A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Rewine, Ruine, -yn(e, n. Also: rewing, -ynd, -ene; reuine, -yne, -ing; rewvine, -yne; ruing, -eyn, rwine, -yn(e, -en, ruuyn(e, ruvyne, ruyine, ruwyne, ruiyne; rowin(e, -yne, -ing, -yng, -ane. [ME and e.m.E. ruyne, ruen (both Chaucer), OF ruine (c1155 in Larousse), L. ruīna, f. ruere to fall.] Freq. in such phrs. as bring to rewine, put to rewine, ga to rewine, etc., see esp. 2 and 7 below.
1. Of a structure: The act, or fact, of falling down or collapsing.
The towne At he defendit had fra skath … and fra ruyne bath; Leg. S. i 554.
A part of it fel done, … & thai that chapit that ruyne, Fled to the tempil Apolyne; Ib. xv 163.
Quhar as the craggy quhynnys dovn declyne Has drawyn of the hill a huge rewyne; Doug. viii iv 18.
The rowyng and downe fallyng of the bulwark and peir; 1571 Crail B. Ct. MS 1 June.
Rueyn; 1609 Glasgow Chart. II 573.
The brig of … Glasgow … being … verie fer decayit and at the poynte of ruyne; 1618 Ib. I ii 300.
By the occasione of the rewine of the peir the harbour is decayed; 1686 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 11.
b. Material deterioration.
Thair is nothing … stabill bot all thing subiect to ruine and decay; Pitsc. I 112/26.
2. The condition (of a material thing) consequent upon its falling down or collapsing.
Only in the phr. to (vnto, into) rewine.
Cf. 7 below, with which there may be some ambiguity.
The twa Atrydes that Troy to rewyne brocht; Doug. ix iii 146.
The cite syne, That semyt brocht onto fynall ruyne; Ib. xii x 142.
Maist terribill flambis, bringand gret townis and bigingis to uter rewine; Bell.
Boece II 462.
The convent and place quhare God suld be daylie honourit and servit gais clene to rewyne; Q. Kennedy Tractive 151.
The said land quhilk is like be all apperance of craftismen … to fall … to vtter revyne; 1562 Edinb. B. Deeds 55.
1658 Orkney Rentals App. 59.
And now since the samein [church] is lyklie to go to reuine throw the tempestous weather hes bein the last winter; 1659 Ib. App. 48.
b. What is left after collapse or destruction; ruins.
& that the said Alexander sal mak wp agayn the rowane of the ȝat the qwhilk he has mad apon the said priour als gude as it was qwhen he brak it done & made the ȝat; 1471 Ayr B. Ct. 22 April.
3. A ruined, or ruinous, building.
The signis of the samyn quhare it stude and the rewyne [sc. Castle Urquhart] … ar richt wounderfull to consider; Boece 52.
That it ves ane rowine vnganand to haif lugit ane prince in to; Buch. Indict. 40.
b. pl. The remains of a decayed or fallen building, town, etc.
Betwene the ruynes of twa tempillis; Buch. Detect. (1727) 67.
Troy … Whose ruines poore … low in ashes lye; Mure Dido & Æneas i 101.
Wiseting the haill pairtis of the said college, … and directit the ruingis and decayit pairtis thairof to be helpit; 1623 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 282.
4. pl. Damage done to a place or (part of) a building.
Const. of the place, or without const.
He desyred all men to considder thair works and specialie the rewingis of Edinburgh; Bann. Memor. 284.
And schawing … the faultis and apperand rewyndis of the windois, sclaittis, thak and wallis; 1579 Reg. Privy S. VII 306/1.
To schaw the sessioun of the rwynis of the stipill that they micht concure to the reparatioun thairof; 1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 1 Nov.
To show them the ruynes that had fallin out thair be the great storme of wind; 1633 Macgibbon & Ross V 552.
5. The destruction (of anything); devastation.
(1) Thai war … ful of yre … of the ruyne wes thare mad Of thare goddis; Leg. S. xi 448.
Of the cite not dredand The distructioune or ruyne; Troy-bk. ii 245 (C).
O thou Anchis, that … twys eschapit of Troy the sayr rewyne; Doug. iii vii 10.
Jerusalem, Quhose rewyne wes most miserabyll. … Wes neuer, in erth, cetie nor toun, Gatt sic extreme distructioun; Lynd. Mon. 3828.
Sum utheris that throw the rewyne of the hous wer oppressit, and sum … preservit; 1566–7 Reg. Privy C. I 498.
The utter rewine and desolation of thair said burghe; 1646 Aberd. Council Lett. III 61.
(2) Lat nocht, mychtty lord, this hevinly place stand in ruyne; Irland Mir. I 120/21.
My landis braid … na furius ire Nor … fire Nor bitter deith may bring unto rewine; Bell.
Boece I x.
I sie the world wrack is cumed and rwine is begun; Fowler I 121/92.
The cruelltie, the horroure, the destruction & ruyne … The bloodie futesteppes of his oist indomptid follouing keipis; James VI Poems I 143/283.
6. A downfall or ruin; a fall from grace, position, wealth, etc. a. Of the fall of man or the angels. b. Of a person, community, nation, etc. c. fig. Of a non-material thing.
a. To hire self sche wane the hevinly grace; to the angellis, the reparacioun of thare ruyne; Irland Mir. I 148/10.
Ib. II 41/29.
Quhen angels fell, thair miserabil ruyne Was never restorit; Lynd. Sat. 3462 (Ch.).
Efter my rude ingyne, I sall rehers thé that rewyne; Id. Mon. 864.
b. Dreidand the rewine of Britane, gif the Scottis and Pichtis war nocht haistely repressit; Bell.
Boece II 25.
Rome began thus ilk day to rise mare and mare in policy and riches be rewyne of Alba; Id. Livy I 69/29.
Thair lichlines … Suld be the caus of thair rewene and fall; Stewart 49848.
Sic thingis as seme … to redound to … rewyne of the haill commoun weill of Scotland; Buch. Wr. 22.
That saifgaird it self, albeit it wald could not preserue this man from destructioun and rewvyne; Pitsc. I 44/26.
Rewvine; Ib. 51/26.
We have sustained great hurt … and are like to sustain still further to the extreme rewine and dekay of our touns and free ports; 1583 Pittenweem Ann. 7.
Ane act … apperandlye tendand to the rewing of the … induellaris and merchandis; 1590 Conv. Burghs I 338.
Quhen kingis … governis nocht be guid counsall … they wirk thair awin uthir rewyne; Bisset I 54/32.
Thatt I will be the reuing of countrie; 1638 Hamilton P. (Camden Soc.) 5.
(b) Sene it hes bene the principall vniuersite … within this realme, nocht to thoile it … to gange tu vter distructioun & ruvyne; c1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
The miserabil ruynis that God sendis on vrangus conquestours; Compl. 80/17.
The mair eleuat that ane person be …, his fal & ruuyn sal be the hauyar; Ib. 170/30.
Quhilk now is cause of my rakles ruyne; 1567 Sat. P. iv 27.
Thay consultit how thay suld best sustene thair kingdome inclynand to ruyne, quhilk laitlie had gottin sa publict ane wound; Lyndesay Pref. (S.T.S.) 398.
Being ane quhome the ruyne of his awin decayit familie prickit fordwart heidlang to mischeif; Buch. Detect. (1727) 58.
He wysched na thing mair nor the rwine of Lord Crichtounis hous, and his posteritie rutit out alutterlie; Pitsc. I 20/7.
Ruwyne; Ib. 20/19.
Rvine; Ib. 87/4.
Rwen; Ib. 276/17.
That they may be … preseruit from vtter rving and perditioun; 1584 Acts III 325/2.
Ruiyne; Fowler I 196/7.
Of that applyment the said college … suld ressave evidentlie rwyne; 1598 Liber Coll. Glasg. p. lxxv.
The fall and ruyne of the merchand estait a most profitabill member of the commoun welthe; 1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 210.
Bot ambition hastens rwyn; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 96.
The samyn could nevir haif wrocht … the laird of Pitcaple his rwyne ather in lyf estait name fame or fortoun; 1631 Justiciary Cases I 161.
The subversion and ruine of the true reformed religion; 1638 Nat. Covenant in Facs. Nat. MSS III xcvii.
I see nothing bot ruine for poor Scotland; 1646 Baillie II 383.
(c) Thear arays swme debait … quhilk cawsit ane gryt wrak and rowine of the hows and wos the only caws of the selline of … Glaster and Carnegy; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xxxvi.
It shall twrn to ther own rowin in the end; 1639 Maxwell Mem. II 268.
And ane ewedent tokn of ther eternall rowing without repentanc; 1684 Dundee B. Laws 451.
c. And the said office wes put to richt gret ruyne and amast to rycht nocht; Loutfut MS 6b.
That hir honour distres thoill nor ruine; Rolland Ct. Venus i 286.
To the greit hurt and detriment of the patrimonie and rowin of his croun; 1584 Acts III 369/1.
The totall rwine of his fortoune; Mure Historie … of Rowallane 252.
It wald tend to the uther rowine [pr. rownie] of the trad of tobaco; 1672 Edinb. B. Rec. X 114.
d. A disaster or catastrophe.
Sche vas in grite dout … for ane mair dolorus future ruuyne that vas aperand to succumb hyr; Compl. 68/19.
e. ? Some sort of curse, calling down loss or disaster on the person cursed.
Thus leit he no man his peire; Gif ony nech wald him neir, He bad tham rebaldis orere, With a ruyne; Howlat 909 (A).
7. A condition of utter deprivation, despair, abasement or humiliation.
Men will abstene fra lustis sensuall … All for this cors [= body] that rakis to rewyne [H. ryvine]; Contempl. Sinn. 1317 (Asl.).
Oftimes … pepill contending for the superiorite, hes brocht thaimself to miserabill rewine; Bell.
Boece I 18.
Yoldin and miserabill creaturis, dejeckit to extreme rewine; Ib. II 56.
I wyt the Empriour Constantyne, That I am put to sic rewyne; Lynd. Sat. 1451 (B).
It is na meruel that ȝour cuntre cum to ruuyne and desolatione; Compl. 166/26.
The … dulefull houre Of Floudoun feild … That royall roy … With infinite nobillis brocht vnto rwyne; Duncan Laideus Test. 154.
Or quhat treasure may ony man now tine That strykis thé doun, or puttis thé to ruine? Rolland Seven S. 5003.
The … principallis of the nobilytie thair howsis and freindis to be put to gret wrak and utter ruyne; Leslie 300.
And hes putt him self thairby to vtter rewyne, hereschip and pouerte; 1570 Crim. Trials I ii 13.
No man regairdis renoun in rowyne; Arbuthnot Maitl. Q. 141/31.
To put all the pure creditoris to utter wrack and ruyine; c1641 Soc. Ant. XXV 57.
The most pairt of the pet[it]io[ne]rs … will apparentlie be reduced to indubitable povertie and uter rewing; 1674 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. MS 14 Dec.
8. An agent that causes decline, overthrow or downfall.
Sancte Johnne … of al vicis the rwyne; Leg. S. xxxvi 620.
For civil seditioun is the onelie poisson and rewyne of all riche cieteis; Bell. Livy I 205/20.
So that my staying heire at Anwik … will be my heirschip and rwyne extreme; 1548 Misc. Bann. C. III 409.
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"Rewine n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 11 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/rewine_n>
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