A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Sand-ele, Sandell, n. Also: sand-eil(l, -eile, -eel, -iell; sandill. [ME and e.m.E. sandel (1307), sandhell (1338), sandeel(e (1425–6), sawndel (Prompt. Parv.), sandil (1558), sand-eele (1671); Sand n. and Ele n. Also in the mod. dial. with reduced second element as san(d)al, -il, -le, sannal.] A sand-eel, the small eel-like fish found on sandy shores. Also attrib. with bait, polk (Poke n. 3 b).
(a) To gather wilkes, cokles, lempets, mussels, sand-eiles, small fish or baite; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Ware.
Ane cleir glancing plaitt … full … with quhyttingis or sandeillis schyning and glittering thairintill; 1609 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 70.
That quhaso evir vpon the Sabboth day salbe fund raiking sandelis or gathering enie other sort of baite … they sall pay [etc.]; 1616 Fraserburgh Kirk S. fol. 79a (27 Nov.).
Gordon Geneal. Hist. 5.
The sand-eel is of the shape of a fresh water eel, about a foot or some more in length; 1661 Symson Descr. Galloway App. 149.
(b) Dischargis the haill toun fra passing to the sandells during this seisoun; 1584 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 99.
In taking of sandellis on the sabboithe day; 1623 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 23 July.
The rest that was withe tham gaddering sandellis; Ib.
There is a place in Southerland … wher the inhabitants doe tak a kynd of fish called sandells; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 5.
The fisch they make greatest cont of are that they call the sardine, which seimes to be our sandell; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 62.
To my wife to help to pay cockles and sandills; 1689 Foulis Acc. Bk. 113.
uninfl. pl. The Devill cutt them as small as sandell that ever shall seek mor sandiell baitt; 1649 Cullen Kirk S. 17 June (= Robertson Cullen Ch. Ann. 31).
attrib. [Ane artikill] anent the sandeil poilkis in the west; 1595 Conv. Burghs I 469.
Aganis the brughis of Air, Irewin … for suffering the fischeris quha fischis in thair watteris to fische with sandeill polkis to the grit distructioun of the hering fry; 1602 Ib. II 151.
— Sandiell baitt; 1649 (see uninfl. pl. above).
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"Sand-ele n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Feb 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/sand_ele>
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