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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1976 (SND Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

WIND, v.2, n.2 Also wund (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 24; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Rxb. 1942 Zai); win, wun (ne.Sc. 1974), wyn; won (Edb. 1851 A. Maclagan Sketches 60); also, after Eng., wain, wein, wynn. Vbl.n. winnin (Ayr. 1796 Burns The Cardin' o't i.), wynnin (Ags. 1846 A. Laing Wayside Flowers 82). [wɪn(d), wʌn(d) (see I, letter, 2.(1)); wəin(d) from Eng.]

I. v. A. Forms. Pr.t. as above. Pa.t. strong wand (Fif. 1873 J. Wood Ceres Races 74), wan (n.Sc. 1825 Jam.; Cai. 1905 E.D.D.; Abd. 1974) [wɑn(d)]; weak win't (Ayr. 1785 Burns Halloween xii.), winned (Kcd. 1844 W. Jamie Muse 6), won'd (Bnff. 1844 T. Anderson Poems 61); wund (Lth.); reduced waind (Rxb. 1821 A. Scott Poems 130) [wɪnt, -d]. Pa.p. strong wund (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.), wunnd (Sh. 1916 J. Burgess Rasmie's Smaa Murr (Jooly 12)), wun (ne.Sc. 1974), won (Lnk. a.1832 W. Watt Poems (1860) 83); weak windit, wundit (Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Rxb. 1942 Zai), wunded (Sc. 1826 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) I. 200), reduced win', weind (Bnff. 1847 A. Cumming Tales (1896) 42) [wʌn; ′wɪndɪt. ′wʌndɪt]

B. Usages: 1. Phrs. and comb.: (1) to wind a pirn, see Pirn, n.1, Combs. (28); (2) to win(d) the or a (blue) clue, specif. to wind a ball of worsted in a kiln in order to divine one's future spouse as a rite at Halloween (see Blue Clue); (3) wind-band, w(o)und-band, an iron hoop or band put round a wooden bar, spoke, etc. to strengthen it and prevent it from splintering (Rxb. 1825 Jam., wund-; Dmf. 1970); specif. the nave-band of a wheel.(2) Abd. 1804 W. Tarras Poems 68:
She wand the clue wi' tentie han'. An' cries, “Wha hauds the end o't?”
Abd. 1906 Banffshire Jnl. (10 July) 10:
While Peggy wan her worsit clue.
(3) Sc. 1705 Foulis Acct. Bk. (S.H.S.) 373:
For the windbank [sic] to the cart 5sh .
e.Lth. 1807 Foord Acct. Bk. MS. 29:
To weshers and linnails and wound bands for axil 7 lb.

2. refl. To move, betake oneself, proceed, esp. in an insinuating manner. Obs. in Eng.Lnk. 1902 A. Wardrop Hamely Sk. 67:
As I rose tae wind mysel' aside 'er I fell an' a'.

3. To wrap (a corpse) in a shroud. Vbl.n. winding. Now dial. in Eng. exe. in comb. winding-sheet.Sc. 1819 Scott Bride of Lamm. xxiii.:
I was at the winding of the corpse.
Dmf. 1823 J. Kennedy Poems 49:
S — y's win' i' the last sheet As cauld as lead.
Gall. 1832 J. Denniston Craignilder 76:
Dundrennan lasses turn your wheels, Twine winning sheets for gallant chiels.

4. tr. To plait, twist (rope, etc.) (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.). Hence n. winder, an instrument for twisting straw-ropes, a thraw-cruik (Wgt. 1961 Gwerin III. 211).Sh. 1877 G. Stewart Fireside Tales 23:
I wis sittin' windin simmits at wir fireside.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 56:
Dere he wad sit concordedly, windin' bands at the fireside.

5. tr. To draw coal to the pithead by means of a winding-engine (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 73) Also in n.Eng. mining usage.Fif. 1777 Session Papers, Memorial Carron Co. (25 April) 23:
Working these coals from the pillars, and winding or bringing them to the pithead.
e.Lth. 1887 P. McNeill Blawearie 186:
To get their coals winded to the pithead.

II. n. 1. A reel or instrument for winding yarn; as much yarn as a reel will hold. Dim. windie, a type of crank mounted on a stand for winding straw ropes (Sh. 1961). Cf. winder above. See also Yairn. n., 2.(8).Rnf. 1726 W. Hector Judicial Records (1878) II. 278:
To 3 wins of blak ducth [sic] thrid . . 9d sterling.
Ork. 1747 P. Ork. A.S. XII. 50:
2 old yairn wynds, a Clos stool box.

2. The angle at which the spokes of a wheel are set in the nave. Cf. Eng. wind, a twist, a direction off the true.Abd. 1947:
Gie that spoke a bit mair win.

[O.Sc. windband, 1496.]

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"Wind v.2, n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2024 <>



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