A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Langag(e, n. Also: langg-, laung-, landgage, langagh, -aig(e, -eg(e, -eig. [ME. (c 1290), e.m.E., and F. langage: cf. Language.]

1. A language: one of the classical or vernacular languages. Also, in early use, occas. as a collective without plur. inflection. (1) Off langagis [W. langage] in Bretayne sere I fynd that sum tym fyff thare were; Wynt. i. 373.
The quhilkis clerkis had all langagis, bathe Ebrew, Greic, and Latine; Hay I. 222/30.
I haue maid this werk … in the commoune langage of this cuntre; Irland Mir. 164/14.
Latyn, That knawyn is maste perfite langage fyne; Doug. i. Prol. 382.
To pronunce of wordis ten thousand In strange langage; Lynd. Mon. 634.
[The magpie] culd talk Latine, Hebrew and Greik, And quhen scho had thir langages perfite [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 3209.
The iugement of the maist ancient writaris … expressit in vulgar langage; Skeyne Descr. Pest 3.
The natiounis … thair kingdomes, and laungages; Dalr. I. 82/4.
Unspeikable maiestie that [no] tung or langaig can exprese; Bisset II. 177/21.
coll. He cuth langage spek sere & vndirstanand tham rycht wele; Leg. S. xxvii. 308.
For diuersite of seire langage As to heire vncouth and sawage; Wynt. I. 1451 (W).
Ib. 1472.
Interpretouris … of Hebrewe Grewe & Latyne and vtheris langage; Asl. MS. l. 323/21.
How feil kyndis seir Of tungis and of langage men mycht heir; Doug. viii. xii. 120.
(2) Qwhare before wes oysid nane Bot Hebrew langage [C. langagis] it allane; Wynt. i. 1478.
I hef vsit domestic Scottis langage; Compl. 16/16.
Their minister … hawing the Iirrys langeg; 1616 Sutherland Corr. 121.
He … causid imprent the samin stemmattis … in Scottis, Latyne, … and Spanis langagis; Bisset I. 6/32.
(3) He wndyrstud … Off Grewe the langage; Wynt. vi. 934.
[He] fand … this buke … in langage of Greu, the quhilk he translatit … in the langage of Caldee, the quhilk was quhilom the langage of Grete Babiloyne; Hay II. 74/12.
This buke … Writtin in langage of Scottis natioun; Doug. i. Prol. 3.
[The] Rhetianis … haue tynt all the langage of Ethruschis; Bell. Livy II. 199/1.
(4) [To] bryng thame … Of Latyne in tyll ower langage; Wynt. i. 42.
A denere comwnaly Is in oure langage a penny; Ib. iv. 2530.
Na langage cowth he spek … Bot hys awyn langage off Normawndy; Ib. viii. 1078.
Your angel mouthis … Our rude langage has clere illumynate; Dunb. G. Targe 266.
Gathelos efter quhom our langag is callit Galeig; Asl. MS. I. 185/11.
Translatours … that tuke greit pleseir to contrafait ther vlgare langage; Compl. 16/19.
Ane bird … Quhilk we a py do call in our langage; Rolland Seven S. 3206.
To be … instrucktit … in … the prettik of wreting als weill in our langage as vtheris; 1576 Prot. Bk. T. Auchinlek .
Usand my awin maternall Scottis langaige or mother toung; Bisset I. 77/33.
(5) The caus of compilacioun of this werke in this langage; Irland Asl. MS. I. 2/16.

2. Language, in the generalized sense; speech, words. Quhen to the king chek in the feild is maid That is to saye in langage ‘Do me richt, Haue ȝe na reskew of sum vther knycht?’; Bk. Chess 2074.
The first ile … wes namit Ardgaell, fra Gathelus; quhilk now, be corruptioun of langaige, is callit Ardgyle; Bell. Boece I. 10.
Mercurius, the god of langage; Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. fol. 22 b.

3. The act of speaking or talking, discourse, talk; also an instance of this, a speech or statement, and plur. (1) Off the quhilkis twa digniteis thare is grete langage maid in haly writt; Hay I. 210/19.
Na that he be nocht … our blate that he have na langage … in tyme quhen it efferis; Ib. II. 63/11.
‘Langage off thé,’ the Bruce said, ‘I desyr’; Wall. x. 449.
Richt gret langage to this clerk thai spak; Bk. Chess 327.
Be nocht of langage quhair ȝe suld be still; Dunb. xli. 15.
At langage of lichory I leit as I war crabit; Id. Tua Mar. W. 445.
To haue … secretnes and litill langage; Asl. MS. I. 177/4.
Without any Cristian salutatioun or forder langage [thou] spak thir wordis [etc.]; 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 94.
Insurging with graitter bauldnes and force of langage; Melvill 325.
The laird wes sa … seik, that he durst nocht wse mekill langage; Hist. Kennedy 25.
[He] maist outrageouslie abuset him, baith with langaige and straikis; 1612 Crim. Trials III. 239.
I have nocht bene copious in langaige be far drevin … termes; Bisset I. 77/14.
(2) Thai … hym dispysit in thar langage als; Wall. xi. 167.
Na way he lykit hir langage; Rolland Seven S. 1124.
To mak his langag guid be ane denyell for him selff; 1586 Maxwell Corr. 25.
His daylie langag is ‘heiland theif’, ‘land lowper’; 1627 Banff Ann. I. 57.
(3) The virgyne … Wnto the angel having this langage [etc.]; Ch. & M. Pr. vi. b. 17.
Unto this king this brother said … The forsaid langage; Bk. Chess 1907.
The Pape said to the Owle: ‘Propone thin appele, Thy lamentable langage, as lykis thé Best’; Howlat 249.
(4) plur. Tak na hede to the langages of fulis; Hay II. 111/4.
Evill provocaciounis and langagis that may engender … debate betuix ȝow; Ib. 155/5.
[He] is in marcyment … for the dyspytwys langagis that he spak of Florimunde of Meldrum; 1459 Rep. Hist. MSS., Var. Coll. V. 82.
[He] is in the lordis wyl for … his buustuys langagis to the lordis tenandis; Ib.
Tha seruandys … the quhilk ar in thar langagis Thow felis flech; Bernardus 239.

b. Manner of speaking or expression; wording, diction. Chiefly with qualifying words or expressions. As fair, evil, plain, ornat etc. langage. (1) He drewe [him] with his fleching and fair langage … to trow in his opyniouns; Hay I. 18/23.
Quhat preciouse vertu is in a king to speke bot lytill and wele mesurit langage; Ib. II. 92/32.
Oys fare langage in alkyne thinge, Harsk wordis generys myslovinge; Consail Vys Man 287.
In hamly langage & in termes ruyd Me nedis wryt; Henr. Fab. 36 (Makc.).
Quhat euer men … say In scornefull langage of thy brukkilnes; Id. Test. Cress. 86.
Sen the sentence to feill is fantastike Lat the letter and langage be such like; Colk. Sow Proh. 52.
Ȝour daft & wykit langage, that ȝe haue spokin agane his … wisdome; Irland Mir. fol. 218 b.
Spekand evill langage … aganis thair gud fame; Id. Asl. MS. I. 70/26.
All lowus langage … lattand be; Doug. ix. Prol. 25.
Hus violent and impertinat langagh; 1526 Stirling B. Rec. I. 21.
To karp langage that nane may vndirstand; Bann. MS. 79 a/26.
Ony persone … that hes by wryting, speich, or vtherwayis vsed sic vnhonest langaig of me as before is specifeit … hes … lyed in his throat; 1571 Bann. Trans. 185.
He playit with … werie meik landgage and countinance; 1600 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 108/6.
Quha nocht onlie disobeyit bot gaife unreverent langage; 1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 82.
Fictionis uttered be … maid up counterfait and fraising langaige; Bisset I. 77/20.
(2) Be … curtas of langage; Makc. MS. xiv. 20.
Richt sad of langage suld he be; Fyve Bestes 357.
A woman suld … litill of langage … be, … na of langage crous; Gud Wife & D. 14, 15.
Luifsum ladies, of langage laureat; Rolland Ct. Venus ii. 13.
(3) For thocht thi langage be bayth rouche and rude, ȝit neuirtheles the sentence is richt gude; Stewart 148.
Thy langege is to me intollerabill; Bann. MS. 212 b/57.

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"Langag(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Mar 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/langage>



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