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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

RODDEN, n.2 Also roden-, roddam, roddan-. The turbot, Scophthalmus maximus. Also in n.Eng. dial. in form roddams. Gen. in comb. rodden-fleu(c)k, -fluke, id. (Abd. 1815 J. Arbuthnot Fishes 59; Abd., Kcd., Lth. 1825 Jam.; e.Sc. 1903 G. Sim Fauna ofDee” 244); the brill, Scophthalmus rhombus (Abd. 1815 J. Arbuthnot Fishes 59).Abd. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 V. 277:
Turbot, (in this country called the Rodden fleuck).
Kcd. 1813 G. Robertson Agric. Kcd. 415:
Skate, turbot, (called here, rodden fluke and bannock fluke).
Bwk. 1838 Proc. Bwk. Nat. Club (1885) 174:
Turbot, Penn. By our fishermen called the Turbrat or Roddams.

[The simple form is short for the comb. rodden-fleuk, the same word as roddin(g) s.v. Rodd, v. to spawn. Cf. rawn-fleuk s.v. Rawn, n., 2. The turbot is known for the great quantity of its spawn.]

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"Rodden n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 May 2024 <>



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