A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Schalm(e, Schawm(e, n. Also: schallme, shalm(e; shaum. Pl. schammes. Schalomond. [ME and e.m.E. (pl.) schalmeis (c1350; v.rr. schalmys, schalmes, schalmuses), shalmyes (Chaucer; v.rr. chalemyes, shalemeyes), shalmes (1513), shaulmes (1533), (sing.) schallemele (Gower), shamulle (1524), shalme (1542), shaulme (1565), OF chalemel (12th c. in Larousse), MF chalemie (14th c. in Wartburg), low L. calamellus, L. calamus a reed.] A medieval wood-wind instrument resembling the oboe, a shawm. (a) The dulset the dulsacordis the schalme of assay; Howlat 762 (A).
Hard I play and sing … On croud, lute, harp, with mony gudlie spring. Schalmes, clariounis, portatiues, hard I ring; Doug. Pal. Hon. 503.
To ane of the menstrales … to by him ane schalme … xxviij s.; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 399.
1505 Ib. III 109, etc.
The schalmis schill gart all the schawis s[ch]aik; Stewart 5726.
The buglis blew, the schalmes schoutit schill; Ib. 10349.
Ib. 3614.
Thow suld haue hard the din of instrumentis, Of tabrone, trumpet, schalme, & clarioun; Lynd. Depl. Magd. 136.
Id. Mon. 2505.
Rolland Seven S. 626.
Scott ii 45.
Schallmes; Pitsc. I 379/29.
Go take vpe the psalmes, The timbrel with shalmes; Wode's Psalter lxxxi.
Mak shouting shalms and persing phiphers shill; Hume 54/55.
Philotus 194.
Jhonn Orley, Inglisman … sall serve the toune in his calling and with the musicall instruments of schalmes, howboyes and sicklyk be himself and four expert musicianes … and thai to pas playing and singand upoun thai said instruments throw the town Cowgaitt and all ilk morning; 1607 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 26.
(b) The trumpettis, schawmis and menstrallie Maid sic ane reird it was gret melodie; Hay Alex. 941.
To the boyis that playis on the schawmes, xiiij s.; 1505–6 Treas. Acc. III 179.
1507 Ib. 378.
With tympanys [etc.] … And bos schawmys of turnyt buschboun tre; Doug. ix x 67.
In all partis sonyt war trumpettis and schawmys; Boece 161.
Schawme; Rolland Seven S. 1586.
The rabble-rowt … whirl'd, When pipe and shaum together skirl'd; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 43.
(c) Quha playit befoir Sanct Geill … on the schammes; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 220.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Schalm(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Oct 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/schalme>

48224

dost

Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST:

Browse Up
    Loading...
Browse Down

Share: