Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1971 (SND Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

SOUSE, v.1, n., adv. Also soos(e), souce; sowse. [sʌus, sus]

I. v. 1. tr. To strike, cuff, thump, box the ears (Uls. c.1840 W. Lutton Montiaghisms (1924), 1953 Traynor; Cai., wm.Sc., Wgt. 1971). Also in Eng. dial. Deriv. soos(t)er, sows(t)er, anything very large, a “whopper,” a large amount (Cai., em.Sc. 1971). Also in n.Eng. dial.Ayr. 1786 Burns What ails ye now ii.:
What tho' at times when I grow crouse . . . Is that enough for you to souse Your servant sae?
Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxvii.:
I'll hae him weel soused for that.
Bwk. 1876 W. Brockie Confessional 186:
I wad souce baith them and the heckler.
Edb. 1929 The Student (10 Dec.) 235:
Thon wasnae the May but a muckle whale. Sic a sowster they ne'er had seen.
Cai.9 1946:
'At's a fair sowser 'at should fill him till 'e fettles.
Per.4 1950:
That's a souster o a hay stack.

2. To strike down, to let fall heavily.Rnf. a.1813 A. Wilson Poems (1876) II. 161:
Musk-rats and 'possums in each hand he bore, And soused them down with surly gloom.
Edb. 1828 D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch xv.:
The deil flew away wi' her; and, soosing her down frae the lift, she landit in that hole.

3. intr. or refl., gen. with doun: to fall or sit heavily (Uls. c.1840 W. Lutton Montiaghisms (1924), 1953 Traynor). Also in n.Eng. dial.Fif. 1812 W. Tennant Anster Fair 78:
Some, unpractis'd or uncautious, fell Sousing with lumpish undefended weight.
wm.Sc. 1854 Laird of Logan 386:
[He] laid his bonnet on the seat, and sousing himself down on it, stared about with seeming indifference.
Cai. 1904 E.D.D.:
To soos doon, to fall of a heap, or as a soft mass would.

II. n. 1. A heavy blow, esp. on the head, a thump (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 432, sowse; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Cai., Ayr., Wgt. 1971), a forcible dash or thrust. Also in Eng. dial. Dim. sousie, a thrashing (Ayr. 1921 T.S.D.C.).s.Sc. 1809 T. Donaldson Poems 13:
I'd daud or gie him weel his souses.
Gsw. 1884 H. Johnston Martha Spreull 105:
Betty clapped him doon on a basket o' wet claes wi' a guid sowse.

2. A heavy fall, the sound of such a fall (Uls. 1953 Traynor). Also in n.Eng. dial.Lnk. a.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) I. 143:
He first fell on a thatched house, Next on a midden, with a souse.
w.Lth. 1834 Poets Lnl. (Bisset 1896) 76:
Till wi' a souce o'er he gaes a', On face or back.
s.Sc. 1847 H. S. Riddell Poems 27:
The stranger marvelled that the house Had no fa'n in, wi' ae sad souse.
Uls. 1897 W. G. Lyttle R. Gordon 79:
A wud wauken up wi' the souse she cum doon on the grun'.
e.Lth. 1908 J. Lumsden Th' Loudons 221:
She cam' doun wi' a sowse on her rump.

3. A load (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 432).

III. adv. Violently, heavily, with a thud (Uls. 1953 Traynor; Ayr., Wgt. 1971). Now chiefly dial. in Eng.Sc. 1814 Carlyle Early Letters (Norton 1886) I. 5:
Boring a hole, right, slap, souse down through the centre of the earth we inhabit.
Rxb. 1821 A. Scott Poems 2:
Sampson . . . came upon a lion souse, And crush'd him as he'd been a mouse.
Ayr. 1870 J. K. Hunter Life Studies 296:
The tipsy lover fell souse in the dirt.
Sh. 1906 T. P. Ollason Spindrift 151:
Da bool gied oot o' da pan, as I wis linkin' 'im up i' da crook, an' soose gied puddin's an' puddin' brü i' da fire.

[O.Sc. sous, to thrash, c.1590. Orig. uncertain, prob. imit. Cf. M.H.Ger. sus, noise, din. Cf. Soss, n.2]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Souse v.1, n., adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Apr 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/souse_v1_n_adv>

25069

snd

Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND:

    Loading...

Share: