Huntleis men of weir the gait was stopit; Dalr. II 281/6.
fig. To enter thare [sc. Paradise] thay mak small deligence … Rychtso, frome ws thay stop the plane entres; Lynd. Mon. 4819.
Quhen that her eyes giues hope of better happ And pittie in Bellisas face appeirs, Then to my playntes I do the passage stapp; Fowler I 184/3.
Quhen Edward of Ingland vndirstude that the Balie had stopet the way of freindschip betueine him and France; Dalr. I 344/12.
c. To dam up, to prevent or obstruct the flowing, overflow, passage (of water, a stream).
(a) He suld nocht draw the said myl damme throu the saide landis … nor stop the water one thaim without licence; 1480 Acta Conc. I 60/2.
At thar be vndir the myll qwel ane hek swa at the muk stuf … may be haldin at the heik and stoppin nocht the watter in tyme cummyn; 1518 Dunferm. B. Rec. in Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 155.
As furious fluidis with gritter force ay flowis And starkar stevin quhone stoppit ar the stremis; J. Maitland in Maitl. F. 285/18.
The said Thomas may big ane stane wall langis the northt syd of the said stank for his entreis to his said yard … providing that the passage of the water of the said stank be na vay stopit be his said entre; 1575 Grey Friars 96.
Stones for stopeing the wrong passage of Gruggies burne; 1659–60 Dumbarton Common Gd. Acc. 248.
To make … ingynes called cleanging drills from the fountainehead to the weighous as shall be found requisit for finding out of the places where the water from tyme to tyme shall happin to be stoped; 1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 422.
[He] did att his owne hand stop & dame up the said levell & water course; 1668 Salmon Borrowstounness 69.
The hie way … is pairtlie with midings and pairtlie with red … so stoped that there is scarce any passadge; 1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X 307.
(b) For faill and stanis and to twa warkmen to stoip the Borrow Loch quhen it wes lettin furth; 1554–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 136.
(c) To vj men quha laid the fale at the loche quhair it wes lattin furth be Dame Lawsone; … to ane man that stappit [pr. slappit] the samyne agane efter that sche had lattin it furth, xviij d.; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 287.
d. To stop (another's) aynd, to prevent the respiration of, cause to suffocate.
Thir hevy straikis … causit ȝour precius blud to ryn rycht aboundandly … doun to ȝour eyne, neis, & mouth, & almaist stopit ȝour aynd; Dewoit Exerc. 302.
The loppirrit blude stoppyt hys aynd onone; Doug. vii viii 128.
4. a. Of a morbid growth or discharge: To block, choke, obstruct (a duct or passage in the body). b. ellipt. and passive. Of a person: Afflicted with an obstruction (in (into) a particular part of the body).
a. Be ane catarr stopping the vane of the lichtis he deit; Boece 320.
A stone, which stops … The sliddrie vreter, carier of Salt vrine; James VI Poems I 158/861.
b. Sic seiknes … It handlit him so hetlie to the deid, Into the breist so stoppit was and bun And all his bodie swellit lyke ane tun; Stewart 37223.
5. To exclude, bar, keep out (someone) (fra a place, person, benefit). Also, to stop (oneself) safe from, to protect oneself from (something harmful).
(1) The fyre and the suorde that stoppit Adam … fra the yettis of paradyse mot stop thame fra the gloir of hevin quhill thai foirbere ther misdedis; St. A. Formulare I 269.
Be Gallis and Britons thai war stoppit fra the coistis foresaid; Boece 132b.
Takin than had bene Camelodune gif fra kirnellis & the battelling … haleschot of stanys had nocht stoppit Scottis fra the entre; Boece x 370.
Thyr ar the nams of tham that dissassentit that onne fremen suld be stoppit fra mercattis with barkit leddyr; 1560 Inverness Rec. I 44.
The decreit, and scharp hand wryte, That stoppit vs fra the Father quyte, Furth of the myndis He withdrew; G. Ball. 81.
1578 Conv. Burghs I 75 (see Debar v.).
(b) Scho hard Besse Tuodall call the minister commoun theiff; quhay wald stoip thair bairnis fra the plaj for him; 1566 Mill Mediæv. Plays 262.
(2) Keep and stop ȝour selff safe from the cruell and violent ayre that first shutts out of the pott for in it is the greatest venome in the world; 16… Soc. Ant. XI 195.
b. To omit, excise (a name out of a list).
That if any of the poor be found … one the streit … in tyme of sermon, to be delated to the sessione and their names presently to be steaped out of the roll and so to be debarred from that benefit; 1642 Culross I 199.
6. To push, thrust (a thing; once, a person) in (in til, within) (an opening, aperture, receptacle, hollow place), or under (water). Also, to stop in (something) (also, in a place).
(1) Wateris of pulis and dubbis … oft tymis gerris the longis cleve to the ribbis of catalle and folk and stoppis thame within outhir in lychtis or lyver or melt; Hay II 139/11.
Sum [sc. birds] half on lyfe he stoppit in his bag; Henr. Fab. 1880.
They stoppit ane naipkine in hir thrott, quhairthrow she wes almaist wirreitt; 1585 Reg. Privy C. IV 35.
Stoppe; Calderwood III 69.
(b) In the blasfemyng of Jhone Gadderar … calland him auld pikar theyf carll ye suld staupe him in ane peit … pot; 1549 Elgin Rec. I 98.
ellipt. And tak he gert salt smal & stope in til his wondis al; Leg. S. xxxiii 458.
(2) A galay … was so doung with the cannoun and other ordinance that she was stopped under watter; Knox I 204.
(3) Ane gife ȝour quhislecaw cry quhiche, Stop in ane wisp of stray; Lynd. Sat. 1921.
— And also she confessed that she staped in the two skins in a hole beside the fire; 1699 Black Bk. Kincardineshire 98.
b. To stick (a knife) (in an outer part of the body).
[He] was strangled … and, fearing he sould recouered, a knife was stooped in his throat; 1662 Lamont Diary 145.
c. To make a hole or aperture in. Also passive, of a ship: Holed.
(1) The said Thomas … sall stop the north wall vnder the ground for macking a passage to the excrementis to gang throw the said wall vnder the calsie; 1616 Aberd. B. Rec. II 340.
(2) The waughters … discharged their cannons and played upon her. The Dunkirker was stopped quite through; Calderwood VII 573.
7. To cram (a thing) full of (something), to stuff with (some material); chiefly, as an internal filling or padding. Chiefly passive.
(a) I put the cais I had bene deid or slane And syne my skin bene stoppit full of stra; Henr. Fab. 1450 (Bann.).
Hew Kay … careit ane cott stoppit with streay wpone ane staff; 1615 Elgin Rec. II 141.
For ait stra to stope the pecis of ordinance with; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 70.
Sex reid and blew vovin cuschinges stoppit with calff; 1638 Edinb. Test. LIX 32b.
Thrie cushins stoped with dounes; 1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 16 (9-10 May).
And therupon those bishops were called in derision tulcans i.e. a calf's skin stopped with straw to make the cow give her milk; Answ. Presb. Eloq. 39.
(b) They stappe the calfes skin full of strae, and setts downe before the kow, and that was called a tulchan; 1639 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 243.
Stapp; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
(c) A narrow twilt stooped with oull; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 364.
8. To bring to a stop, cause to halt, prevent (a person) from moving on; to delay, detain. Also (once) with double object.
(1) I studdie quhy ȝe suld stop me Sen that I faltit neuer to ȝou; Henr. Fab. 2264.
I am stoppit heir be this wattir greit; Henr. Fab. 2794 (Bann.).
The Lordis had ordanit him til raise brevis … and … the King had ordanit him til remain … tharefore it suld turne him til na prejudice sen he was stoppit bot be the Kingis command; 1500 Acta Conc. II 462.
Venus … baith tway, … with a dyrk clowd, closyt rownd abowt, That na man suld thame se … Ne by the ways stop or ellis deir; Doug. i vi 179.
I … all efferit, quhen thou wald depart, Amyd the ȝet thé stoppit with sair hart; Doug. xiii iii 106.
The maist parte of Britouns fleyng fra the feild war stoppit be the depe wattir; Boece 308b.
The laird … come to Edinburgh … albeit thair wer diuerse laid to stopp him in the way; Diurn. Occurr. 213.
My lord Seytoun … wes stopit be ane horsman … quha shew him that the haill power of Leith wes liand about for his slauchter; Diurn. Occurr. 289.
That thai [sc. minstrels, pipers] stope na friemen that is hable to gif them ordiner, nor to tak syluer fra ane to pas to ane vther; 1600 Glasgow B. Rec. I 207.
The [sc. hangman's] cairt being stopit when it cam befor the ludging … that they might have tyme to insult; 1650 Misc. Maitl. C. II 483.
(b) On the way we was tuise stoopt by men of war to know whither their ware any seamen in it, that they might be sent to the fleet; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 2.
(2) He leit no word than walk off his passage Or Inglismen had stoppit him his wiage; Wall. ix 30.
b. To intercept and delay (something) in transit; to hold up.
By [= contrary to] all way of justice the saidis leters of the auchtorite ar stoppit at the signet be privet wais. Heirfor humile beseikis your grace … caus the saidis leters have passage undir the signet according to justice; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 12.
I hard it murmurit in Strewelyn that thai wald stop it [sc. a consignment of wine] quhilk causit me to wryt [etc.]; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 14.
The facultie haveing formerlie given commission to Mr. James Weir … to raise ane bill of suspension against the toune of Edinburg [etc.] … in respect for his dilligence and caire in ther affairs recommended unto him his bills at the Bill Chamber and his Letters at the Signet were stopted … They did recommend to the dean of facultie … to speak with Sir William Birnie [etc.] … towards the taking of of the said stope; 1678 Adv. Min. Bk. 37.
9. To deprive (a person) (of some material or non-material benefit).
Sen thair may na thing cum betwene the deid of the antecessour and the entre of the ayr that may stop the ayr of hys entre; 1472 Lennox Mun. 91.
Thay that stoppis … [others] of thair propfeit in ony maner; Gau 17/14.
[He] confessit … he optenit and gat licience of William Fraysser to wse his necessaris in the locht, nochtwythstanding, he was stoppit of the said licience be the said William; 1564 Inverness Rec. I 116.
To speik with the erle of Sutherland; quhilk he was sufferit to do vnmolestit and was nether stoppit of letteris nor claithis, as is allegit; 1570 Bann. Memor. 357.
Nor yit is thair ony law that providis the tutour of law quha is nerrest of kin to be stoppit of service for ony tutorie dative gevin privatlie; 1571–2 Canongate Ct. Bk. 346.
b. To confiscate (something) (from (aff) someone).
Or that my Lord Burleyt or anye in his nayme be this meanes may stapp or seik geir aff pairteis and compone with thame; bot be the contrair he being constitute in this caice agent to his majestie be his meanes seiks out and caussis summond all that hes contraveynit the actis whome his majestie will haiff pwnishet in thair goods thairfoir; 1611 Burnett of Leys 38.
10. a. To prevent, restrain, hold back (a person, etc.) (from carrying out some action or activity). b. To prevent or avert (some act, action or process); to prevent (something) from acting or being acted upon in the specified way.
a. (1) This lord … stoppit his sone that wald haue slane this man; Bk. Chess 309.
He wald haif slane his self bot he wes stoppit be his sistir sone; Abell 21b.
Leonides Origenis fadir wes martirit for Christ and sa wald Originis bot his modir loket him in ane chalmir & sa sche stoppit him; Abell 28b.
The Erll of Marche … segit it [sc. Perth] and had soyn won it and priuat consall had nocht stoppit him … that wes in gret pregidice of the reuym; Abell 100a.
All the foirsaidis personis … sall at the vtermaist of our powaris stoip, cummer, and disobey ony vthiris makand thame to haue entres to the samyn; 1545 Grant Chart. 93.
Quhat remeid quhen we … may nocht mak our confession being stoppit with lauchful impediment; Hamilton Cat. 18.
Thai sall … kepe the samyn fra thame self, … and tenentis, and all vtheris at thai may stop at thair vter powar; 1557 Reg. Cupar A. II 133.
For hyme selff and all vtheris quhatsumever that he may stoyp; 1566 Crail B. Ct. 17 Nov.
Gif they pleisit to speik in defence of the pennell upoun the perell of law they sould not be stoppit; 1567 Digest Justiciary Proc. F 23.
James erle of Mortoun purposing to haue cuming to Edinburgh … wes stopit be the laird of Grange capitane thairof; Diurn. Occurr. 171.
He beith obstinatlie dissobeyit and also stoppit vtheris that wald haue amendit thair offences; Pitsc. I 14/21.
[They] thairefter past to Hadingtoun and heirfourtht to Edinburgh gif thay war nocht stopitt; Pitsc. II 34/19.
— The absence of thes breithren that are in the Iles … whose presence is stopped and hindered by ferries and stormes [etc.]; 1657 Argyll Synod II 147.
ellipt. Give ony of thame, … tholis or permittis ony vtheris to cut, distroy, or tak away ony of the samyn [sc. wood] vnaduertissand or stoppand at thair powar, … it salbe tinsall of thair takkis; 1548 Reg. Cupar A. II 56.
(2) Item the Erle of Athole stoppis the bischoppis tenentis of Auchlochir … to pas by the [blank] rig; 14… Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 250.
Sayand, ȝone lusty rout wyll stop our mate [E. or meit] Till iustefy thys bisning quhilk blasphemit; Doug. Pal. Hon. 833 (L).
Gref further charges Wilȝeme Adamsone … that he wrangwisly stoppit him to led ane mydding of mvk; 1509 Prestwick B. Rec. 41.
Yhe entir our tenentis to our landis and stoppis thame to ansuer till ws and to our curtis; 1526 Reg. Soltre 93.
He arrivit in the land of Numide; quhare he wes stoppit … to land; Bell. Boece I 3.
The said laird … stoppis him to teill his awin landis forsaid, brekis his plewchtis [etc.]; 1533–4 Melville Chart. 76.
The sayd Mr. Alexander stoppit hym to frequent thar; 1561 St. A. Kirk S. 84.
It apperis to me … that ȝe haif sum grete impediment, quhare by ȝe ar stoppit to keip promise tuecheing ȝour anssuering to this our tractate; Winȝet I 138/2.
Get scho credence scho will stope ȝow to thryve; Maitland in Maitl. F. 316/40.
It will not be oure sorrow That will stope Godis hand To stryk bayth ewin and morrow; Maitland in Maitl. F. 321/18.
Stope no man to be brocht to the kingis maiestie that is ane maniefest trespassour or ane lymmer, bot be contrairie first to minister iustice withtin ȝour boundis as becomes ȝow; Pitsc. I 42/17.
Pitsc. II 118/20.
Stope no man to be brocht to the kingis majestie that is ane manifest trespassour; 15… Justiciary Rec. I 154.
Litiscontestatioun is maid be admissioun of the lybell to probatioun and sua stopis and stayis all defences to be proponit thaireftir except the samin be emergent; Bisset I 178/13.
(b) The lard of Wattirtoune sal not stoipe nor debayt the gudis of the Candelane nor tennands to pas throwe to thayr awin land to eyt thair gers and laubur thair land; 1517 Buchan Cl. II 135.
As to ȝour diseis of ȝour byill … that stoipis ȝowe to trawell the best remeid is ane plaister; 1566 Breadalbane Lett.
(3) Balȝies of Glasgu was the first byars of the said wyne, and tharefter stoppit in the resaving of the samyn be the … communite; 1469 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 3.
(4) He had ane lauchfull impediment and stop throw this seiknes of pestelence being in the partis about Peblis and be that stoppit that he coud nocht get his brevis servit; 1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 405.
(5) The Romanis war stoppit, all the simer following, fra ony forthir conques on the Scottis; Bell. Boece I 144.
Munitius … vald gane stand and stop hym fra the takkyng of the said hil; Compl. 176/22.
While the coalhewers were in digging down … they were stopped from working by damps or ill air; Sinclair Hydrostaticks 197.
(6) We heirsay that ȝe will nocht thoill ȝour douchter to gif our hir fee of the said landis … bot stoppes hir therof; 1531–2 Reg. Morton I 3.
Desyrand thair cousall quhat was best to be done thairin to frustrar and stope him of his intent; Pitsc. II 3/30.
The saidis persones … come to oure … burghe … of purpois to haif enterit perforce thairintill … quha being than stoppit of thair wickit interprys, hes [etc.]; 1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 26.
b. (1) The inquisicioune that was ordanit to be takin was stoppit and cessit be the Kingis lettres; 1473 Acta Aud. 26/2.
Alleging that the forsaid mill stopit the passing up and down of all fisch in the tyme of the roding; 1496 Rec. Earld. Orkney 74.
That the invasiouns of Scottis and Pichtis … suld thareeftir be stoppit … he … gart big ane thik strang wall; Boece 168.
Thay that stoppis nocht thair nichtburs skaith quhair thay cane or warnis noth thaime thair of befor giff thay knaw it and thay ma … thay sine aganis this command; Gau 17/12.
It is declarit … that nane appellatioun fra sentence of desertioun of appellationis befor interponit sall stop the geving of sick lettres; 1535 Acts II 342/2.
[They] sall never wit the said Robertis Master of Boyd nor his frsaidis scaith bot sall aduerteis thame and stoip the samin at thair pouer; 1551 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 15.
Letteres for discussing of impediment proponit … to stop the mariaige of the said Walter; 1565 St. A. Kirk S. 255.
Do all hyndir … ȝe may to the saidis rebellis and stoppe thair returnyng haymvart; 1568 Reg. Morton I 38.
The air was maid dry and of gude odour quhilk stopit all forder putrefactioun; Skeyne Descr. Pest 19.
Sr James stoppit the kingis meting with his vncle the king of England quha … having bot ane dochter wes willing to haif mareit hir with the king of Scotland; Buch. Wr. 27.
This wickit man [sc. Cardinal Beaton] that stopis the peac betuix Ingland and Scottland; Pitsc. II 80/16.
Ane exceptioun temporall … stayis and stopis the intensioun of the persewer for ane certane space of tyme; Bisset I 179/27.
Nae privat seaseing, given be the superior to any persone efter the decease of his wassall, aucht to stope or imped the seruice of the breiffe; Hope Major Pract. II 55.
And so there was not only a litis pendentia but a litis-contestation there, which ought to stop any procedure intented here after it was made litigious in England; 1698 Fountainhall Decis. I 816.
(b) A man of a singular jugement and of sik subtilitie that he could, in tyme of neid, ather stap a trane or mak a trayne; Dalr. II 17/15.
(2) Ane band of chosin men … to stop vittallis cuming to Romanis; Bell. Boece I 146.
(3) [He] has biggit and alterit the said dam and closit the said clowse … stoppit the watter to discend thairthrow [etc.]; 1558 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXIII 103.
Gif superfluite or corruptioun of humoris be euacuat and purgit stoppand siclyk as gener in tymes cumming; Skeyne Descr. Pest 18.
The saidis Provest [etc.] … hes stoppit the said malt to be inbrocht within thair fredome; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 578.
This … aith is … used to stope the malice … of men, to pley, or to vex or trubill thair nychtbouris, maliciouslie; Bisset I 190/3.
(4) A band of chosin men … to stop that na brig war maid ouir Tay; Bell. Boece I 147.
The saidis Erle of Murray and Lethingtoun … promising if we wald consent to the samin [sc. obtaining Mary's divorce from Darnley] that they sould … restoir us in our awin landis and offices … our answer was, it sould not stop be us [etc.]; 1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 571.
Thaj send to Sanctcolmes Inche, to stope that na uther schippis come to Leith; Diurn. Occurr. 45.
c. In legal documents, esp. lawburrows, in the phrases to stop and (or) lat (let and stop), to (try to) prevent (another's harm or injury; a person from causing such harm; a mechanism from functioning).
(1) I sal nowther heyr nor see my said lordis dampnage harme nor scaith bot I sall warne him tharof and lete it and stop it at all my power; 1497 Oliphants 32.
I sal nothir wit knaw see nor vnderstande his nor thair skath dede nor disherising … bot I sal stope and lett it; 1508 Misc. Spald. C. II 264.
Except to sick as [gap in ed.] aggree [gap in ed.] nother [to] sie, heir nor understand utheris skaith [gap in ed.] bot sall resist stope and lat the same; 1588 Old Ross-shire II 4.
We … sall nether heir nor sie his skeathe, hurtt nor harme … bot sall stoipe and latt the samyne; 1610 Red Bk. Grandtully I 110.
(2) Gillepadryk Myller hes fundyn William McQueyne souerte that the myll of Culkabok and myller thairof salbe harmeless and skaytheles of hym bot as law wyll and all he may stope and latt onder the pane of law; 1560 Inverness Rec. I 47.
1574 Inverness Rec. I xci.
The seid complener … Innawayis to be trowblit be ony of the seidis personis … Quhom thay may stoip nor lat directly nor inderectly; 1605 Stewart Mem. 115.
That he sall onnawayes trouble nor molest James Cruikshank … and … his sone be word, work, or deid, nor be na vtheris quhom he may stop nor lat; 1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 17.
— To prufe that he was stoppit & lettit be our souerane lordis lettrez of recognition … that he micht nocht vse his office to the payment of the saide xxx li.; 1481 Acta Aud. 95/1.
(3) That thai sall nocht walk nor thoill thar seruandis nor prentyssis to walk bonettis to na bonet makar at thar sex myllis, … nor at na vther myll at thai may stop or lat; 1520 Edinb. B. Rec. I 200.
d. In various legal contexts: To suspend or cancel.
Quhen tacks are stoped be warde or nonentrie; Hope Major Pract. I 231.
Where any act, decreet or protestation being pronounced, without debate in the cause, is thereafter stopped upon application of one of the parties; 1690 Acts Sederunt ii 185.
Consignation … stops the running of annuals and all other inconveniencies upon the debtor; Stair Inst. i xviii § 4.
And so farms being liquidate will stop the course of annualrent from the time of the liquidation; Stair Inst. i xviii § 6.
e. To delay, postpone.
Sessioune stoppit quhill Merche in respect of the pest; 1479 Acta Conc. II cxxxiv.
The tribunis stoppit thare jugement, for thai wald nocht suffir the questouris to haue ony commites for jugement of Wolchius quhil thare law war first astablit; Bell. Livy I 278/20.
Decerns Thomas Carsan … to pay to Hugh Maxwell of Cooll twellff pundis Scots restand of nolts pryce but stoppis extract till Cooll depone anent the verritie of the said sowme now decerned; 1678 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 31 July.
Ordains ther proclamationis to be stopt till they perform the order of the church; 1695 Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. I 58.
11. a. To hamper, impede, obstruct, interfere with (the course, normal activity or functioning of) (something); to hamper (something) in (of) (an activity). b. To hinder (a person or animal) (chiefly, in some action or activity).
There is some ambiguity between this sense and the preceding one.
a. [Wine] stoppis the wittis of man and hynderis the knaulage; Hay II 141/23.
Thi jugis … Abusis oft tyme thair jurisdiccioune, Stoppand the law for lufe, frenschip, or fede; Regim. Princ. 192 (Marchm.).
For gude reule … and expedition of cause … quhilkis ar gretly stoppit and hinderit throu multitud of peple that cumis in the consale hous makand gret noys and misreule; 1511 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XI 107.
We charge yow that ye admitt na sic writtingis of ouris to stop justice; 1527 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XI 115.
Becaus thai biggit it [sc. the Tower of Babel] of pride … He stoppit thare laubor be divisioune of thare toungis in 72 ledis; Abell 3b.
Georde Tailȝour … sall laubour and graitht in all sortis our garding … orcheat treis [etc.] … for the quhilk he sall haue all the erd nocht stoppand our planting; 1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 211.
Diuerse massife cluddis quhilk stoppis and empeschis the operatione of the planetis; Compl. 59/27.
Anent souldiouris and marineris that stoppis voyage, or raisis discord within the ship; Balfour Pract. 627.
Slauchtar and murthure at the comand of ane Douglas was enemye to stop iustice; Pitsc. I 65 heading.
The … inquest … finds the said Alexander Lowry to be guilty of the said blood-wyte becaus the said Andro first bedded the kylle and the said Alexander offered to stopt him and dispossess him … at his awn hand; 1663 Stitchill Baron Ct. 29.
Not only the course of bringing in stockings to this countrie hath bein much stoped [by his labours] bot also he hath bein abell to furnish many hundreth dussone off stockings [for export]; 1672 Edinb. B. Rec. X 129.
Instead of reading the said proclaimatione for a contrabutione for the French and Irish Protestants he most barborouslie … did stopt, hinder and imped the reading … of the samen; 1689 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIV 109.
(b) They might lay the blame on the Presbyterians … and stoop the favor that was intended them of opening some of their ministers mouths and the truth is it did retard that better almost a year; 1669–70 Lauder Jrnl. 231.
(2) The maister gart al his … men of veyr hald them quiet at rest be rason that the mouyng of the pepil vitht in ane schip stoppis hyr of hyr faird; Compl. 42/11.
b. (1) He grantit that he stopit the evinaris & let thaim to deill equalie as thai wer ordanit; 1511 Alloway Baron Ct. 6 May.
So that ȝhe reddy be and na delay May stoppyn ȝou; Doug. xi i 44.
It was nocht expedient that thai that mycht bere na armoure na wapynnis … suld enter in the capitoll, to stop the few novmer of armyt men that war in the sam[yn]; Bell. Livy II 209/21.
Franche men wan Royme bot a ganeris cry stoppit tham; Abell 5*b.
Thare has bene sindry dietis appoyntit for redres … as ȝit unkepit … albeit the falt is nocht in thame or me bot is stoppit thare fra for certane resonabble causis; 1526 Douglas Corr. 108.
He was stoppit be contrairius windis and vther impedementis and landit agane the third day; Pitsc. II 25/14.
The … deane of gild … shall not haue power to quarrell, stope or impede anie burges receeding within the toun … that is can not challeng them nor force them … to enter of new againe as burgessis or pay anie thing to the gild box; 1668 Conv. Burghs III 606.
(2) Maister Glande … stoppis amd makis the said David impediment to intromet use occupye and dispone upoun his said thrid pairt hoy; 1559 Admir. Ct. Bk. (St. S.) 107.
(3) That nane of ȝow tak apon haund to lat, stop, trubil, inquiet or molest our said cousing … in the brouking … of the said landis; 1507 Crim. Trials I i 108.
Gif it happinnis … that [they] … beis molestit stoppit or trublit in the bruking and joising of the said superiorite; 1531 Boyd Fam. P. No. 6 (3 Feb.).
12. To put an end to, cause (an action, process, state of affairs) to cease.
(a) Al the wark, … cessis and is stoppyt, baith of pynnakillis hie And byg towris; Doug. iv ii 77.
[James knows the preparations made against Henry's proposed invasion of France, which may make it] dangerous, and stop all concord; 1513 Lett. James IV 305.
It is neidfull that the provest haue seruandis with wapponis till stope all troublis and evill; 1520 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 201.
Thair maist hie tresoun aganis the quene, pretending hir authoritie and stopping hir libertie; Buch. Wr. 25.
Quhair lechery belappis, All steidfast luve it stoppis; Scott xxxiv 122.
Gif the … ecclesiastical jurisdictioun ceisis, or be stopt be civil wars or utherwayis; Balfour Pract. 269.
The Earle of Crafurd being in Dundie for the tyme lyand, to stope all mischeif; Pitsc. I 54/30.
To thame that luikis maist scharple to it [sc. the eclipse] sall gaddir perpetuall blindnes thocht fors of thair seicht be stoppit be the devinis of the obiect of the same; 1588 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis in Sc. N. & Q. I 37.
(b) For sterne must hee stay still, till you stap his sturt; Craig v 21.
(c) To stoope the said house bigging; 1660 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 317.
b. To put out (a fire).
[They] brunt the mane barne and Sanctgeillis kirk, and schot continwallie enduring the fyre, that nane suld red nor stope the samin; Diurn. Occurr. 325.
c. To prevent from, or cause to cease, functioning; to forbid the use of (a mechanism or implement).
He stoppit the said milne quhen scho sulde haue gane and als tuke vp the multer that come of hir; 1484 Acta Aud. *145/2.
— That the Bailie [etc.] … intimate to the minister … that he may be liable for a riot to them for cost and damage … and in the meantime will also stop the plough in case he presumes to till; 1686 R. Brown Paisley I 92.
d. To cancel; to rule out as invalid (a command, ruling, contract, etc.).
Bathe the king of France and the emperour sendis him message on a day to cum to thair service … thus mon he byde at hame, sen the ta mandement stoppis the tothir; Hay I 193/21.
[Alexander Bannerman] gart stoip the graintour [erron. for gravatour] rasit be the abbot and convent of Kynlos that curssit thayme that put the kyrkland of Candelane fra thayr ald uys and possession; 1501 Buchan Cl. II 122.
David Gray a man past fourscore and ten yeiris being contracted to a young woman, it's ordeant that their bands be stopit; 1637 Elgin Rec. II 232.
Whereby the saids magistrates … will very much facilitat thair work and advance the public affairs of the said incorporation and they will therby stope all impediments and tak off all doubts that have [been] … raised by such persons as are liable in payment to them; 1681 Dumbarton B. Rec. 92.
13. To cease in movement, activity or function: a. Of an animal: To come to a halt, cease forward movement. b. To pause in speech; to cease, through inability to continue (in prayer). c. Of water: To cease flowing. d. Of a clock: To cease marking the time through a defect in the mechanism. e. Of a process or course of action: To come to an end; ? to come to nothing. f. Of the action of praying: To cease involuntarily; to fail to continue.
a. Mony a coursour suddanlie was slane And sume war woundit alsa fellony That gart thame stop and ramp and draw thame by; Hay Alex. 1372.
This wedder … stoppit nouther at bank, busk nor bra; Henr. Fab. 2521.
b. Begyn scho wald to tell furth hir entent, And in the myd word stop, and hald hir styll; Doug. iv ii 53.
That sche had foir-knawledge be hir wichcraft of diseasit persounes gif thay wald leue or nocht … To wit that gif sche stopit anis in hir prayer, the seik persoun wes bewichit; and gif the prayer stopit twyis, the diseasit persoune wald die … that gif sche stopit in hir prayer, sche wald nocht pas to the seik persoun; and gif sche stopit nocht, sche wald pas, and the persoun diseasit wald leve; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 232.
c. Now se ȝe sall Ȝone herbe that gerris the watter stop At all ȝone holis that neuer a drope It lattis cum of ȝone borit tre; Seven S. 765.
Tyberinus bakwartis dyd rebound, As thocht hys curs dyd stop and step abak; Doug. ix iii 111.
d. To make ane ingine to cause the pendulum and the four hands be in constant motione … so that the clock shall not at any tyme stope in her motione; 1692 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 313.
e. And in the mintyme continowit the said matter unto the day foirsaid the quhilk day the said matter has stopit and na forder proces led therintill; 1585 Boyd Fam. P. No. 69 (31 March).
f. 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 232 (see b above).
For the foirtelling, … that hir husband, beand seik wald die becaus hir prayer stopit; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 234.
Sche could nocht help the lady, in respect that hir prayer stopit; and that sche wes sorie for itt; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 236.
14. To pause, hesitate, delay. Variously const.
(a) The Inglis commissionaris gif thai had had ony maner of auctorite be vertu of the said trewis wolde nocht gretly haue sykkit nor stoppit in that mater; 1498 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 83.
Stoup thow not at the secund chairge, Mischeivous mischant, we shall mell With laidlie language; Polwart Flyt. 130 (H).
Sr Alexander … if he wald have savit his sones he wald not have stopit for ane woman; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 20.
(b) I wuld ye stoopit nocht to bring or send my coffaris with this berar; 1558 Waus Corr. 13.
b. Passing into: To hesitate because of scruples, to scruple (to do something).
I ken nane now … To doe ane wrang that will forbeir Nor ȝit will stope for to remove His nychtbour baith fra land and geir; Maitland in Maitl. Q. 52/57.
15. To leave off, cease (to do something). b. To refrain (from something).
Doug. Pal. Hon. 833 (see 10 a (2) above).
For na privat proffet … Stop not to mak ane perfyte vnite; Maitland in Maitl. F. 328/42.
Letters … ordering the Judges to stoppe and desist sine die to determine causes depending before them; 1689 Acts XII 61/2.
— For luve … Thair sall no sorrow in me synk Nor ȝit in vane To suffer pane To stop frome sleip frome meit or drink; Scott xxvii 16.
16. ? To stay, remain.
Not recorded in this sense in English until 1801.
This squyer … stoutlie stoppit in the stour And dang on thame with dintis dour; Lynd. Meldrum 657.
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