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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.

RUIVE, n., v. Also ruv(e), ro(o)v(e), ruove, röv; raive (Ags. 1968); riv (Abd. 1825 Jam.), reeve (Cai. 1904 E.D.D.); row. [røv; re:v, n.Sc. riv]

I. n. A burr, a metal washer on which the point of a nail or bolt can be clinched, esp. as used in boat-building (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 155, 1904 E.D.D., Sh. 1968), a rivet (I.Sc., Mry., Ags., Per., Kcb. 1968), gen. in phr. seam and ruive. See Seam.Sh. 1730 Old-Lore Misc. VI. i. 35:
2 firkins seam and roove.
Ork. 1747 P. Ork. A.S. XII. 50:
Some seem and ruve for boats.
Ayr. 1764 Session Papers, Orr v. Earl of Eglinton (5 July) 47:
He used some new nails and roves.
Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 125:
Local carpenters were employed to “set them up” [haf boats], or put the parts together with seam and röv.
Sh. 1949 New Shetlander No. 19. 44:
Haddin' a weight o' iron firnent him whin he drave da sem an' ruvs.

II. v. To use a burr, to rivet, clinch a nail or bolt (Sc. 1787 J. Elphinston Propriety II. 41, 1808 Jam.; I.Sc., Mry., Ags., Per., Kcb. 1968). Also fig.Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shep. v. iii.:
The Lord o' Heaven . . . a' your blessings roove.
Abd. 1736 Rec. Old Abd. (N.S.C.) II. 178:
For iron hingers to the two bells and for rowing and sadding the two tongues.
Fif. 1764 Rothes MSS.:
To 76 wages sherped and roved.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 58:
For guid is roovit to nae state.
Rnf. 1813 G. MacIndoe Wandering Muse 73:
Ev'ry sentence roov'd as wi' a hammer.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 414:
My fellow went up and roov'd that nail on the other side.
Abd. 1904 E.D.D.:
Weyt till ye riv a' the nails.
Ayr. 1913 J. Service Memorables 35:
Ye should roove the tacket in the inside o' your shoe.

[O.Sc. rufe, = I. 1., 1494, = II., 1568, fig. 1654. The same word as nautical Eng. rove, a burr, O.N. , id. For the excrescent v cf. Cruive, Reeve, n.1, v.1]

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"Ruive n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Oct 2022 <>



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