A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Luke, n. Also: luk; luik(e, luyk, lwik; loik; louk, look; leuke. [ME. (c 1200) lok(e, look, f. Luke v.]

1. The action of looking; a look, a glance. At a luke, in the space of a luke, at a glance, in the twinkling of an eye. (1) Houngrie men may not leif on lukis [H. luikis, B. loikis]; Henr. Fab. 104 (Ch.).
His wyf … Bot for a luke [B. luk] sa sone was hynt hym fro; Id. Orph. 280 (Ch. & M.).
Sal neuer freik on fold … Gar me lurk for ane luke; Gol. & Gaw. 1080.
Dunb. G. Targe 136.
Be nocht in countenance ane skornar, nor by luke; Id. xx. 35.
Men that has precious stanis in thair eyne that will sla men with thair luke; Asl. MS. I. 168/8.
Govand apon thar bryght armour … So fer as that thar luke mycht thame attane; Doug. viii. ix. 118.
As euery wight To that effect addressyt thar luke and sycht; Ib. xii. i. 8.
Stewart 13404.
My luke is not set upon thir visibill thingis; 1599 Rollock Wks. I. 301.
(b) His knightheid scho enforcit with hir luike; Clar. v. 2041.
[A disease which] he haid gotin be the dink and luike of ane euill ee; 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 115.
(c) [That his majesty] will accompt ane louk to be gewin at this tyme as a cryme of mutillatioun, and ane straik … as a cryme of treasoun; 1600 Reg. Privy C. VI. 168.
(2) The quhilk, quhat thinge it ourtuke A[s] fyr gregois brynt at a luke; Leg. S. xvii. 46.
Sudaynly, in the space of a luke, All was hyne went; Dunb. G. Targe 232.

b. With epithets or descriptive contexts. Passing into sense 2. Also fig. sing. The uolf … With girnand teith and awfull angrie [B. angry austre] luk, Said to the lamb [etc.]; Henr. Fab. 2622.
Gret ene and ronde … And staitlie luke and lordlie and litill gleyd; Alex. (Taym.) 231.
Crabbit Saturn … His luke was lyke for to perturb the aire; Dunb. G. Targe 115.
Ib. 123.
Be of ȝour luke like innocentis; Id. Tua Mar. W. 267.
I drup with a ded luke; Ib. 420.
Ib. 188, 229.
Id. xxi. 43, xlii. 37, xlviii. 93, etc.
With a luke onlufsum he lent me sic wordis; Doug. viii. Prol. 120.
With lyoun luke; Stewart 12956.
With ane stedfast leuke debonarlie Scho all beheld the mirrie companie; Clar. v. 1323.
Rolland Seven S. 5969.
In presence of the Regent … scho cast ane pietious luik; Buch. Detect. (1727) 13.
Auld Capetan Leirmount with ane luik to bang thame; 1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix. 150.
Vith luik obscuir and phisuomie detort; J. Stewart 68/116.
Ib. 226. § 105.
When that a quik and gallant lwik did mak me crawe to … behoulde the trowpe; Fowler I. 108/105.
plur. Quhar is now … thyne eyn twan With thar sweit blenkand lukis; Doug. xiii. v. 66.
Stewart 12952.
With secreit blenkis … With smylling loukis full of cherising; Clar. ii. 1864.
Haue lyounis lukis and than mak me ane lear; 1570 Sempill Sat. P. xii. 127.
Johnne Hamiltoun … quhome with mery lukis and gentill contenance … scho enterit in the game of the glaiks; Buch. Wr. 30.
fig. The mason-like looks of his conscience, levelling its eye to each action [etc.]; Dickson Matthew 3.

c. (To take, have, get, etc.) a (close, cursory, etc.) look (= sight, inspection, examination) of anything. d. To have a look, to have an eye, to intend (to do something). c. And sua it is that at the first luik or sicht of these nottis of the samyn, ȝe may get suir knawlege thairof; Bisset II. 320/17.
The surveyer who useth to take but half a look of matters; Jus Populi 194.
For it is ay heartsom to have ay a broad look of our own case; M. Bruce Rattling Dry Bones 7.
It is but an overly look that ye have gotten of it, ye have never been at the heart of the … case; Ib. 10.
If you will take a narrow look of them; Charters Spiritual Disc. 10.
Take a look of what sin hath done to us this day; Renwick Serm. 272.
d. I could not argument for the truth as others, but I neuir had a look to go back, nor one wrong thought of God; 1683 Wodrow Hist. III. 457.

2. Personal appearance or aspect, ‘looks’. Also plur. in same sense. Thar luk, thar ferys and thare pais; Thewis Wysmen 79.
Ane thowsand kiddis … Thy lymmerfull luke wald fle thame; Dunb. Flyt. 152.
Thy ghaistly luke fleys folkis that pas thé by; Ib. 175.
plur. The larbar lukis of thy lang lene craig; Dunb. Flyt. 169.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Luke n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Feb 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/luke_n>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST:

Browse Up
Browse Down